1. What was the purpose of gymnastics in the 17th century?
    Training soldiers in Europe. Skills included horse mounting and bull leaping.
  2. What did the Turnvereine do to promote gymnastics in America?
    Unsatisfied with the lack of physical education in public schools, the Turners sponsored classes for children and adults. The German cultural society also hosted festivals which included gymnastics competitions.
  3. Who is credited with inventing the parallel bars and the horizontal bar?
    German educator Frederich Jahn, who also added pommels to the archaic wooden training horse—inventing the pommel horse.
  4. How many events do male gymnasts compete in today?
    6—horizontal bar or high bar, vault, pommel horse, rings, parallel bars, floor exercise
  5. What are the womens's events in artistic gymnastics?
    balence beam, uneven bars, vault and floor exercise or competition
  6. What is rhythmic gymnastics?
    group and individual performances involving the performers body and dance combined with rope, hoop, ball, clubs, and ribbon
  7. What does the USA Gymnastics regulate? What is FIG?
    the selection and training of US Gymnastics Teams, the promotion and development of gymnastics/gymnastics resources, and the rules/policies that govern the sport of gymnastics throughout the United States. FIG is the International Gymnastics Federation.
  8. Who is Mary Lou Retton? George Eyser? Charles Lakes? Nadia Comenecei? Hartvig Nissen?
    The first American woman to win an all-round Olympic gold in gymnastics was Mary Lou Retton at the 1984 Games in LA. American George Eyser won two gold medals in the 1904 Olympic Games for parallel bars and vault; competiting with a wooden leg. Charles Lakes was the highest-scoring male gymnast for the US at Seoul in 1988, breaking the color barrier until then white-dominated sport. Romanian Nadia Comenecei became the first woman to score a perfect 10 as a 14-year-old at the Montreal Olympics in 1976. Director of the Swedish Health Institute in Washington, Hartvig Nissen taught Ling gymnastics at Harvard, Johns Hopkins, and in the Boston public schools.
Card Set
Early History, International Competitions, Gymnastics Governing Organizations