Social Psychology Test 3

  1. hostile aggression
    hot implosive angry behavior
  2. violence
    aggression that has as its goal extreme physical harm
  3. aggression
    any behavior intended to harm another person who doesnt want to be harmed
  4. instrumental aggression
    cold premeditated behavior
  5. passive aggression
    witholding behavior
  6. active aggression
    performing behavior
  7. according to freud what are two instincts that humans have?
    • Eros- life
    • Thantos - death (aggression)
  8. social learning theory
    learn things through other social ppl
  9. frustration-aggression hypothesis
    aggression implies previous frustration
  10. frustration
    blockage of personal goal
  11. What are major issue with the frustration aggression hypothesis theory?
    • (1) not all aggression is preceded by frustration
    • (2) not all frustration leads to aggression
  12. age and aggression?
    • aggression comes with puberty
    • younger children cant be very violent
    • 25% of toddler interactions in day care involve physical aggression - limiting alternatives for solving conflict
  13. fight or flight syndrome
    physical aggresion (men)
  14. tend and befriend syndrome
    nurture and make friends (women)
  15. relational aggression
    intentionally harm others in relationship
  16. associated network explanation
    guns are associated with other aggressive thoughts
  17. testosterone and aggression?
    • aggression from testosterone
    • testosteron from aggression
  18. cross-lagged correlation study:
    measures variables at different time points
  19. Eron's cross-lagged study on media violence results:
    tv leads to aggression; aggression does not lead to tv viewing
  20. what factors increast he relationship b/w media violence and aggression?
    • unatractive victim
    • justification for violence
    • reward for aggression
  21. self control and aggression?
    poor self control = more aggression
  22. deindividuation
    ppl in groups lose self awareness
  23. matching principle
    pair up w/others who are equally attractive
  24. implicit egotism
    we like things that remind us of ourselfs
  25. propinquitiy
    encountering someone on a regular basis
  26. assimilation effect
    ppl associated with attractive close others are seen as more attracted
  27. contrast effect
    when w/attractive stranger, an average person can be seen as less attractive
  28. ostracism
    being excluded, rejected, and ignored
  29. what occurs when ppl are rejected?
    • numbness
    • impaired psychological and cog function
    • weakened self control
  30. passionate love
    • strong feelings of longing, desire, and excitement toward the special perosn
    • important for starting a relationship
  31. companionate love
    • mutual understanding and caring
    • important for relationship to suceed
  32. Sternberg's triangle theory
    • pasion - emotion state, high arousal
    • intimacy - feeling of closeness, mutual
    • commitment - decision to stay together
  33. three types of attachment?
    • secure - parent responsive - healthy sex
    • avoident - parent unresponsive - desire sex, resist intimacy, avoid sex, engage in one night stands
    • anxious/ambivalent - inconsistent parenting - use sex to pull partner closer, have sex when dont want to, risky sex, more number of partners
  34. interdependence theory
    • analyze social interactions in terms of benefits and costs to the individuals
    • most used theory
    • applies to friends, coworkers, and relationships
  35. comparison level (CL)
    • the quality of outcomes you believe you deserve
    • determines satisfaction
  36. comparison level alternative (CL-Alt)
    • the average outcomes of the next best availabe alternative
    • determines your dependence
  37. three determinants of commitment
    • satisfaction
    • alternatives
    • investments
  38. 5 relationship maintenance mechanisms?
    • (1) positive illusions - idealize our partners (only look at the good)
    • (2) forgo tempting alternatives
    • (3) relationship-enhancing attributions
    • (4) willingness to sacrifice
    • (5) accommodation and forgiveness
  39. prejudice
    a neg feeling toward an individual based solely on his or her membership in a particual group
  40. discrimination
    unequal treatment of different ppl based on the groups or categories to which they belong
  41. sterotypes
    beliefs that associate groups of ppl with certain traits
  42. realistic group conflict theory
    competition for scarce resources can lead to prejudice and discrimination
  43. social identity theory
    categorize the world to in and out groups
  44. minimal group effect
    randomly assign ppl to two groups and ppl will start to hate the other group
  45. contact hypothesis
    to reduce prejudice, increase contact b/w group members
  46. 3 factors to reduce prejudice:
    • equal status groups
    • sufficient frequency duration closeness
    • institutional support
  47. rationalization oppression
    powerful group retains power through use of stereotypes
  48. when are we most likely to rely on stereotypes?
    • group category is important
    • ambiguous or inadequate information
    • low on cog resources
  49. socializaiton
    each generation appears slightly less prejudice than the last
  50. jigsaw technique
    put multi racial children into group - make them teach a part of the lesson
  51. stereotype threat
    fear that one might confirm the stereotypes that other hold
  52. 3 self protective strategies:
    • (1) attribute negative feedback to prejudice against their group
    • (2) in group social comparisons
    • (3) disidentificaiton- devalue attributes on which their group excells
  53. optimal distinctiveness theory
    when ppl feel similar they want to seek out a way to act different and when ppl are different they want to act similar
  54. social facilitation
    ppl do better in front of others
  55. social inhibition
    perform worse in the presence of others
  56. why do others increase arousal?
    • evaluation apprehension - concerned about being evaluated
    • distraction - conflict b/w attending to others and to task
  57. symptoms of groupthink:
    • illusion of invulnerability - overly optimistic
    • shared stereotypes - enemy is too evil or stupid
    • illusion of morality - assume are morally superior
    • self censorship = members withohold disagreements
    • direct pressure = criticize those who raise doubts
    • mind guarding = protect group from contradictory info
  58. risky shift
    group is willing to take greater risk than individuals
  59. group polarization effect
    in group result will polarize moving toward the extreme
Card Set
Social Psychology Test 3
chapter 10, 11, 12, 13, 14