Chapter8910111213reviewApril

  1. True or False
    The adult skeleton consists of 206 separate bones
    True
  2. True or False
    Bones of the appendicular skeleton form the brain case and the vertebral column
    False
  3. Which is not part of the appendicular skeleton?



    C. Parietal Bones
  4. The term sinus, as it relates to bone markings, may be defined as a:



    D. cavity within a bone
  5. Mastoiditis is the inflammation of a sinus within which bone(s)?



    C. Temporal
  6. A fontanel can best be described as a(n):



    D. unossified area in the infant's skull
  7. The skeletal framwork of the neck consists of:



    A. cervical vertebrae
  8. The number of thoracic vertebrae is:



    A. 12
  9. Metacarpal bones formt he framework of the:



    C. hand
  10. A hunchback appearance of the thoracic region is probably caused by:



    A. lordosis
  11. First seven pairs of ribs that attach directly to the sternum
    a. body b. false ribs
    c. floating ribs d. manubrium
    e. true rib f. xiphoid process
    g. costal cartilage
    e. true rib
  12. Eleventh and twelfth ribs, which have no attachment to the sternum
    a. body b. false ribs
    c. floating ribs d. manubrium
    e. true rib f. xiphoid process
    g. costal cartilage
    c. floating rib
  13. Middle part of the sternum
    a. body b. false ribs
    c. floating ribs d. manubrium
    e. true rib f. xiphoid process
    g. costal cartilage
    a. body
  14. Most superior part of the sternum
    a. body b. false ribs
    c. floating ribs d. manubrium
    e. true rib f. xiphoid process
    g. costal cartilage
    d. manubrium
  15. the blunt, cartilaginous lower tip of the sternum
    a. body b. false ribs
    c. floating ribs d. manubrium
    e. true rib f. xiphoid process
    g. costal cartilage
    f. xiphoid process
  16. The five pairs of ribs that do not attach directly to the sternum
    a. body b. false ribs
    c. floating ribs d. manubrium
    e. true rib f. xiphoid process
    g. costal cartilage
    b. false ribs
  17. The material that attaches the rib, directly or indirectly, to the sternum
    a. body b. false ribs
    c. floating ribs d. manubrium
    e. true rib f. xiphoid process
    g. costal cartilage
    g. costal cartilage
  18. True or False
    Syndesmotic joints have hyaline cartilage at articular surfaces
    False
  19. True or False
    Synchondrotic joints between the ribs and the sternum allow for expansion of the chest cavity during breathing
    True
  20. True of False
    Condyloid (ellipsoidal) joints are biaxial joints in which one bone fits into a depression on another bone
    True
  21. True or False
    As a group, gliding joints are the least movable of the synovial joints
    True
  22. What are the most movable joints in the body?



    C. Synovial joints
  23. Menisci are:



    C. fibrocartilage pads
  24. Moving a body part away from the medial plane of the body is called:



    D. abduction
  25. The type of movement that increases the angel between body parts is:



    A. extension
  26. Tilting the foot upward, decreasing the angel between the top of the foot and the front of the leg, is called:



    A. dorsiflexion
  27. Deterioration of the nucleus pulposus results in:



    D. a "slipped disk"
  28. Thin layer of cartilage covering the articulating surfaces of teh bones
    a. articular cartilage b. synovial membrane
    c. joint cavity d. menisci
    e. joint capsule f. ligaments
    g. bursae
    a. articular cartilage
  29. Closed pillowlike structures formed from synovial membrane
    a. articular cartilage b. synovial membrane
    c. joint cavity d. menisci
    e. joint capsule f. ligaments
    g. bursae
    g. bursae
  30. Small space between two articualting bones
    a. articular cartilage b. synovial membrane
    c. joint cavity d. menisci
    e. joint capsule f. ligaments
    g. bursae
    c. joint cavity
  31. Secretes a lubricating fluid into the joint capsule
    a. articular cartilage b. synovial membrane
    c. joint cavity d. menisci
    e. joint capsule f. ligaments
    g. bursae
    b. synovial membrane
  32. Pads of fibrocartilage between articulating bones
    a. articular cartilage b. synovial membrane
    c. joint cavity d. menisci
    e. joint capsule f. ligaments
    g. bursae
    d. menisci
  33. Strong cords of dense white connective tissue that help stabilize a joint
    a. articular cartilage b. synovial membrane
    c. joint cavity d. menisci
    e. joint capsule f. ligaments
    g. bursae
    f. ligaments
  34. Sleevelike extension of the periosteum of each of the articulating bones in a joint
    a. articular cartilage b. synovial membrane
    c. joint cavity d. menisci
    e. joint capsule f. ligaments
    g. bursae
    e. joint capsule
  35. The covering of individual muscle fibers is the:



    B. endomysium
  36. Muscles that contract at the same time as the prime movers are called:



    D. both a and b
  37. Muscles may be named according to:



    D. all the above
  38. When an athlete injures the Achilles Tendon, the injury is on the:



    B. posterior lower leg
  39. True or False
    A fixator muscle can be seen as another thpe of synergist muscle
    True
  40. True or False
    The sternocleidomastoid muscle is an example of a muscle named by the number of heads
    False
  41. Skeletal muscles constitute approximately ____ of our body weight



    B. 50%
  42. An aponeurosis could be described as a:



    D. flat sheet of conective tissue connecting muscle to other structures
  43. A muscle that assists with mastication is the:



    B. masseter
  44. True or False
    The respiratory, digestive, circulatory, excretory, and endocrine systems all contribut to the ability of muscles to maintain poster
    True
  45. Muscles that directly oppose prime movers



    D. antagonists
  46. Muscles that play the major role in accomplishing a particular movement



    B. prime movers
  47. Muscles that contract at the same time as the prime mover, producing a more effective movement



    B. synergists
  48. Muscles that help maintain posture or balance during contraction of muscles acting on joints in the arms and legs



    C. fixators
  49. gluteus maximus
    a. neck b. back
    c. chest d. abdominal wall
    e. shoulder f. upper arm
    g. forearm h. buttocks
    i. thigh j. leg
    h. buttocks
  50. biceps brachii
    a. neck b. back
    c. chest d. abdominal wall
    e. shoulder f. upper arm
    g. forearm h. buttocks
    i. thigh j. leg
    f. upper arm
  51. trapezius
    a. neck b. back
    c. chest d. abdominal wall
    e. shoulder f. upper arm
    g. forearm h. buttocks
    i. thigh j. leg
    b. back
  52. pectoralis major
    a. neck b. back
    c. chest d. abdominal wall
    e. shoulder f. upper arm
    g. forearm h. buttocks
    i. thigh j. leg
    c. chest
  53. adductor magnus
    a. neck b. back
    c. chest d. abdominal wall
    e. shoulder f. upper arm
    g. forearm h. buttocks
    i. thigh j. leg
    i. thigh
  54. pronator teres
    a. neck b. back
    c. chest d. abdominal wall
    e. shoulder f. upper arm
    g. forearm h. buttocks
    i. thigh j. leg
    g. forearm
  55. external oblique
    a. neck b. back
    c. chest d. abdominal wall
    e. shoulder f. upper arm
    g. forearm h. buttocks
    i. thigh j. leg
    d. abdominal wall
  56. deltoid
    a. neck b. back
    c. chest d. abdominal wall
    e. shoulder f. upper arm
    g. forearm h. buttocks
    i. thigh j. leg
    e. shoulder
  57. sternocleidomstoid
    a. neck b. back
    c. chest d. abdominal wall
    e. shoulder f. upper arm
    g. forearm h. buttocks
    i. thigh j. leg
    a. neck
  58. gastrocnemius
    a. neck b. back
    c. chest d. abdominal wall
    e. shoulder f. upper arm
    g. forearm h. buttocks
    i. thigh j. leg
    j. leg
  59. draw(s) the eyebrows together, producing vertical wrinkles (frowning)
    a. buccinator b. corrugator supercilii
    c. epicranius d. orbicularis oculi
    e. ptertgoid f. sternocleidomastoid
    b. corrugator supercilii
  60. causes sideways movement during mastication
    a. buccinator b. corrugator supercilii
    c. epicranius d. orbicularis oculi
    e. ptertgoid f. sternocleidomastoid
    e. pterygoid
  61. creates smile expression
    a. buccinator b. corrugator supercilii
    c. epicranius d. orbicularis oculi
    e. ptertgoid f. sternocleidomastoid
    a. bucinator
  62. raise(s) the eyebrows (surprise)
    a. buccinator b. corrugator supercilii
    c. epicranius d. orbicularis oculi
    e. ptertgoid f. sternocleidomastoid
    c. epiranius
  63. flex(es) the head (prayer muscle)
    a. buccinator b. corrugator supercilii
    c. epicranius d. orbicularis oculi
    e. ptertgoid f. sternocleidomastoid
    f. sternocleidomastoid
  64. close(s) the eye
    a. buccinator b. corrugator supercilii
    c. epicranius d. orbicularis oculi
    e. ptertgoid f. sternocleidomastoid
    d. orbicularis oculi
  65. True or False
    A triad consists of a T-tubule sandwiched between sacs of the sarcoplamic reticulum
    True
  66. The chief function of the T-tubles is to:



    D. allow for electrical signals to move deepter into the cell
  67. True or False
    Actin, troponin, and tropomyosin are present on the thick myofilament
    False
  68. True or False
    When the sarcomere contracts, the I-bands become smaller
    True
  69. True or False
    The difference between red and white fibers is the amount of glycogen
    False
  70. Bundles of fine fibers that extend lengthwise along muscle fibers are called:



    B. myofibrils
  71. Thick myofilaments extend the length of the:



    A. a-band
  72. The neurotransmitter(s) secreted at the motor end plates of skeletal muscles is/are:



    C. acetylcholine
  73. The first event to occure in mucle relaxation is:



    C. the sarcoplasmic reticulum begins actively pumping calsium back into its sacs
  74. All of the following are true cahracteristics of an isometric contraction except:



    D. movement is produced
  75. protien that has active sites for corss-bridge heads
    a, troponin b. myosin
    c. actin d. T-tubules
    e. ATP f. calcium
    g. cross-bridges
    h. tropomyosin i acetylcholine
    c. actin
  76. by energizing these structures, chemical energy is converted to mechanical energy
    a, troponin b. myosin
    c. actin d. T-tubules
    e. ATP f. calcium
    g. cross-bridges
    h. tropomyosin i acetylcholine
    g. cross bridges
  77. the stimulus to contract the muscle is carried inside the muscle by this structure
    a, troponin b. myosin
    c. actin d. T-tubules
    e. ATP f. calcium
    g. cross-bridges
    h. tropomyosin i acetylcholine
    d. T-tubules
  78. protein that directly prevents the formation of cross-bridges in the sarcomere
    a, troponin b. myosin
    c. actin d. T-tubules
    e. ATP f. calcium
    g. cross-bridges
    h. tropomyosin i acetylcholine
    h. tropomyosin
  79. Chemical released by the motor neuron that initiates the stimulus for a muscle contraction
    a, troponin b. myosin
    c. actin d. T-tubules
    e. ATP f. calcium
    g. cross-bridges
    h. tropomyosin i acetylcholine
    i. acetylcholine
  80. muscle contraction compound that supplies the energy
    a, troponin b. myosin
    c. actin d. T-tubules
    e. ATP f. calcium
    g. cross-bridges
    h. tropomyosin i acetylcholine
    e. ATP
  81. ion that is released by the sarcoplasmic reticulum
    a, troponin b. myosin
    c. actin d. T-tubules
    e. ATP f. calcium
    g. cross-bridges
    h. tropomyosin i acetylcholine
    f. calcium
  82. protein that has cross-bridge heads that pull on the thin fiber
    a, troponin b. myosin
    c. actin d. T-tubules
    e. ATP f. calcium
    g. cross-bridges
    h. tropomyosin i acetylcholine
    b. myosin
  83. protein that has receptor sites for an ion that causes it to change shape and pull another protein away fromthe recepotor sites on the actin
    a, troponin b. myosin
    c. actin d. T-tubules
    e. ATP f. calcium
    g. cross-bridges
    h. tropomyosin i acetylcholine
    a. troponin
  84. True or False
    the afferent nervous system consists of all outgoing motor pathways
    False
  85. True or False
    Ependymal cells engulf and destroy microbes and cellular debris in inflammed or degenerating brain tissue
    False
  86. True or False
    Most injuries to the brain and spinal cord cause permanent damage
    True
  87. The part of the nervous system that transmits impulses from the CNS to the skeletal muscle is the



    B. somatic nervous system
  88. the myelin sheath is formed by:



    C. neuron cell bodies
  89. Gray matter in the brain and spinal cord consists primarily of:



    D. cell bodies
  90. During a relative refractory periord:



    B. the action potential can be initiated with a stron stimulus
  91. A synaptic knob would be located on a(n):



    C. axon
  92. when an impulse reaches a synapse:



    B. chemical transmitters are released
  93. True or False
    If a skeletal muscle moved, it would be responding to the somatic nervous system
    True
  94. consists of the brain and spinal cord
    a. afferent division b. autonomic nervous system
    c. central nervous system d. efferent division
    e. parasympathetic div. f. peripheral nervous
    g. somatic nervous h. sympathetic div
    c. central nervous system
  95. consists of nerves that lie in the periphery of the nervous system
    a. afferent division b. autonomic nervous systemc. central nervous system d. efferent divisione. parasympathetic div. f. peripheral nervous
    g. somatic nervous h. sympathetic div
    f. peripheral nervous
  96. PNS subdivision that transmits incoming information from the sensory organs to CNS
    a. afferent division b. autonomic nervous system
    c. central nervous system d. efferent division
    e. parasympathetic div. f. peripheral nervous
    g. somatic nervous h. sympathetic div
    a. afferent
  97. produces the fight or flight response
    a. afferent division b. autonomic nervous system
    c. central nervous system d. efferent division
    e. parasympathetic div. f. peripheral nervous
    g. somatic nervous h. sympathetic div
    h. sympathetic
  98. subdivision that carries information from the CNS to skeletal muscles
    a. afferent division b. autonomic nervous system
    c. central nervous system d. efferent division
    e. parasympathetic div. f. peripheral nervous
    g. somatic nervous h. sympathetic div
    g. somtaic
  99. subdivision of the efferent division that transmits information to smooth and cardic muscles & glands
    a. afferent division b. autonomic nervous system
    c. central nervous system d. efferent division
    e. parasympathetic div. f. peripheral nervous
    g. somatic nervous h. sympathetic div
    b. autonomic
  100. consists of all the outgoing motor pathways
    a. afferent division b. autonomic nervous system
    c. central nervous system d. efferent division
    e. parasympathetic div. f. peripheral nervous
    g. somatic nervous h. sympathetic div
    d. efferent
  101. sometimes called the rest and repair division
    a. afferent division b. autonomic nervous system
    c. central nervous system d. efferent division
    e. parasympathetic div. f. peripheral nervous
    g. somatic nervous h. sympathetic div
    e. parasympathetic
  102. True or False
    The central nervous system includes all of the nervous system except the peripheral nervous system
    True
  103. True or False
    Cerebrospinal fluid circulates in the subarachnoid space of the meninges
    True
  104. True or False
    Peripheral motor neuron cell bodies are located in the dorsal root ganglia of the spinal nerves
    False
  105. True or False
    The four large, fluid-filled spaces within the brain are called ventricles
    True
  106. The layers of the meninges that serves as the inner periosteum of the cranial bone is the:


    B. dura mater
  107. The innermost layer of the meninges is the:


    B. pia mater
  108. Cerebrospinal fluid is found in all of the following except the:



    C. subdural space
  109. If the ventral nerve root of a spinal nerve were destroyed, a person would lose:



    B. will movement related to that pathway
  110. The brainstem does not include the:



    C. cerebellum
  111. The cerebellum perfomrs all of the following functions except:



    C. control skeletal muscle to maintain balance
  112. when someone close to you dies, you feel a sens of sorrow among other emotions. Your ability to experience emotion is the result of the:



    B. limbic system
  113. William was recently involved in a serious car accident. As a result he has had difficulty controlling his skeletal muscles and maintaining his balance. What part of the nervous system was most likely damaged:



    C. cerebellum
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Chapter8910111213reviewApril
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A&P Chapter review 8,9,10,11,12,13
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