ch 11 embryo

  1. structure that produces a chemical secretion
  2. which gland has a duct that allows specific drainage?
    exocrine (salivary glands)
  3. ductless, drains directly into the surrounding tissues or the bloodstream so it can be used anywhere in the body
    endocrine (eNdocrine "NO")
  4. what functions to lubricate and cleanse the mouth?
    salivary glands
  5. where do the enzymes in the saliva that break down food secreted from?
    salivary glands
  6. what functions as a buffer against acidic foods and cariogenic bacteria?
    salivary glands
  7. what functions to mineralize the tooth structure? (minerals/fluoride in saliva)
    salivary glands
  8. has epithelial cells that line the glands and produce saliva are:
    salivary glands
  9. CT surrounds and protects the gland, supplies nerves and vessels, come from:
    salivary glands
  10. ________ surrounds the whole salivary gland
  11. __________ divides the gland into larger lobes and smaller lobules
    septum (in salivary glands)
  12. what is a group of secretory cells called?
  13. what looks like a cluster of grapes in the salivary glands?
  14. single layer of cells group together around a ________, the collection pipe for all ________
    • lumen
    • secretions
  15. what only has MUCOUS secreting cells?
    mucous acini (sticky)
  16. what only has SEROUS secreting cells?
    serous acini (watery saliva)
  17. what are both MUCOUS and SEROUS called?
    mucoserous acini
  18. name the three types of acini:
    • mucous acini
    • serous acini
    • mucoserous acini
  19. what shape is acini?
    cauliflower shaped
  20. what are the three major salivary glands?
    • parotid gland
    • submandibular gland
    • sublingual gland
  21. what percentage of the total saliva is serous in the parotid gland?
    25% ya'll
  22. the stensons duct exits through the _______ _______ of the _______ gland
    • parotid papilla
    • parotid
  23. the total saliva of the submandibular gland is _____% and what kind is it?
    • 65%
    • mucoserous saliva
  24. the wharton's ducts exit through the ________ ________ from the _______ gland
    • sublingual caruncles
    • submandibular
  25. the total of sublingual saliva production is _____%
    what kind of saliva is it?
    • 10%
    • mucoserous saliva
  26. bartholin's duct exits saliva through the _______ ________ from the _________ gland
    • sublingual caruncles
    • sublingual
  27. which salivary glands are located throughout the mouth of the oral mucosa?
    minor salivary glands
  28. which glands are mostly mucous? ______ _______are the only exception, they secrete _______
    • minor salivary glands
    • von ebners
    • serous
  29. minor salivary glands have ________ glands with small and direct ducts
  30. name four clinical considerations of salivary glands:
    • xerostomia
    • mucocele
    • nicotine stomatitis
    • mumps
  31. xerostomia =
    dry mouth (some describe it as cotton mouth)
  32. decreased production of saliva is when someone has __________
  33. xerostomia is usually caused by _________ or _______ to saliva glands, especially ________ treatment to the head and neck
    • medications
    • injury
    • radiation
  34. how can the salivary glands become injured?
    from radiation, the glands will die (so sad)
  35. why does xerostomia increase caries?
    because there is no saliva to rinse the mouth
  36. what are two suggestions to help increase saliva production?
    • sip on water (NOT SODA!)
    • chew sugarless gum, the flavor force you to salivate (whether you want to or not!)
  37. what happens if you kick back with a bottle of listerine for an evening beverage?
    it could cause BLINDNESS!!!
  38. T/F listerine because of its high alcohol content will hydrate the mouth more.
    FALSE!!!! it will dry it out
  39. what is the purpose of alcohol in listerine?
    to dehydrate and kill bacteria
  40. a blocked salivary gland by trauma or calcified stone(__________) is called:
    • siaolith (calcified stone)
    • mucocele
  41. how is a mucocele treated?
    removing blockage, drain that sucker
  42. if a mucocele occurs with the submandibular salivary gland it is called a ________
  43. the heat of smoking inflames the duct opening for minor salivary glands on the palate, this is called:
    nicotine stomatitis
  44. "rana" is latin for frog, which word is this related to?
    ranula (bubblebutt)
  45. T/F a ranula is the same as a mucocele just in a different location
  46. what can be seen with someone with nasty nicotine stomatitis?
    the openings of the minor salivary glands
  47. _______ is a disease that causes swelling of the salivary glands
    mumps (my hump, my lovely lady mump)
  48. mumps is only ________ not ________
    • prevented
    • treated
  49. what are two ways to resolve a mucocele?
    • ultrasound will break them up
    • sour skittles will possibly resolve, with the sweet and sour combo (play a little trick on the mucocele to come out come out wherever you are!)
Card Set
ch 11 embryo
ch 11 glands