Humanities I Test 3

  1. Paterfamilias
    The dominate Male in the Roman families whose powers over his wife and children were supposedly unlimited, though they were sometimes circumvented in practice
  2. Aeneid
    An epic by Virgil about the hero Aeneas and the founding of Rome Agamemnon Greek king and commander of Greek forces in the Trojan War
  3. Antony
    Roman general under Julius Caesar in the Gallic wars
  4. Aqueducts
    A water supply/channel constructed to bring water to crops
  5. Auxiliaries
    Troops enlisted from the subject peoples of the Roman empire to supplement the regular legions
  6. Caesar
    conqueror of Gaul and master of Italy
  7. Caligula
    Emperor after Tiberius

    Whose uncontrolled passions resulted in manifest insanity; noted for his cruelty and tyranny;

    was assassinated
  8. Carthage
    An ancient city state on the north African coast near modern Tunis
  9. Cicero
    A Roman statesman and orator remembered for his mastery of Latin prose
  10. Cincinnatus
    regarded as a model of simple virtue
  11. Circus Maximus
    A chariot race
  12. Cleopatra
    queen of Egypt
  13. Coloni
    Free tenant farmers who worked as sharecroppers on the large estates of the Roman Empire
  14. Colosseum
    a large amphitheater
  15. Consuls
    highest civil and military magistrates
  16. Describe the geography of Carthage.
  17. Equestrians
    • A group of wealthy men who worked in the late Roman Republic who were effectively barred from high office but sought political power commensurate with their wealth
    • Named: many gotten start from cavalry officers
  18. Essenes
    a Jewish religious group that flourished
  19. Etruscans
    a native or inhabitant of ancient Etruria
  20. Five Good Emperors
    a dynasty of seven consecutive Roman Emperors, who ruled over the Roman Empire
  21. Name the seven "the Five Good Emperors"
    Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, Marcus Aurelius, Lucius Verus, and Commodus
  22. Hadrian
    • Five Good Emperors,
    • son of trajan
  23. Hannibal
    general who commanded the Carthaginian army in the second Punic War… defeated
  24. Horace
    poet said to have influenced English poery
  25. Juno
    queen of the Olympian gods who protected marriage
  26. Latfundia
    Large Land Estates in the Roman Empire
  27. Livy
    historian who linked empire to traditions of republican past
  28. Marcus Aurelius
    • Five Good Emperors nephew and son-in-law and adoptive son of Antonius Pius
    • Roman emperor
  29. Meditations
    is the title of a series of personal writings by Marcus Aurelius setting forth his ideas on Stoic philosophy.
  30. Metamorphoses
    A narrative poem in fifteen books that describes the creation and history of the world
  31. Minerva
    Goddess of Wisdom
  32. Mithra
    Ancient Persian god of light and truth; sun god
  33. Nero
    Roman Emperor notorious for his monstrous vice and fantastic luxury
  34. Octavian
    • emperor
    • defeated Mark Antony and Cleopatra at Actium
  35. Pantheon
    Temple to all the gods
  36. Paterfamilias
    The dominate Male in the Roman families
  37. Paul of Tarsus
    the Apostle Paul
  38. Pax Romana
    “Roman Peace”
  39. Pharisees
    a member of an ancient Jewish sect noted for strict obedience to Jewish traditions
  40. Phoenicians
    a member of an ancient Semitic people who dominated trade in the first millennium B.C.
  41. Pompey
    Roman general and statesman who quarrelled with Caesar and fled to Egypt where he was murdered
  42. Populares
    “favoring the people”
  43. Praetorian guard
    The Military guard that served as the personal body guard to the roman empire.
  44. Princeps
    “first citizen”
  45. Sadducees
    a member of an ancient Jewish sect around the time of Jesus; opposed to the Pharisees
  46. Scipio Africanus
    Roman general who commanded the invasion of Carthage in the second Punic War and defeated Hannibal at Zama
  47. Social War
    a war waged from 91 to 88 BC between the Roman Republic and several of the other cities in Italy, which prior to the war had been Roman allies for centuries
  48. Sulla
    a Roman general and politician, having the rare distinction of holding the office of consul twice as well as the dictatorship
Card Set
Humanities I Test 3