Chapter 15

  1. Jurisprudence
    the study of law
  2. Common Law
    a system of law based on precedent and customs
  3. Precedents
    a ruling that is used as the basis for a judicial decision in a later, similar case
  4. Statutes
    a law written by a legislative branch
  5. Plaintiff
    a person or party filing a lawsuit
  6. Defendant
    an individual or group being sued or changed with a crime
  7. Felonies
    a serious crime such as murder, rape, kidnapping, or robbery
  8. Misdemeanors
    a relatively minor offense such as vandalism or stealing inexpensive items
  9. Lawsuit
    a legal action in which a person or group sues to collect damages for some harm that is done
  10. Plagiarism
    the copying or stealing of another person's words and ideas and passing them off as your own
  11. Torts
    wrongful acts for which an injured party has the right to sue
  12. Stare Decisis
    the practice of using earlier judicial rulings as a basis for deciding cases
  13. Writ of Hapeas Corpus
    a court order that requires police to bring a prisoner to court to explain why they are holding the person
  14. Bill of Attainer
    a law that punishes a person accused of a crime without a trial or a fair hearing in court
  15. Ex Post Facto Law
    a law that would allow a person to be punished for an action that was not against the law when it was committed
  16. Due Process of Law
    procedures established by law and guaranteed by the constitution
  17. Double Jeopardy
    putting someone on trail for a crime of which he or she was previously acquitted
  18. Grand Jury
    a group of citizens that decides whether there is sufficient evidence to accuse someone of a crime
  19. Bail
    a sum of money used as a security deposit to ensure that an accused person returns for his or her trial
Card Set
Chapter 15