Chapter 5 Micro
Temperatures effect on enzymes
pH effect on enzymes
Substrate Concentration effect on enzymes
increase then plateau
resemble the substrate
binds to the active site of the enzyme and prevents the substrate from binding
reversed by adding more substrate
does not compete with substrate
doesnt resemble the substrate
binds to the allosteric site changing the conformation of the active site preventing the substrate from binding
does not resemble the substrate
allows the substrate to bind to the active site
while it binds to the allosteric site
looking like the substrate to the enzyme results in no product
resembles the substrate
binds to the active site and permanently destroys the enzyme
Does not resemble substrate
Binds to allosteric site
prevents the creation of new end products by taking out enyzme 1
transfer of functional groups
hydrolysis [addition of water]
Removal of groups of atoms without hydrolysis
Rearrangement of atoms within a molecule
Join two molecules.
Purpose of enzymes
decrease activation energy needed for a reaction
addition of phosphorous group to a chemical compound
The oxidation of glucose to pyruvic acid
First stage in Carbohydrate Catabolism
Number of ATP created via glycolysis
the two 3 carbon compounds created when glucose is phosphorylated, restructured, and split in order to enter glycolysis
glyceraldehyde 3 phosphate
another name for the kreb's cycle
citric acid cycle
can pyruvic acid enter the kreb's cycle
what does the pyruvic acid lose in the preparatory step to enter the Kreb's cycle?
What two carbon compound enters the Kreb's cycle?
The 8 stages of the Kreb's Cycle
Fumaric Acid Malic Acid
Results of Kreb's Cycle
Electron Transport Chain results in this many ATP in eukaryotes
The electron transport chain results in this many ATP in prokaryotes
Where is the electron transport chain in eukaryotes?
inner membrane of the mitochondrion
Where is Kreb's cycle in Eukaryotes?
Where is glycolysis in Eukaryotes?
Where is the Electron Transport Chain held in Prokaryotes?
Chapter 5 Micro
Chapter 5 shit