Properties of Living Things
- A. Cellular organization
- B. Order
- C. Sensitivity (aka "irritablity'')
- D. Growth, development, reproduction
- E. energy utilization
- F. Evolutionary adaptation
- G. Homeostasis
- H. Complexity
- 1. Cellular level
- 2. Organismal level
- 3. Population (ecological) level
Core Themes of Biology
- A. Cell Theory
- B. Theory of Molecular Inheritance
- C. Theory of Evolution
single-celled organisms with little internal structure
- Domain-Bacteria and Archaea
organisms composed of a complex, organized cell or multiple complex cell
Plantae, Fungi, Animalia, Protista
Compartmentalized cell organelles
All cells have a..
All matter is made of small, indivisible..
Types of matter composed of only one type of atom
If # protons > # electrons
If # Protons < # electrons
Composed of two or more types of atoms together in fixed proportions
Formed when charge differences sticks groups of atoms together (ionic bond) in an orderly, repeating arrangement
- Ionic compounds
- e.g. sodium chloride
- e.g. calcium phosphate
Cells are predominantly made of..
Formed when electron sharing stick specific atoms together (covalent bond) to form a ..
If a reaction gives off more energy than it takes in..
If a reaction takes in more energy than it gives off..
Dipole, has a positive and negitive end
water is attracted to..
- A. Ions
- B. Charged molecules
- C. Other polar molecules; such things are hydrophilic ("water loving")
in___ solutions [H3O+] > [OH-]
In ____ Solutions [H3O+] < [OH-]
Bases added to acids will produce..
____ is a measure, from 0-14, of the [H3O+]
Carbon forms ___ strong covalent bonds (typically w/ H, O, N, S)
Made up of carbon and hydrogen only