Biochemistry Exam

  1. Atom
    Basic Unit of Matter
  2. Isotope
    Atoms of the same element that have a different number of neutrons
  3. Compound
    substance formed by the chemical combination of two or more elements in definite proportions
  4. Ionic Bond
    one or more electrons transferred from one atom to another
  5. Ion
    atom that loses an electron and becomes positive, or gains an electron and becomes negative
  6. Covalent Bond
    electrons that are shared between atoms
  7. Cohesion
    attractions between molecules of the same substance
  8. Solute
    dissovled in a solution
  9. Solvent
    substance that dissolves solutes
  10. Acid
    solution contianing mostly hydrogen (H+)
  11. Base
    compound that produces hydroxide ions in a solution (OH-)
  12. Monomer
    small units in compounds that form to make polymers
  13. Polymers
    large molecules that are made from monomers by polymerization
  14. Carbohydrate
    compounds made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxyen
  15. Monosaccharide
    Single sugar molecule
  16. Polysaccharide
    large macromolecules formed from monosaccharides
  17. Lipid
    fats that are not saluable in water
  18. Nucleic acid
    macromolecuels containing hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, carbon, and phosphorus
  19. Nucleotides
    monomers that have 3 parts- 5 carbon sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base
  20. Proteins
    macromolecules that contain nitrogen, carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Polymers of amino acids
  21. Catalyst
    increase the rate in a chemical reaction without undergoing change
Card Set
Biochemistry Exam
Flash cards for the exam