1. structures that produce a chemical secretion
  2. has a duct that allows specific drainage
  3. ductless, so it drains directly into the surrounding tissues or the bloodstream so it can be used anywhere in the body
  4. What are 4 functions of salivary glands?
    • lubricates and cleans mouth
    • enzymes break down food
    • buffer against acidic foods and cariogenic bacteria
    • remineralizes tooth structure
  5. Enzymes in saliva________________food
    break down
  6. a function of the salivary glands is that it acts as a__________against acidic foods and_________ __________
    • buffer
    • cariogenic
    • bacteria
  7. true or false. A function of the salivary glands is to remineralize tooth structure
  8. true or false. a function of the salivary glands is to lubricate and clean the mouth
  9. What type of cells lines the glands and produces the saliva?
    epithelial cells
  10. epithelial cells in salivary glands line the_______and produce the___________
    • gland
    • saliva
  11. what type of tissue surrounds and protects the salivary gland and supplies nerves and vessels?
    connective tissue
  12. connective tissue surrounds and protects the________, and supplies________and _______
    • gland
    • nerves
    • vessels
  13. What structure surrounds the whole salivary gland?
  14. What structure divides the gland into larger lobes and smaller lobules?
  15. true or false. lobules are larger than lobes
    false, lobes are larger than lobules
  16. the septum divides the gland into larger_______and smaller________
    • lobes
    • lobules
  17. a group of secretory cells that look like a cluster of grapes
  18. the collection pipe for all of the secretions before they leave the duct
    lumen of acini
  19. a single layer of secretory cells group together around the____________
  20. only has 'sticky' secreting cells
    mucous acini
  21. only has 'watery/wet' secreting cells
    serous acini
  22. has both 'sticky' and 'wet' secreting cells
    mucoserous acini
  23. What are 3 major salivary glands we discussed?
    • parotid
    • submandibular
    • sublingual
  24. What percent of total saliva does the parotid gland produce?
  25. What type of saliva does the parotid gland secrete?
  26. What is the duct and opening of the parotid gland?
    • stenson's duct
    • parotid papilla
  27. What percent of total saliva does the submandibular gland produce?
  28. What type of saliva does the submandibular gland secrete?
    mixed serous and mucous
  29. What is the duct and opening of the submandibular gland?
    • Wharton's duct
    • sublingual caruncles
  30. What percent of total saliva does the sublingual gland produce?
  31. What type of saliva does the sublingual gland secrete?
    mixed mucous and serous
  32. What is the duct and opening of the sublingual gland?
    • Bartholin's duct
    • sublingual caruncles
  33. What type of salivary glands are located throughout the mouth in the oral mucosa?
    minor salivary glands
  34. Most of the minor salivary glands produce_________saliva. the exception is the_________ duct which only secretes__________saliva
    • mucous
    • von ebners
    • serous
  35. are minor salivary glands exocrine or endocrine glands?
    exocrine with small and direct ducts
  36. What are 4 clinical considerations of salivary glands?
    • xerostomia
    • mucocele
    • nicotine stomatitis
    • mumps
  37. dry mouth because of decreased production of saliva
  38. What is the usual cause of xerostomia?
    medications - especially radiation treatment to head and neck
  39. true or false. Xerostomia causes increased caries because there's no saliva to rinse the mouth
  40. What is the best fluid to recommend for the patient to sip to keep their mouths wet?
  41. is listorine good to use for pt's with xerostomia? Why or why not?
    no, bcause the alcohol will dry their mouth more
  42. a blocked salvary gland by trauma or a calcified stone (siaolith)
  43. calcified stone
  44. How are mucoceles treated?
    by removing the blockage
  45. a mucocele that occures with the submandibular gland
  46. the heat of smoking inflames the duct opening for minor salivary glands on the palate
    nicotine stomatitis
  47. disease that causes swelling of the salivary glands
Card Set
glands and stuff 1