Bacteria Bio 110

  1. Thermophiles
    Heat loving Bacteria
  2. Cyanobateria
    Light capturing, and releases oxygen as plants do. (PHOTOSYNTHECTIC PROCESS)(not multi cellular)
  3. Archeans
  4. Methanogens
    Methane producing, use anarobic respiration (they produce greenhouse gasses)
  5. Extremehalophytes
    Salt Lovers
  6. Extreme Thermophyles
    living in Very Hot environments. They exist in extreme springs and hydrothermal vents.
  7. Protist
    • The simplest eukaryotes
    • -they have a nucleus
    • -Liniage is tremendously diverse, more than one origin (comb liniage, ambiguous relationship in liniage)
    • -Most are single celled, clonial members and multi cellular members.
    • -Heterotrophic; Autotrophic ; Mixotrophic
    • -Free Living vs. parasite (that live inside of host)
  8. Protist organization and nutrition A.
    • Zygote-> Meiosis -> Spores -> (mitosis) -> Single cells or Multicelled -> Gametes-> Fertilization
    • (blue= diploid)
    • (green=haploid)
  9. Protist organization and nutrition B.
    • Zygote-> (mitosis)-> Multicelled -> Meiosis-> Spores-> (mitosis)-> Multicelled body -> gametes->Fertilization
    • (blue= diploid)
    • (green=haploid)
  10. Protist organization and nutrition C.
    • Zygote-> (mitosis)-> Single cell or multicelled body-> meiosis-> Gametes-> fertilization
    • (blue= diploid)
    • (green=haploid)
  11. Protist Reproduction
    • They produce with binary fission (a-sexual reproduction) if they are happy
    • -in less favorable conditions the protist will produce sexually (making new combos of traits to make environment more adaptable)
    • -if conditions are horrible, they are walled, non-motile protected structures (cyst)
  12. Flagellated Protozoans
    • Represents a lineage of single, un-walled cells with one or more flagella
    • -entirely or mostly heterotrophic
    • -Pellicle; layer of protein (elastic) (that helps the cell retain their shape)
  13. Anarobic Flagellates
    • have multiple flagella
    • -live in poor waters
    • -lack typical mitochondria
    • -produce ATP through anarobic respiration
  14. Diplomonads (giardia)
    Exist in bad drinking water and sucks nutrients out of organs
  15. Trypanosomes
    • Flagellated protozoans
    • -that have a single large mitochondria
    • (primarily parasites, prey on bacteria, or invade body of plants and animals)
  16. Foraminiferans
    • -Single celled protist
    • -Calcium & Carbonated Shell
    • -Important for our Ocean, helps maintain the oceans acidity level low
    • -Clifts of Dover
  17. Ciliates
    • -Highly diverse heterophytes
    • -8000 known species
    • -Presence of cilia
    • -Hair like projection that eat in Synchrony for movement and feeding
  18. Binary Fission
  19. Conjugation
  20. Dinoflagellates
    • Single celled protist with 2 flagella
    • movement = Whorlling flagellates
    • reproduce=asexually and in adverse environment produce sexually
    • The two cells combined form cyst to exchange genetic material
    • 1/2 heterotroph
    • 1/2 autotroph -Some are free living
    • - some live inside other organisms
    • (ex: Coral + Dinoflagellates
    • coral offer protection and dinoflagellates offer sugars from photosynthesis)
    • -Some are bio-luminescent
  21. Stramenopiles
    • Straw haired
    • -consist of photosynthetic cells
    • single celled or colonial
    • Two part cilica shell made out of glass
    • shells accumulate on sea floor over time
    • used for products such as (filters, cleaning, and repellant )
  22. Multicelled Brown algae
    • Live in temperate or cool seas
    • can exist from anywhere from microscopic filaments or giant kelp
    • Kelp= Nutrition/ medicinal properties / used as fertilized
  23. Green Algae
    • Informal 7000 species of photosynthetic
    • I. Clorophytes
    • II. Charophytes = Single celled, colonial, multicelled
  24. Red Algae
    • Tropical warm environments
    • most are multi-cellular
    • and many have great commercial value
    • ex: Agar comes from cell wall of red algae
    • cosmetic purposes
  25. Red and Green algae
    ...Derrived from a common ancestor that had chloroplast derived from siano bacteria
Card Set
Bacteria Bio 110