Which Millenium Development Goals are focused specifically on health?
- MDG 4 - Reduce child mortality
- MDG 5 - Improve maternal health
- MDG 6 - Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
How do you describe /define a specific population?
- Geographical location, culture, gender, ages, ethnicity, religion.
- E.g., The Australian aboriginal people in the northwest of Western Australia, women of child bearing age (16-50)
What are 2 sources of epidemiology data that you would use to describe the health of a specific population?
- Life Expectancy
- Incidence or prevalence of disease
- Choose 2 of these and know the data for your specific population.
What is the influence of cultural traditions and habits within the group that contribute to the health issues experienced by your specific population?
- Influence on norms...
- Influence on beleifs about health care
- Influence on values which can influence attitudes
- Influence empowerment (especially of women)
- other examples....?
Using Ottawa charter as a guide suggest 2 actions that would enhance the health of a specific population.
Choose 2 action areas (public policy, supportive environments, community action, personal skills, re-orient health services) and suggest one action from each. E.g., workshops to build personal skills and a change to legislation. Then give specific examples or descriptions of what these would look like.
What are three approaches of public health advocacy?
- Coalition building - making partnerships with other groups who share your concern.
- Political lobbying - influencing decision maker such as government, political figures etc
- Media advocacy - raise awareness, get attention for your cause.
What is bilateral aid?
Aid given from the government of one country to the government of another country.
Give an example of negotiation that would be required in a health promotion setting.
Discussion by a community when deciding priorities for intervention, end of life decision making, cognitive dissonance, conflicts between norms of specific groups and popular norms.
What is a Statute law?
A law made by parliament. It is more commonly known as an Act of Parliament, or legislation. Governments pass laws in order to regulate conduct. The courts then have a key role in enforcing laws made by parliament
What is a regulation?
An Act of Parliament can become too bulky if all the necessary details are included within it. To cope with this problem, a number of Acts have provision for the making of 'subsidiary legislation'. These are called statutory rules or regulations.
What three types of specific regulations exist?
- 1. Registrations
- 2. Licensing
- 3. Certification
What is a Policy?
Policies are not laws. Governments these days produce mountains of policies, guidelines, strategies, codes of practice…etc. However, the government is not responsible to uphold to these policies. They are mainly written as a general guide for government officers or commercial operators. Administrative policies such as these can be used in arguments to prompt action being taken however; they have no force of law (ie statutory force). Although, policies can also be given legal force by being incorporated into licence or permit conditions.
What factors cause inequity of yur specific population?
- Choose one or several of the following:
- living conditions
- access to health care
- social gradient
- level of education
Why does Australia need healthcare system reforms?
- To reduce the gap between rich and poor
- To increase access to health care for those lowest on the social gradient
- To reduce inequity in life expectancy of different populations within australia
- To ensure the health system adequately meets the needs of the NHPA's
- To reduce waiting lists and hospital overcrowding
What are the skills for health literacy?
Being able to locate, interpret and evaluate health information, analysing risks and benefits.
What actions are in place to improve national health priorities?
Health promotion interventions that incorporate education, legislation/policy and create supportive environments. Give a specific example using one of the NHPA's as an example.
Explain decision making in complex health situations.
- Give an example such as organ donation or end of life decision making:
- identification of broad options and perspectives, consideration of the influence of social determinants
- Complex situations will require communication and cooperation skills to be used throughout the decision making process.
How would you critically analyse information for viewpoint, bias, opinion and values?
- Graphic organsier such as a Venn diagram
- Colour coding and matching
- flow charts or mind maps