Chapters 12 and 13

  1. Gene Cloning
  2. Restriction enzymes
  3. restriction fragments
  4. DNA ligase
  5. Restriction Fragments
  6. nucleic acid probe
  7. gene therapy
  8. PCR
  9. Gel electrophoresis
  10. repetitive DNA (tandem repeats)
  11. STR analysis
  12. RFLP
  13. genomics
  14. Applications of DNA technology
  15. benefits and risks of gene therapy in humans
  16. What is the process of PCR
  17. how does gel electrophoresis sort proteins in DNA profiling
  18. Differences between RFLP and STR analyses
  19. why is genome sequencing important
  20. bacteriophages
    • bacterial virus
    • also called phages
  21. hershey and chase
    American biologists alfred hershey and martha chase who, in 1952, performed a convincing set of experiments that showed that DNA is genetic material of a virus called T2.

    they used simple tools to break apart and tag things with radioactive isotopes to label and find things in DNA.
  22. watson and crick
  23. nucleotides
    small polymers or chemical units in DNA and RNA (nucleic acid)
  24. deoxyribose
  25. thymine
  26. DNA replication
  27. semiconservative DNA polymerases
  28. DNA ligases
  29. adenine
  30. cytosine
  31. guanine
  32. translation
    initiation, elongation, termination
  33. transfer RNA
  34. anticodon
  35. ribosomes (rRNA)
  36. point mutations
  37. base deletions/substitutions
  38. silent mutations
  39. virus
  40. emerging viruses
  41. who did the experiment that showed DNA is made of hereditary material?
  42. who demonstrated and put together a model that DNA is a double helix?
  43. name all the nitrogenous bases of DNA and be able to give a compliment of each base for DNA replecation
  44. describe the process of DNA replication and repairing of DNA
  45. list the locations in cells of transcription and translation in protein synthesis
  46. explain the process of DNA transcription and describe how transcription is different from replication.
  47. explain how eukaryotic RNA is processed before leaving the nucleus
  48. when given the DNA template strand, be able to provide the nucleotide complimentary base pairing of mRNA.
Card Set
Chapters 12 and 13
genetics chapters