1. Pluralism:
    • Requires that racial and ethnic categories, although distinct, be given roughly equal social standing.
    • ~U.S. Society is pluralistic in that all people in the US, regardless of race or ethnicity , have equal standing under the law
    • ~U.S. society is not pluralistic in that all racial and ethnic categories do not have equal social standing.
  2. Assimilation is the process by which:
    • minorities gradually adopt the patterns of the dominant culture.
    • ~Assimilation involves changes in dress, language, religion, values, and friends
    • ~Assimilation is a strategy to escape prejudice and discrimination and to achieve upward social mobility
    • ~ some categories of people have assimilated more than others
  3. Segregation:
    • Is the physical and social separation of categories of people.
    • ~Although some segregation is voluntary (for example, the Amish), majorities usually segregate minorities by excluding them from neighborhoods, schools, and occupations.
  4. Genocide:
    • Is the systematic killing of one category of people by another.
    • ~Historical examples; jews by nazis, westernized cambodians by Pol Pot.
    • ~ still happens today b, Rwanda, Serbs killing bosnians, balkans of estern europe.
  5. Pluralism:
    A state in which people of all races and ethnicities are distinct but have equal social standing.
  6. Assimilation:
    The process by which minorities gradually adopt patterns of the dominant culture.
  7. miscegenation:
    biological reproduction by partners of different racial categories.
  8. Segregation:
    The physical and social separation of categories of people.
  9. African Americans:
    experienced two centuries of slavery. Emancipation in 1865 gave way to segregation by law (jim crow law). 1950s and 1960s civil rights movements.
  10. WASPS
    white anglo-saxon protestants. The majority of america.
  11. Scapegoat Theory:
    holds that prejudice springs from frustration among people who are themselves disadvantaged (dollard 1939).
  12. Authoritarian personality Theory:
    People who show strong prejudice toward one minority usually are intolerant of all minorities. Ridgly conform to conventional cultural values and see moral issues as clear-cut matters of right and wrong.
  13. Culture Theory:
    Prejudice is part of the culture in which we all live and learn.
  14. Conflict Theory:
    A tool used by powerful people to justify privilege for themselves but also to oppress others.
Card Set
Test #3