Exam cards

  1. True or False: A burn that involves the epidermis only is called a deep partial-thickness burn.
  2. Pressure ulcers are usually assosicated with skin overlying

    B. bony projections
  3. Injections that are administered into the tissues within the skin are called

    D. intradermal
  4. The blood vessels that supply skin cells are found in the

    C. dermis and subcutaenous layer
  5. The regulation of body temperature is of vital importance because

    D. slight shifts in temperature can disrupt the rates of metabolic reactions
  6. True or False: Three physiological factors that affect the color of the skin are: amount of blood in dermal vessels, carotene in the subcutaneous layer, and various diseases.
  7. True or False: The dermis is very flat compared to the epidermis, which has ridges projecting inward and elevations called papillae.
  8. True or False: The outermost layer of the epidermis is stratum basale and the inntermost layer is stratum corneum.
  9. The skin functions to

    D. all of the above
  10. Which of the following is a characteristic of the person most likely to develop cutaneous carcinoma?

    D. all of the above
  11. Epidermal cells are supplied with nutrients from blood vessels located in the

    B. dermis
  12. Skin cells play an important role in the production of

    D. vitamin D
  13. True or False: The secretion of the sebaceous gland is called sebum.
  14. Cutaneous carcinomas are most commonly caused by exposure to

    C. UV light
  15. Which of the following is a normal response to excessive loss of body heat in a cold environment?

    D. all of the above
  16. Skin cancer cells are most likely to develop from

    A. nonpigmented epithelial cells
  17. True or False: Hair color is determined by the amount of keratin protein produced during keratinization.
  18. Acne is a disorder involving the

    B. sebaceous glands
  19. As cells are pushed from the deeper portion of the epidermis toward the surface

    B. they die
  20. Which of the following is not a method for helping prevent pressure ulcer formation?

    C. maintaining one body position
  21. Which if the following is NOT correct concerning the skin?

    C. the subcutaneous layer is between the dermis and epidermis
  22. The main functions of melanocytes is to

    C. protect deeper cells from sunlight
  23. The cells that produce the shaft of hair are

    A. epithelial cells
  24. Cutaneous melanomas seems most commonly caused by

    B. relatively short exposure to high intensity sunlight
  25. Eccrine sweat glands

    B. respond primarily to elevated body temp
  26. True or False: Carcinomas appear most often in the skin of the neck, face, and scalp.
  27. The subsutaneous layer is located

    D. beneath the dermis
  28. The nerve fibers scattered throughout the dermis are associated with

    D. all of the above
  29. True or False: When the body temp drops below normal, dermal blood vessels are likely to dilate.
  30. The dermis is composed largely of

    C) a. fibrous connective tissue
  31. True or False: In healthy skin, the production of epidermal cells is closely balanced with the loss of skin cells.
  32. True or False: The major blood vessels that supply the skin are located between the dermis and epidermis.
  33. When smooth muscles in the walls of dermal blood vessels contract

    A. body heat is conserved
  34. True or False: Bone cells are arranged in concentric circles around the osteonic canals.
  35. True or False: A mucus-secreting goblet cell would be an example of a unicellular gland.
  36. True or False: The tissue that constitutes the outermost layer of the skin is a type of connective tissue.
  37. True or False: A skeletal muscle fiber contains many nuclei.
  38. True or False: Vacular tissue is composed of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets that are suspended in a fluid intercellular matrix called plasma.
  39. True or False: General characteristics of muscle tissue are that it conducts nerve impulses from one neuron to another and coordinates body activities.
  40. True or False: Bone cells are called osteocytes.
  41. True or False: A nerve cell can also be called a neurological cell.
  42. Which if the following cell types are least likely to reproduce?

    A. skeletal muscle cells
  43. The muscle tissue that can be consciously controlled is

    B. skeletal
  44. Of the four major types of membranes, the one consisting of fibrous connective tissue overlying loose connective tissue is

    D. synovial membrane
  45. Tendons and ligaments are composed primarily of

    B. fibrous connective tissue
  46. The tissue through whic gases are exchanged between the blood and the air in the lungs is

    D. simple squamos epithelium
  47. Which of the following is not one of the four basic types of body tissue?

    C. brain tissue
  48. A carcinoma is a cancer originating from

    B. epithelium
  49. Which of the following is not a characteristic of nerve tissue?
    a. it's found in the brain, spinal cord and nerves
    c. it contains cells that respond by transitting impulses
    c. its intercellular spaces are filled with collagen
    d. functional cells are senstivie to changes in their surroundings
    c. its cellular spaces are filled with collagen
  50. A basement membrane occurs between

    A. epithelial and connective tissue
  51. Epithelial tissue functions in

    D. all of the above
  52. The tissue that forms the inner lining of the respiratory passage is

    D. all of the above
  53. Bone cells are arranged in concentric circles around longitudinal tubeds called

    A. osteonic canals
  54. Reticuloendothelial tissue is composed of cells that are

    B. phagocytic
  55. About 90% of all cancers originate from

    A. epithelium
  56. When cardiac muscles are damaged by a heart attack, they are usually replaced by

    A. connective tissue cells
  57. Membranes lining body cavities that lack openings to the outside are called

    B. serous
  58. Smooth muscle is found in the wall of

    C. the stomach and intestine
  59. True or False: Enzymes are proteins that promote specific chemical reactions
  60. True or False: Vitamins are substances that cannot be synthesized in sufficent quantities by human cells.
  61. True or False: Oxidation is a process by which bonds between the atoms of molecules are formed.
  62. True or False: A metabolic pathway is a particular sequence of enzyme-controlled reactions.
  63. True or False: An ATP molecule consists of adenine, a ribose, and three phosphates.
  64. True or False: During anaerobic phase of respiration, pyruvic acid is changed to glucose.
  65. The ozidation that occurs during cellular respiration differs from burning in that the respiration

    B. utilizes enzymes to start the process
  66. Enzymes

    D. all of the above
  67. If a strand of DNA molecule contained the base sequence C T A G C, the complementary strand would be

    B. G A T C G
  68. Ketone bodies are produced as a by-product of

    C. fat metabolism
  69. If a DNA strand has the organic base sequence T T A C G A, the corresponding base sequence of mRNA would be

    D. A A U G C U
  70. Anabolic metabolism includes

    A. constructive processes by which substances are synthesized
  71. The process of copying DNA info into the structure of mRNA is called

    C. transcription
  72. When ketones are present in excess, a person may develop

    A. acidosis
  73. In dehydration synthesis of a large carb,

    C. monosaccharides are joined together
  74. A mutation is a

    B. change in the DNA molecule, which changes the protein that will be formed
  75. The reactions of anaerobic respiration occur in the

    A. cytoplasm
  76. Phenylketonuria results from the inability to metabolize

    D. an amino acid
  77. Which of the following is a mutagen?

    C. both UV light and X-ray
  78. The enxyme catalase acts on the substrate

    B. hydrogen peroxide
  79. During the process of protein synthesis, amino acids are positioned in the proper sequence by molecules of

    B. tRNA
  80. DNA replication

    D. all of the above
  81. Which of the following substances increases in amount during cellular respiration?

    C. ATP
  82. The transfer of genetic info from the nucelus into the cytoplasm is a function of

    D. mRNA
  83. When a sucrose molecule is decomposed to yield a glucose molecule and a fructose molecule,

    C. a water molecule is used
  84. True or False: A cell that secretes a large quantity of proteins would have a larger number of lysosomes for this function.
  85. True or False: A lysosocome is an example of a cellular organelle.
  86. True or False: Osmosis is a special case of diffusion.
  87. True or False: The anaphase of mitosis involves centromeres seperating and duplicating parts of chromosomes becoming separated.
  88. True or False: Mitochondria function to manufacture proteins.
  89. True or False: A 5% solution of glucose is isotonic to human cells
  90. True or False: During the metaphse of mitosis, chromosomes line up between the two centrioles.
  91. True or False: Cytoplasm occurs between the cell membrane and the nuclear envelope of a cell.
  92. Tay-Sachs disease involves a cellular defect in

    D. lysosomal enzymes
  93. Endoplasmic reticulum is a

    D. network of inerconnective membranes
  94. Differentiation seems to result from different

    A. cell info being "turned on" in different cells
  95. Vesicles are formed by an action of the

    D. cell membrane
  96. Ribosomes are composed largely of protein and

    C. RNA
  97. The tendency for cancer cells to have abnormalities in cellular structures is called

    D. anaplasia
  98. The decrease in skeletal muscle size following a prolonged period of inactivity is most closely associated with the activity of

    B. lysosomes
  99. Movement of molecules through a membrane by filtration depends upon the presence of

    B. hydrostatic pressure
  100. Mitochondria function to

    C. release energy from glucose molecules
  101. If a solution outside of a cell contains a greater concentration of dissolved particles than the contents of the cell, the solution is said to be

    B. hypertonic
  102. Chemo usually makes use of drugs that affect the cancer cell's

    A. DNA molecules
  103. Because of mitosis and cytoplastmic division, the resulting cells contain
    a. identical chromosomes
    b. identical DNA info
    c. both identical chromosomes and DNA info
    d. neither identical chromosomes nor DNA info
  104. Which of the following cellular processes requires the greatest expenditure of cellular energy?

    C. active transport
  105. A nucleolus is composed largely of

    D. RNA and lipid
  106. If the concentration of glucose in the water outside of a cell is higher than the concentration inside

    A. water will leave the cell by osmosis
  107. Which of the following processes involves the use of specific carrier molecules?

    B. dialysis
  108. During metaphase, chromosomes

    B. line up between the centrioles
  109. During hemodialysis, if the concentration of glucose in the blood is higher than the concentration of glucose in the dialyzing fluid,

    C. glucose concentration of the dialyzing fluid will increase
  110. Which of the following is isotonic to red blood cells?

    A. .9% NaCl solution
  111. Membrane proteins function as

    D. all of the above
Card Set
Exam cards
Anatomy and Physiology A Exam