History Chapter 7

  1. Benjamin Rush
    An advocate of the new and supposedly scientific techniques of bleeding and purging, and many of his patients died.
  2. Noah Webster
    Published the American Spelling Book, commonly known as the "blue-backed speller". He insisted on a simplified and Americanized system of spelling.
  3. Washington Irving
    A resident of New York state who won wide acclaim for his satirical histories of early American life and his powerful fables of society in the New World. Wrote popular folk tales like Ichabod Crane and Rip Van Winkle.
  4. Deism
    A belief in which accepted the existence of God, but considered Him a remote being who, after having created the universe, had withdrawn from direct involvement with the human race and its sins.
  5. Second Great Awakening
    A religious movement in which marked an emphasis on personal piety over schooling and theology.
  6. Eli Whitney
    The creator of the cotton gin and other various devices. The cotton gin changed the way cotton was picked in the south.
  7. Robert Fulton
    Creator of the steam boat, which made traveling a lot easier.
  8. Turnpike
    A toll road running the sixty miles from Philidelphia to Lancaster, with a hard-packed surface of crushed rock.
  9. Pierre L 'Enfant
    A french born architect and civil engineer whom George Washington asked to make plans for building the nation's capital and white house.
  10. Barbary Pirates
    The states in northern Africa Morocco, Algiers, Tunis, and Tripoli sent these, demanding money from Jefferson. They soon cut down a flagpole, which was a declaration of war.
  11. Marbury vs. Madison
    William marbury, one of Adams's "midnight appointments" had been named a justice of the peace in the District of Columbia. But his commission, although signed and sealed, had not been delivered to him before Adams left office. This was Madison's fault, so they went to court and debated to see if Madison could rightfully give it to him.
  12. Judicial Review
    When the court goes back to a law and reviews to see if it was unconstitutional and change it. They used it to see if Adams's "Midnight Appointments" were just.
  13. John Marshall
    The Chief Justice of the United states at the time of the ruling of Marbury Vs. Madison. He was a towering figure in the history of American law.
  14. Louisiana Purchase
    Napoleon sold Thomas Jefferson Louisiana and got a large amount of territory.
  15. Lewis and Clark
    Went on an exhibition from New England to Oregon and founded a large amount of land.
  16. Zebulon Pike
    Led an expedition from St. Louis into the upper Mississippi Valley.
  17. Aaron Burr
    Challenged Alexander Hamilton to a duel because Hamilton thought he was plotting treason and made numerous private remarks, widely reported in the press, about his character.
  18. Continental System
    The foreign policy of Napoleon I of France in his struggle against the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland during the Napoleonic Wars. It was a large-scale embargo against British trade, inaugurated on November 21, 1806. This embargo ended in 1814 after Napoleon's first abdication.
  19. Orders in Council
    A type of legislation in many countries, typically those in the Commonwealth of Nations. In the United Kingdom this legislation is formally made in the name of the Queen by the Privy Council, but in other countries the terminology may vary.
  20. Chesapeake-Leopard Incident
    On June 22, 1807, when the British warship HMS Leopard attacked and boarded the American frigate Chesapeake.
  21. Embargo Act
    American laws restricting American ships from engaging in foreign trade 1807 and 1812. They led to the War of 1812 between the U.S. and Britain.
  22. Non-Intercourse Act
    Another act in which prohibited ships from engaging in foreign trade, but re-opened free commercial trade with Britain and France.
  23. Macon's Bill No. 2
    An Act concerning the commercial intercourse between the United States and Great Britain and France and their dependencies, and for other purposes.
  24. William Harry Harrison
    Was appointed by Jefferson to be governor of the Indiana Territory to administer the president's proposed solution to the Indian problem.
  25. Tecumseh
    A Native American leader of the Shawnee and a large tribal confederacy that opposed the United States during Tecumseh's War and the War of 1812.
  26. The Prophet
    A religious leader who advocated a return to the ancestral lifestyle of the tribes, who warned Tecumseh of what was going to happen.
  27. Battle of Tippeconoe
    Was fought on November 7, 1811, between United States forces led by Governor William Henry Harrison of theIndiana Territory and forces of Tecumseh's growing American Indian confederation led by his younger brother Tenskwatawa.
  28. War Hawks
    A term originally used to describe members of the Twelfth Congress of the United States who advocated waging war against the British in the War of 1812.
  29. Andrew Jackson
    Was general in the War of 1812 and helped defend New Orleans in a great battle and came out victorious.
  30. Fort McHenry
    The fort that helped protect New Orleans from the incoming British attack and held up from all the cannon fires.
  31. The Star-Spangled Banner
    Written by Francis Scott Key, our nation's national anthem, inspired by all the flashing cannon lights of the battle of New Orleans.
  32. Battle of New Orleans
    When the British came in for an attack at Fort McHenry and the Americans came out victorious.
  33. Treaty of Ghent
    Ended the war of 1812 after the British lost.
  34. Hartford Convention
    An event in the United States during the War of 1812 in which New England's opposition to the war reached the point where secession from the United States was discussed.
  35. Rush-Bagot Agreement
    Provided for mutual disarmament on the Great Lakes; eventually the Canadian-American boundary became the longest "unguarded frontier" in the world.
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History Chapter 7