this hormone stimulates the liver to change glycogen to glucose
glucagon opposes the action of
because glucagon opposes the action of insulin, it is a treatment for
hormone produced by pancreas
hormone that clears sugar (glucose) from the blood
how does insulin clear sugar from the blood?
it helps by storing sugar as carbohydrates instead (glycogen)
this hormone is actually 2 active iodine-containing hormones
this hormone increases the rate of oxygen comsumption
by increasing the rate of oxygen consumption, thyroid hormone increases the rate of
thyroxine comes from where?
t3 comes from where?
there is only one hormone that comes from the parathyroid gland
parathyroid hormone (PTH)
this hormone regulates calcium balance
where does PTH get the calcium and where does it go?
to the bloodstream (from bones)
parathyroid hormone's relationship to the intestines
enhances absorption of calcium and phosphates in the intestines (causing a rise in blood levels of calcium and phosphates)
PTH relationship to kidneys
conserve blood calcium, increase excretion of phosphates in urine
3 types of steroid hormones from the adrenal cortex
adrenal medulla cells secrete these 2 hormones
epinephrine (adrenaline) and norepinephrine (noradrenaline)
liver converts stored glycogen to glucose
when glucose is low, glucagon stimulates release of ___ from the ___
glucose from the liver
insulin balances this hormone (they are opposites)
ovulation is blocked when this hormone is high