Bio Exam 3 PART 1

  1. Animal Like protists lack .
  2. Body symmetry of eukaryotic cells
    asymmeticrial, spherical
  3. Osmoregulation in cells without walls
    contractile vaculoes
  4. Life cycles of animals are not as complicated as
  5. What is a Protist?
    A eukaryote that is not a plant, fungus, and an animal
  6. A monophyletic group is a common ancestor and all its descendants and an example are
  7. What is not a monophyletic group
    Protista (polyphyletic)
  8. How are animals unique
    have a nervous system
  9. prokaryote engulfing a aerobic prokaryote
    serial endosymbiotic theory
  10. Not united by any unique features, or shared, derived traits
    Kingdom Protista
  11. First membrane bound organelle
  12. Life cycle very complex
    Kingdom Protista
  13. Animal Like Protists are similar to
    Plant like protists
  14. Eukaryotic cells contain
    Membrane enclosed nucleus, Endomembrane System, Mitochondria for respiration, Cytoskeleton, Flagella, life cycles that include mitosis meosis and sex, multiple chromosomes
  15. No body axis, Asymmetrical body plan, No plane of symmetry
    animal - like protist
  16. single celled protists increase surgace area by
    flattening their bodies
  17. Hypotonic solution
    more water is coming into the cell
  18. Hypertonic solution
    more water is coming out of the cell (salty)
  19. isotonic
    equal amounts of water are coming in and our of the cell, marine enviroment
  20. Osmoregulation is directly associated with
    enviromental conditions
  21. regulates osmoregulation found only in freshwater
    contracticle vacoule
  22. Thickend cell membranes that provide support and shape
  23. locomotion in animal-like protists
    psedupods, flagella, cilia
  24. ameoba uses blank to engulf prey called intracellular digestion
  25. Macronucleus
    50 copies of genome, control everyday functions, asexual reporduction by binary fission
  26. micronucleus
    active in meiosis, produces genetic variation during conjugation
  27. Protist Plasmodium causes
  28. New characteristics in Sponges
    multicelluarity, epidermal epithelia, collagen present, spermatozoa. specilaization in cells
  29. Reproduction in sponges
    budding, gemmules, reaggregation
  30. 3 unique body plans of sponges
    ascon, sycon, leucon
  31. Choanocyte cells line spongocoel of a spong and
    capture food particles and is where digestion occurs
  32. Sponges gas exchange and exxcretion occurs by
  33. Spiricals in sponges can be made of
    calciium carbonate, silicon, collagen-like protein called spongin
  34. sponges are composed of which provide support
  35. Spiricals of glass are
  36. largest type of body type of a sponge
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Bio Exam 3 PART 1