Why is oxygen used in Electron Transport Chain?
Diffuses very easily
What are the 4 complexes of Electron Transport Chain?
I. NADH dehydrogenase complex
II. Succinate dehydrogenase complex
III. Cytchrome bc1 complex
IV. Cytochrome oxidase complex
What do uncouplers prevent and how?
They prevent ATP formation by disrupting the proton gradient.
How many molecules of ATP are formed for each NADH that runs through the ETC?
What are an Isoprenoids?
5 carbon molecule
What are lipids?
Organic molecules that dissolve in hydrophobic solvents.
What are the lipid classes
What is the difference between monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids?
Mono - one double bond
Poly- two or more double bonds
What are essential fatty acids?
Our body doesn't make then and we obtain through diet
What are nonessential fatty acids?
Can be made by metabolic synthesis
What is saponification?
Chemically base hydrolysis
What is a glycolipid?
A sugar and a fat
What is facilitated diffusion?
Molecules moving through a protein channel in the membrane
What is simple diffusion?
Molecules move through a membrane down a concentration gradient.