1. What happens when cancer is untreated?
    • Reduced immunity and blood-producing function
    • GI problems
    • Motor snd sensory deficits
    • Decreased respiratory function
  2. Define Cachexia?
    extreme body wasting and malnutrition
  3. Prophylactic surgery
    The removal of 'at risk' tissue to prevent cancer development
  4. Diagnostic surgery
    • Biopsy
    • The removal of all parts of a suspected lesion for exam and testing
  5. Curative surgery
    Focused on removal of all cancer tissue
  6. Cancer control
    Removing part of the tumor and leaving a known amount of gross tumor
  7. Palliative surgery
    Improves quality of life during the survival time and is not focused on the cure
  8. Second-look surgery
    Rediagnosis after treatment
  9. Reconstructive surgery
    Increase function or enhances appearance or both
  10. X - Rays
    radiation hat is generated by a machine
  11. Exposure
    The amount of radiation delivered to a tissue
  12. Radiation dose
    The amount of radiation absorbed by the tissue
  13. R.A.D.
    Radiation Absorbed Dose
  14. Teletherapy
    • Distant therapy
    • Source is external
    • Pt is not radioactive
  15. Brachytherapy
    • Short or close therapy
    • Source is within the pt
    • Pt is radioactive
  16. Chemotherapy
    The treatment of cancer with chemical agents
  17. What is it called when chemo is used with surgery or radiation?
  18. Types of chemotherapy drug classes?
    • Antimetabolites
    • Antitumor antibiotics
    • Antimitotics
    • Akylating agents
    • Toposomerase inhibitors
  19. Define nadir
    The time when bone marrow activity and WBC counts are at the lowest level
  20. Extravasation
    The movement of the IV needle so the drug leaks into the surrounding tissues
  21. Vesicants
    chemicals that damage tissue on direct contact
  22. Cytoprotectants
    agents with drugd that protect specific healthy cells
  23. How is chemotherapy administered?
    • On regular basis
    • Timed to maximize cance cell kills
    • according to pt reesponse to therapy
    • Every 3-4 weeks for a specified # of times
  24. Biological Response Modifier drugs
    Stimulate the immune system to produce cells
  25. Interleukins
    Help immune system recognize and destroy cancer cell
  26. Interferons
    help cancer cells revert to original characteristics
  27. Monoclonal antibioties
    Bind with the cell and prevent cell division
  28. Sepsis
    condition in which organisms enter the bloodstream

    • TX
    • Prevention
    • Iv antibiotics
    • Anticoagulants
    • Cryoprecipitated clotting factor
  29. Septic shock
    Life-threatening result of sepsis and a common cause of death in patients with cancer
  30. SE of Hormonal manipulation
    • Gynecomastia
    • Feminine manifestations in men
    • maculine manifestations in women
  31. Photodynamic therapy
    • Selective destruction of cancer cells through a chemical reaction triggered by different types of laser light
    • Sensitivity to light up to 12 weeks after injected
  32. Gene Therapy
    (Human leukocyte antigen HLA)
    (Cytokines IL-2)
    • ExperimentalMakes tumors mor susceptable to damage or death by other treatments
    • Injects tumor cells with HLA or IL-2 enabling the immune system recognize cancer cells as foreign and kill them
  33. Targeted therapy
    Combination of gene therapy and immunotherapy

    SE allergic reaction in skin, GI tract and mucous membranes
  34. Syndrome of inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone (SIADH)
    Water is reabsorbed to excess by the kidney and put into system circulation

    • Tx
    • Paient safety
    • Restore normal fluid balance
    • Provide supportive care
  35. Spinal Cord Compression (SCC)
    when tumor is on spine

    • Tx
    • Palliative
    • Surgery
    • Corticosteroids
    • Radiation
    • Back and neck braces
  36. Hypercalcemia
    • S/S:
    • Paralytic illus, polyuria,dehydration

    • Tx:
    • Oral hydration
    • NS IV
    • Drug therapy
    • Dialysis
  37. Superior vena cava syndrome
    • When it is suppresed by a tumor
    • Oncologic emergency
    • S/S:
    • Stoke's sign
    • Erythema
    • Epitaxis
    • Edema
  38. Tumor lysis
    • Large # of tumor cells destroyed rapidly
    • positive sign tx is working from chemotherapy or radiation
Card Set
Cancer treatment