Art History Final Vocab

  1. Hiberno-Saxon
    A new style of art formed from a fusion of Celtic, Roman, Germanic, and Norse cultures
  2. Insular
    of or relating to the art and craftwork of Britain and Ireland in the early Middle Ages, esp. a form of Latin handwriting
  3. Barbarian
    Term used by the ancient Greeks and Romans to label all foreigners outside their cultural orbit (e.g. Celts, Goths, Vikings)
  4. fibula
  5. Gospel book
    Decorated manuscript of gospels
  6. Evangelist
    Writers of the Four Gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke, John)
  7. recto
    right page
  8. verso
    left page
  9. Parchment
    Writing surface made from treated skins of animals.
  10. manuscript
    Handwritten book of document
  11. illumination
    A painting on paper or parchment used as an illustration or decoration in manuscripts or albums.
  12. Miniature
    Illustrations within albums or manuscripts or intimate portraits.
  13. folio
    an individual leaf of paper or parchment, numbered on the recto or front side only, occurring either loose as one of a series or forming part of a bound volume.
  14. Charlemagne
    king of the Franks 768–814 and Holy Roman Emperor (as Charles I) 800–814; Latin name Carolus Magnus; known as Charles the Great. As the first Holy Roman emperor, Charlemagne promoted the arts and education, and his court became the cultural center of the Carolingian Renaissance.
  15. Carolingian
    of or relating to the Frankish dynasty, founded by Charlemagne's father (Pepin III), that ruled in western Europe from 750 to 987.
  16. Louis the Pious
    • He was also King of the Franks and co-Emperor (as Louis I) with his father, Charlemagne,
    • from 813. As the only surviving adult son of Charlemagne, he became the
    • sole ruler of the Franks after his father's death in 814, a position
    • which he held until his death, save for the period 833–34, during which
    • he was deposed.
  17. Charles the Bald
    Grandson of Charlemagne
  18. Monasticism
    of or relating to monks, nuns, or others living under religious vows, or the buildings in which they live
  19. Rule of St. Benedict
    a book of precepts written by St. Benedict of Nursia for monks living communally under the authority of an abbot.
  20. Ottonian
    a dynasty of Germanic Kings (919-1024), named after its first emperor but also known as the Saxon dynasty after the family's origin. regarded as the first dynasty of the Holy Roman Empire, as successors of the Frankish Carolingian dynasty and Charlemagne, who is commonly viewed as the founder of the Holy Roman Empire.
  21. Bernward of Hildesheim
    the Bishop of Hildesheim from 993, until his death in 1022. Associated with the Bernward Doors at St. Mary's Cathedral
  22. Pilgrim
    a person who journeys to a sacred place for religious reasons.
  23. Pilgrimage
    a journey to a place associated with someone or something well known or respected
  24. relic
    A venerated object associated with a saint or martyr
  25. reliquary
    A container, often made of precious materials, used as a repository to protect and display relics.
  26. Cult of relics
    Church that housed relic(s)
  27. ambulatory
    The passage (walkway) around the apse in a basilican church or around the central space in a central-plan building.
  28. Compound piers
    • clustered column or pier which consists of a centre mass or newel,
    • to which engaged or semi-detached shafts have been attached, in order
    • to perform (or to suggest the performance of) certain definite
    • structural objects, such as to carry arches of additional orders, or to support the transverse or diagonal ribs of a vault,
  29. tympanum
    The area over a door enclosed by an arch and a lintel, decorated w/sculpture or mosaic.
  30. Archivolt
    A molded band framing an arch, or a series of stone blocks that rest directly on the columns.
  31. lintel
    A horizontal element of any material carried by two or more vertical supports to form an opening.
  32. Jamb
    The vertical element found on both sides of an opening in a wall, and supporting an arch or lintel.
  33. trumeau
    A column, pier, or post found at the center of a large portal or doorway, supporting the lintel.
  34. historiated
    Displaying a figural composition of a narrative scene.
  35. flying buttress
    A projecting support built against an external wall. In Gothic architecture, an arched bridge above the aisle roof that extends from the upper nave wall
  36. Lancet
    A tall, narrow window crowned by a sharply pointed arch.
  37. rib vault
    An arched masonry structure that spans an interior space. Ribs demarcate the junctions of a groin vault. Ribs may function to reinforce the groin, or be purely decorative.
  38. Book of Hours
    A private prayer book, containing a calendar, services for the canonical hours, and sometimes special prayers.
  39. Cloister
    An open space within a monastery, surrounded by an arcaded or colonnaded walkway, often having a fountain or garden.
  40. Rayonnant
Card Set
Art History Final Vocab
art history vocabulary