Gov Test 4

  1. electoral college
    US system of determining president
  2. number of votes in electoral college depends on
    • population and equal representation
    • House seats + Senate seats
  3. except DC gets ______ which was the ________ ammendment
    3; 23
  4. 48 number of states give all the electoral votes to whoever wins the ____________
    ________ and ________ give it based on districts
    • popular vote
    • Nebraska and Maine
  5. ____ number of states have rules punishing faithless electors
  6. faithless electors
    pledge to vote for a person and change vote or don't vote; not always on purpose
  7. International leader:
    • head of state
    • -military authority (when/where to use military force)
    • -judicial authority (granting pardons/reprieves)
    • -diplomatic (sending/receiving diplomats)
  8. domestic leader
    • executive (appointing officials, seeing laws implemented)
    • military (military force/personnel used domestically)
    • legislative (recommend legislation)
    • veto
    • executive (nominate people to offices)
  9. two types of veto
    • traditional
    • pocket: a president doesn't sign a bill in 10 days and congress goes out of session
  10. line item veto
    ability to strike out PARTS of a law
  11. 20 ammendment
    specifies when the P elect and VP elect will begin/end terms (Jan 20)
  12. Ammend 26
    no person can be elected to president more than 2 terms

    max years prest - 10
  13. Ammend 25
    order of succession if P and VP die
  14. order of succession
    • President
    • Vice President
    • Speaker of the house
    • President pro temp of Senate
    • Cabinet offices (Secretary of State and then departments in order of establishment)
  15. outside the beltway
    the one cabinet person not at a meeting with everyone else just in case everyone dies
  16. cabinet departments
    beurocracy; hierarchy arranged organization with subunits with specialized functions
  17. two reasons cabinet departments don't do everything the president tells them
    • confirmed by congress
    • need funding (look to congress)
  18. head of each department


    department of justice - attorney general heads
  19. president advisors.....
    head of them......
    • white house staff
    • chief of state
  20. oversight
    two types
    • Congressional commitees making sure beaurocracy doing job
    • police patrol over sight
    • fire alarm oversight
  21. police patrol oversight
    constant monitoring (people know when it'll happen so they modify behavior)
  22. fire alarm oversight
    random, unplanned monitoring
  23. iron triangle
    beurocratic and congressional committee are in arragemet with agency they are regulating
  24. capture theory
    • looks like iron triangle (same three groups)
    • agency has all the power so beaurocracy isn't really monitoring
  25. fed 78
    • Andrew Hamilton
    • defends judicial construction
  26. 2 reasons the supreme court made people nervous
    • unelected
    • there as long as they want
    • (people don't put them in office and can't get them out)
  27. Hamilton fought for judiciary because
    • it is weak
    • to be good it must be kept away from politics
    • "armed with neither the purse (Senate) or the sword (President)"
  28. Marshall
    first black on court (liberal)
  29. Thomas
    second black; replaced Marshall (conservative)
  30. Sandra Day O'Conner
    first female
  31. Ruth Bayton Ginsberg
    2nd female and jewish
  32. Sonia Sotomayer
    3rd woman and hispanic
  33. 3 means of judicial review
    textual (look at what Constitution and previous cases say)

    original intent (what was MEANT by Constitution - look at federalist papers, memoires, etc.)

    normative (use own beliefs)
  34. 3 terms for official opinion of court
    • holding (typical)
    • opinion of court
    • majority of opinion
  35. concurring
    written by people in the majority; anyone who agrees with end result but not reason for
  36. dissenting
    written by minority; people again official opinion of court
  37. Civil rights
    laws protecting certain groups of people with certain protective characteristics
  38. civil liberties
    laws that let you live how you want

    not WHO but WHAT
  39. ammend 13
    ended slavery
  40. ammend 14
    all rights of people born in US goes for everyone (gave all rights - except voting)
  41. ammend 15
    right to vote (1870)
  42. Plessy vs Fergurson
    1892; established seperate but equal
  43. Brown vs. Board of education
    • five cases
    • brown's was about how far his daughter had to walk to school
    • "seperate is inherently unequal"
  44. ammend 19
    1920; women voting rights
  45. symbolic speech
    • ex. flag burning
    • protected
  46. hate speech
    • protected
    • not protected from EFFECTS of behavior
  47. porn
    obscene speech NOT protected
  48. Miller test
    • would average person looking at the work as a whole find it obscene?
    • does it describe/depict in an offensive way sexual acts or excretory function?
    • slap test (does it lack serious literary/artistic/political/scientific value?)
Card Set
Gov Test 4
government final questions