AD Music Flash Cards

  1. What is "pizzicatio"?
    The technique of playing a normally bowed instrument by plucking its strings.
  2. What is the smallest unit of musical form?
    A Motive
  3. What are the three most basic formal processes in music?
    Repitition, variation, and contrast
  4. What is another name for the ABA form?
    Ternary form
  5. What is the subject of a fugue called?
    Fugue subject
  6. The blues is rooted in what tradition?
    African-American Oral Tradition
  7. Which three scale degrees are bent to form blues notes?
    The thrid, fifthe, and seventh
  8. What is another name for the response in the "call-and-response" form?
    the fill
  9. What African-American slave musical tradition is religious in its origins?
    Ring shout
  10. Why were slaves prohibited from playing loud instruments?
    Slave owners feared that slaves would communicate through music to organize escapes or uprisings
  11. What African-American slave musical tradition featured the improvisation of a single performer?
    Field Holler
  12. Blues musicians adopted the business model of what two performance styles?
    The minstrel show and vaudeville
  13. What performance style predominantly featured blackface?
    The minstrel show
  14. What is the name of the paths that minstrel troupes used as they traveled from city to city?
    Theater circuits
  15. Early blues is closely tied to what region?
    The Mississipi Delta
  16. What is another name for a traveling singer?
  17. What blues tradition is considered the oldest?
    Country blues
  18. What type of singer dominated the vocals of the classic blues?
    Professional female vaudeville singers
  19. George Gershwin was a central composer of what form of blues?
    Tin Pan Alley Blues
  20. Who is called the "Father of the Blues"?
    WC Handy
  21. Where was WC Handy born?
  22. What instrument did WC Handy play for a minstrel group during the 1890s?
  23. When was "Memphis Blues" published?
  24. Where did WC Handy set up his music publishing business?
    New York City
  25. How was music most often disseminated before 1920?
    Through sheet music
  26. What composer os credited with the preperation of blues for the mainstream?
    WC Handy
  27. The introduction of "St. Louis Blues" makes use of what texture?
  28. What harmonic structure is used in "St. Louis Blues"?
    Twelve-bar blues form
  29. The B section of "St. Louis Blues" is an example of what kind of blues?
    Classic blues
  30. Who performed "Crazy Blues" in 1920?
    Mamie Smith
  31. Who was called the "Queen of the Blues"?
    Bessie Smith
  32. Which record company signed Bessie Smith in 1923?
    Columbia Records
  33. Which country blues musician wrote songs about serious issues such as lynching?
    Blind Blake
  34. What form of blues suffered the most from the Great Depression?
    Classic Blues
  35. Bessie Smith starred in what 1929 film?
    "St. Louis Blues"
  36. Where did Bessie Smith replace Billie Holiday as a club singer?
    A club in New York City
  37. When did the theatre's owner's booking association go out of business?
  38. Why did record companies stop recording almost all blues musicians during the 1930s?
    The financial risk of recording was too great
  39. Where did many former blues stars perform during the 1930s?
    Small clubs in the North or tent shows in the South
  40. What event marked the end of the classic blues singer era?
    The stock market crashed
  41. What prompted Blind Blake's record company to drop him?
    A sharp decline in record sales
  42. What form of blues features lyrics less emotional than classic blues?
    Downhome blues
  43. What is the main reason downhome blues appealed to urban audiences?
    It maintained a close tie with the rural blues tradition
  44. What instrument did Scrapper Blackwell play?
  45. How old was Robert Johnson when he died?
    27 years old
  46. Which country blues musician had a notable influence on Robert Johnson?
    Son House
  47. How many recordings did Robert Johnson make in Texas
  48. Which record company was the leader in recordinf African-American music after 1934/
    Decca Records
  49. Who created the "Southside Chicago" sound?
    Big Bill Broonzy
  50. Who is called the "Father of Modern Chicago Blues"?
    Muddy Waters
  51. Muddy Waters was most siccessful under what record label?
  52. Where was Hokum developed/
  53. What is abother name for Hokum?
    Party blues
  54. What style of piano blues features a frantic pace and angular accompaniment?
  55. Benny Motens' famous jazz orchestra was based in what city?
    Kansas City
  56. What prompted the interest in collecting American floksong during the 1930s?
    The left-leaning movement that favored the culture of the "common man" and sought socio-economic equality
Card Set
AD Music Flash Cards
Music flashcards for AD 2010