Week 12

  1. vine, slightly winged rachis
    opp. 9-13 small serrate leaflets
    • Campis radicans (rooting)
    • Bignoniaceae; trumpet creeper
    • *Fruit: capsule
    • pollinated by hummingbirds
    • Trumpet Creeper Family
  2. silver underside w/ tiny brown spots
    silver scales
    Thorny-Olive (Elaeagnus pungens)Thorny-Olive (Elaeagnus pungens)
    • Elaeagnus pungens (prickly)
    • Elaeagnaceae; elaeagnus
    • fruit: drupe
    • native to Japan
  3. evergreen
    white veins
    English Ivy (Hedera helix)
    • Hedera helix (twining)
    • Araliaceae; English ivy
    • fruit: drupe
  4. red shriveled drupes,
    deciduous, sunken veins
    crenate, pubescent underside
    Winterberry (Ilex verticillata) fruits
    • Ilex verticillata (whorled)
    • Aquifoliaceae; winterberry
    • fruit: drupe
  5. evergreen, small, leaves crenate from tip to base (unlike others)
    small tree
    Yaupon (Ilex vomitoria)
    • Ilex vomitoria (causing vomiting)
    • Aquifoliaceae; yaupon
    • fruit: drupe
    • strong tea used by Native Americans to induce vomiting
  6. large leathery leaves, large aggregate of follicles
    Southern Magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora) fruit
    • Magnolia grandiflora (large-flowered)
    • Magnoliaceae; southern magnolia
    • *Fruit: aggregate of follicles
    • native to lower coastal plain
  7. small tree, crooked, multi-stem, evergreen
    lanceolate leaves covered in tiny yellow dots (glands)
    tiny, waxy, gray drupes along stem
    Wax Myrtle (Morella cerifera)Wax Myrtle (Morella cerifera) leafWax Myrtle (Morella cerifera)
    • Morella cerifera (bearing wax)
    • Myricaceae; waxmyrtle
    • fruit: drupe
    • Waxmyrtle family
    • roots fix nitrogen
    • wax used in candle-making
    • songbirds, quail, turkey
  8. all blue or all green
    5-6" cone
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    • Picea pungens (prickly)
    • Pinaceae; blue spruce
    • *Coine: flat scales
    • Native to UT, CO, NM, AZ
  9. 5 needles per bundle
    no sheath
    distinct uni-nodal growth
    long thin cone
    Image Upload 3Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus)Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus)
    • Pinus strobus (cone)
    • Pinaceae; white pine
    • *Cone: flat scales
    • soft wood
    • ship masts
    • only eastern white pine
  10. opp. sub-orbicular, thick, leathery leaves
    twigs stay green
    Oklahoma Floral Emblem:Mistletoe
    • Phoradendron serotinum (late)
    • Viscaceae; mistletoe
    • fruit: berry
    • hemiparasite on hardwoods
    • steals water, nutrients, not sugars
    • poisonous berry
    • songbirds
  11. evergreen, shiny, wavy, elliptical
    2 tiny glands on underside base
    juveniles serrated
    Carolina Laurelcherry (Prunus caroliniana) fruitCarolina Laurelcherry (Prunus caroliniana) bark
    • Prunus caroliniana (of Carolina)
    • Rosaceae; laurel cherry
    • fruit: drupe
    • songbirds
  12. twining shrub
    trifoliate leaves, some lobed
    hairy young twigs
    Kudzu (Pueraria montana var. lobata)Kudzu (Pueraria montana var. lobata)
    • Pueraria montana (of the mountain)
    • Leguminosae; kudzu
    • fruit: legume
    • high quality fodder
  13. serrated elliptical leaf (chestnut-like, but glabrous)
    nut cap very distinct - dreadlocks!
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    • Quercus acutissima (deeply cut)
    • Fagaceae; sawtooth oak
    • *Fruit: nut
    • native to Asia
  14. similar to scarlet, but no red in fall
    similar to schumard, but squared lobes/no overlap
    nut cap not flat/saucer-shaped
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    • Quercus texana (of TX)
    • Fagaceae; Nuttall oak
    • *Fruit: nut
    • native to Gulf coast
    • red oak
  15. mini northern red oak cap
    small face w/ beret
    smooth bark
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    • Quercus palustris (of the swamp)
    • Fagaceae; pin oak
    • *Fruit: nut
  16. evergreen
    elf hat cap w/ peduncle
    cobbled, dark gray bark
    always ridged (no ski trails)
    white oak, but almost bristled
    Image Upload 12Live Oak (Quercus virginiana) barkLive Oak (Quercus virginiana) acorn
    Live Oak (Quercus virginiana) leaves
    • Quercus virginiana (of VA)
    • Fagaceae; live oak
    • *Fruit: nut
    • first tree to be managed for timber in US
    • dense wood formerly used in sailing ships
    • traditional shade tree in southern cities
    • white oak!
  17. giant cone
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    • Pinus lambertiana (named for Lambert)
    • Pinaceae; sugar pine
    • *cone: flat scales
    • Largest pine
    • found in OR, CA
    • resin sugary, formerly chewed like gum
  18. cone slightly larger than white pine, browner
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    • Pinus monticola (of the mountain)
    • Pinaceae; western white pine
    • *Cone: flat scale
    • white pine found in N Rockies, Cascades, Sierra Nevadas, prized for shelving, molding, window frames
    • decimated by white pine blister rust from Europe
Card Set
Week 12
South Campus