Age of Jefferson Vocabulary.txt

  1. Louisiana Purchase
    This is the purchase that Jefferson made with Napoleon that doubled the size of the United States, it was a bit controversial due to the Constitution not stating the government can purchase territories.
  2. Napoleon Bonaparte
    The emperor of France during Jefferson�s administration, he imposed the Milan and Berlin decrees, putting pressure on American commerce.
  3. Toussaint l�Ouverture
    He is the slave leader of the slave revolt in Haiti that caused many problems with Napoleon�s dream of empire in America.
  4. Lewis & Clark
    They are two of the most famous explorers that Jefferson sent to explore the Louisiana territory, they explored a large part of the northwest and documented its geography.
  5. John Marshall
    He is the chief Justice of the Supreme Court from about 1801 to 1835; he was an ardent Federalist, ruling in support of centralization and federalists ideals. He was also able to make the judiciary branch coequal with the other two branches of government.
  6. Judicial Review
    This is the concept that the Supreme Court is able to rule if an act of congress is constitutional or not, can nullify acts of congress.
  7. Marbury vs. Madison
    This is a landmark case in which Judicial Review was firmly established, the case had to do with Marbury not getting his commission from Madison.
  8. Aaron Burr
    He was Jefferson�s running mate during the election of 1800; he had a bad relationship with Hamilton, which led to Burr killing Hamilton in a duel. Burr was tried for treason in the �Burr conspiracy� he tried to invade New Orleans.
  9. Quids
    A one pound sterling or a portion of something.
  10. Barbary Pirates
    Pirates who raided ships in the Mediterranean collecting money for protection for the Barbary States (Morocco, Algiers, Tunis, and Tripoli).
  11. Neutrality
    The state in which a nation is neutral in a conflict.
  12. Impressment
    The practice of enlisting American citizens to the British navy.
  13. Blockade
    This is to prevent any trade occurring in a certain region, basically cutting it off from supplies.
  14. Chesapeake-Leopard Affair
    An incident in which the British navy fired at the American ship Chesapeake and took away four men, the navy was looking for deserters.
  15. Embargo Act 1807
    An act that prohibited trade with any nation, it was passed due to tensions with France and Great Britain.
  16. James Madison
    The third president and Jefferson�s secretary of state, he is the father of the constitution.
  17. Macon�s Bill #2 1810
    This act opened trade to all nations but it allowed the president to stop trade with any nation that interfered with American commerce.
  18. Non-Intercourse Act 1809
    This act reopened trade with all nations except Great Britain or France.
  19. Tecumseh
    He is a Native American leader that was able to forge alliance with tribes to fight the white settlers on their land, prevent further white expansion.
  20. William Henry Harrison
    He is the appointed governor of Indiana that brutally enforce Jefferson�s ideal of assimilating the Natives to white culture and gain more land.
  21. Battle of Tippecanoe
    A fight that Harrison provoked, he was able to drive off the natives and he and his men burned down Prophetstown. This disillusioned many Natives.
  22. War Hawks
    A term given to those in favor of war with Great Britain.
  23. Henry Clay
    An ardent nationalist and war hawk that became Speaker of the House in the House of Representatives in 1811, he plays a large role in politics in the next four decades, when the differences between the North and South become very apparent.
  24. John C. Calhoun
    Another nationalist and war hawk, he was appointed by Clay to the Committee on Foreign affairs. He also played a role in the national politics of the next decades.
  25. War of 1812
    A war fought between the United States and Great Britain, fought to a stalemate.
  26. Old Ironsides
    A name given to a American navy boat.
  27. Battle of Lake Erie
    This is a battle in which an outgunned American navy was able to defeat a British fleet and take control of Lake Erie.
  28. Oliver Hazard Perry
    He was the youthful commander of the Battle of Lake Erie.
  29. Battle of Thames River
    This is a notable battle in which Harrison pushed up the river; it was notable for Tecumseh�s death.
  30. Thomas Macdonough
    He was a commander that was assigned to cruise the lakes between the U.S. and Canada.
  31. Battle of Lake Champlain
    Led by Macdonough, the U.S. was able to defeat a British fleet on Lake Champlain, finishing the British invasion.
  32. Francis Scott Key
    The lawyer that wrote the �Star Spangled Banner� during the bombardment of Fort McHenry.
  33. Andrew Jackson
    �Old Hickery� He was a general in the state militia that won important victories, and destroyed the natives.
  34. Battle of Horseshoe Bend
    This is a battle in which Jackson defeated the Creek nation and slaughtered the men, women, and children.
  35. Creek Nation
    A tribe in the southwest that was attacking white settlers near the Florida border that were defeated by Jackson.
  36. Battle of New Orleans
    This is a battle in which Jackson stopped British advancement up the Mississippi River, causing mass casualties to the British.
  37. Treaty of Ghent 1814
    • This is the treaty that ended the War of 1812, it did nothing important but end
    • the fighting and gave the U.S. small territorial concessions.
  38. Hartford Convention 1814
    This is a convention of Federalists who considered seceding from the U.S.
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Age of Jefferson Vocabulary.txt
Age of Jefferson