MCB 62 LSD and Mescaline

  1. Arthur Heffter
    1897 isolated mescaline from peyote cactus
  2. Delysid
    • Brand name for LSD, made by Sandoz and distributed free of charge for research
    • 1950s
    • suggested psychiatrists take it to understand their mental patients better
  3. LSD in Clinical Research
    • 1950s-1960s there was clinical research using LSD for the treatment of addiction, psychosis, and other mental illnesses
    • Bill Wilson, founder of AA, had experienced this
  4. CIA and Government Use
    1950S government looked into possible chemical weapon use
  5. Aldous Huxley
    • wrote "The Doors of Perception"
    • helped name "psychedelics"
  6. Timothy Leary 1920-1996
    • PHD from Berkeley
    • Nixon called him the "most dangerous man in America"
    • psychologist that encouraged LSD useage
  7. Owsley Stanley
    • LSD maker in Berkeley
    • Gave away LSD free or low cost in the Bay Area in the 60s, contributed to its popularity
  8. LSD Blotter Paper
    • 1970s introduced
    • paper with small squares of LSD, perfect portions
  9. Possible Adverse Effects of LSD and pyschedelics
    • known physical toxicity is low to nonexistant
    • therapeutic index is very high
    • dangerous behavior while intoxicared possible
    • anxiety and panic associated with a bad trip
    • creation or exacerbating of long term cognitive/emotional problems
  10. Flashbacks
    re-experiencing altered state in absence of the drug
  11. Banning of LSD
    • late 1960s laws against LSD in some states including California
    • 1968 CSA Schedule 1
  12. LSD in the Brain
    agonist @ serotonin 2A receptors
  13. Psilocybe cubenis
    • psychedelic mushroom containing psilocybin and related molecules
    • psilocybin and psilocin are the active chemicals
    • Identified by Albert Hoffman in 1958
  14. R. Gordon Wasson
    • oaxaca, mexico in the 1950s
    • found ritual mushroom usage by the mazatecs
    • techanacatl= aztec name meaning "flesh of the gods"
  15. Maria Sabina
    mazatec shaman who introduced the modern world to the ritual ehtnobotanical uses of mushrooms in her culture
Card Set
MCB 62 LSD and Mescaline
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