anthro ch.2

  1. fieldwork
    research in the field, which is any place where people and culture are found
  2. participant observation
    basic field work method in cultural anthroplogy that involves living in a culture for a long period of time while gathering data
  3. multisited research
    filedwork conducted in more than one location in order to understand the behaviors and ideas of dispersed members of a culture or the relationships among different levels such as state policy and culture
  4. informed consent
    an aspect of fieldwork ethics requiring that the researcher inform the research participants of the intent scope and possible effects of the study and seek their consent to be in the study
  5. kula
    • a trading network, in which man have long-standing partnerships fo rthe exchange of everyday goods such as food as well as highly valued necklaces and armlets
    • ex. Trobians islands jewelry
  6. culture shock
    • persistent feelings of uneasiness loneliness and anxiety that often occurs when a person has shifted from one culture to another
    • ex. coming back to US after being in remote Africa
  7. deductive approach (to research)
    method that involves posing a research question or hypothesis gathering data related to the question and then assessing the findings in relation to the original hypotheses
  8. inductive approach(to research)
    research approach that avoids hypothesis formation in advance of the research and instead takesits lead from the culture being studied
  9. quantitative data
    numeric info
  10. qualitative data
    non-numeric data
  11. etic
    an analytical framework used by outside analysts in studying culture
  12. emic
    insider's perceptions and categories and their explanations for why they what they do
  13. Hawthorne Eeffect
    research bias due to participants changing their behavior to conform to the expectations of the researcher
  14. interview
    research technique that involves gathering of verbal data through questions or guided conversation between at least 2 people
  15. questionare
    research instrument containg pre-set series of questions that the anthroplogist asks in a face-to-face seeting, by mail or by -mail
  16. toponymy
    the naming of places
  17. indigenous knowledge(IK)
    local understanding of the enviroment climate plants and animals
  18. ethnography
    a 1st-hand detailed description of a living culture based on personal observation
  19. collaborative research
    approach to learning about culture that involves anthroplogists workign with members of the study of population as partners and participants rather than as "subjects"
Card Set
anthro ch.2