having or pertaining to the ability to destroy or interfere with the development of a living organism
One of the two types of topical antimicrobial agent; a chemical that inhibits the growth and reproduction of microorganisms without necessarily killing them.
antibiotics that do not actually kill bacteria but rather inhibit their growth
the designation for a broad, major class of antibiotics that includes four subclasses: penicillins, cephalosporins, carbapenems, and monobactams; so named b/c of the beta-lactam ring that is part of the chemical structure of all drugs in ths class.
any of a group of enzymes produced by bacteria that catalyze the chemical opening of the crucial beta-lactam ring structures in beta-lactam antibiotics
meds combined with certain penicillin drugs to block the effect of beta-lactmase enzymes
the establishment and growth of microorganisms on the skin, open wounds, or mucous membranes, or in secretions without causing adverse clinical signs and symptoms
the administration of antibiotics based on known results of culture and sensitivity testing identifying the pathogens causing infections
one of two types of topical antimicrobial agent; a chemical applied to nonliving objects to kill microorganisms. also called cidal agents
the administration of antibiotic based on the practitioners judgment of the pathogens most likely to be causing an apparent infection; it involves the presumptive treatment of an infection to avoid treatment delay before specific culture info has been obtained