1. prominent, bulging bones behind the frontal bone; forms the top sides of the cranial cavity
    parietal bone
  2. form the lower sides of the cranium and part of the cranial floor; contain the middle and inner ear structures
    temporal bone
  3. thin, flaring upper part of temporal bone
    squamous portion
  4. rough-surfaced lower part of the temporal bone posterior to the external auditory meatus
    mastoid portion
  5. wedge-shaped process that forms part of the center section of cranial floor between the sphenoid and occiptal bones.
    petrous portion of temoral bone
  6. protuberance just behind ear
    mastoid process of temporal bone
  7. mucosa-lined, air filled spaces within the mastoid process
    mastoid air cells
  8. tube extending into the temporal bone from the external ear opening to the tympanic membrane
    external acoustic meatus
  9. projection that articulates with the zygomatic bone
    zygomatic process
  10. oval shaped depression anterior to the external acoustic meatus; forms the socket for the condyle of the mandible
    mandibular fossa
  11. slender spike of bone extending downward and forward from the undersurface of the bone anterior to the mastoid process
    styloid process
  12. forehead bone; also forms most of the roof of the orbits and the anterior part of cranial floor
    frontal bone
  13. arched ridge just below eyebrow; forms the upper edge of the orbit
    supraorbital margin of frontal bone
  14. cavities inside the bone just above supraorbital margin; lined with mucosa; contains air
    frontal sinuses of frontal bone
  15. smooth area between the supercillary ridges and above the nose
    glabella of frontal bone
  16. forms the posterior part of the cranial floor and walls
    occipital bone
  17. hole thru which the spinal cord enters the cranial cavity
    foramen magnum
  18. convex, oval processes on wither side of the foramen magnum; articulate with depressions on the first cervical vertebra
    occipital condyles
  19. prominent projection on the posterior surface in the midline a short distance above the foramen magnum; can be felt as a definite bump
    external occipital proturberance
  20. keystone of the cranial floor; forms its midportion; resembles a bat with wings outstreched. lies behind and slightly above the nose and throat; forms part of the floor and sidewalls of the orbit
    sphenoid bone
  21. lateral projections from the body; form part of the outer wall of the orbit
    greater wings of sphenoid bone
  22. thin, triangular projections from the upper part of the sphenoid body; form posterior part of the roof of the orbit
    lesser wings of sphenoid bone
  23. saddle-shaped depression on the upper surface of the sphenoid body; contains the pituitary gland
    sella turcica
  24. irregular mucosa lined, air filled spaces within the central part of the sphenoid
    sphenoid sinuses
  25. complex irregular bone that helps make up the anterior portion of the cranial floor, medial wall of the orbits, upper parts of the nasal septum, and sidewalls and part of the nasal roof; lies anterior to the sphenoid and posterior to nasal bones
    ethmoid bone
  26. offactory nerves pass thru numerous holes in this horizontal plate
    cribriform plate
  27. meninges attach to this process
    crista galli
  28. forms the upper part of the nasal septum
    perpendicular plate
  29. honeycombed, mucosa lined air spaces within the lateral masses of the bone
    ethmoid sinuses
  30. help form the lateral walls of the nose
    superior and middle nasal conchae(turbinates)
  31. forms lower and posterior part of nasal septum; shaped like the blade of a plough
  32. upper jaw bones; form part of the floor of the orbit, anterior part of the roof of the mouth, and floor of the nose and part of the sidewalls of the nose
  33. large, air filled cavity within body of maxilla; lined with mucous membrane; largest of paranasal sinuses
    maxillary sinus
  34. hole on external surface orbit; transmits vessesl and nerves
    infraoribtal foramen
  35. cheekbones; form part of floor and sidewall of eye orbit
    zygomatic bone
  36. form posterior part of the hard palate, floor, and part of the sidewalls of the nasal cavity and floor of orbit
    palatine bone
  37. thin platelike bones; posterior and lateral to nasal bones in medial wall of eye orbit; help form sidewall of nasal cavity
    lacrimal bone
  38. pair of small bones that form the upper part of bridge of nose
    nasal bones
  39. thin scroll of bone forming shelf along inner surface of sidewall of nasal cavity; lies above roof of mouth
    inferior nasal conchae
  40. lower jawbone; largest, strongest bone of the face
  41. main part of the bone; forms the chin
    body of the mandible
  42. process, one on either side, that projects upward from the posterior part of the body
  43. part of each ramus that articulates with the mandibular fossa of the temporal bone
    condylar process
  44. juncture of posterior and inferior margins of ramus
  45. name the 4 cranial sutures
    • squamous-along edge of temporal bone
    • coronal-between parietal&frontal bones
    • lambdoid-between parietal&occipital bones
    • sagittal-between R/L parietal bones
  46. 7 bones that form the orbits
    • frontal-roof
    • ethmoid-medial wall
    • lacrimal-medial wall
    • sphemoid-lateral wall
    • zygomatic bone-lateral wall
    • maxilla-floor
    • palatine-floor
  47. the air sinuses
    • frontal
    • sphenoidal
    • ethmoidal
    • maxillary
  48. main part of vertebra, flat round mass located anteriorly
  49. short projections extending posteriorly from the body
  50. posterior part of the vertebra to which pedicles join and from which processes project
  51. formed by the pedicles and laminae; protects the spinal cord posteriorly.
    neural arch
  52. congential absence of one or more neural arches
    spina bifida
  53. sharp process projecting inferiorly from laminae in the midline
    spinous process
  54. right and left lateral projections from laminae
    transverse processes
  55. project upward from laminae
    superior articulating processes
  56. project downward from laminae; articulate with superior articulating processes of vertebrae below.
    inferior articulating processes
  57. hole in the center of the vertebra formed by union of the body, pedicles, and laminae
    spinal foramen
  58. opening between the vertebra thru which the spinal nerves emerge
    intervertebral foramina
  59. what are the 2 primary curves
    • thoracic
    • sacral
  60. what are the 2 secondary curves
    • cervical
    • lumbar
  61. what 3 bones make up the thorax
    • sternum
    • ribs
    • thoracic vertebrae
  62. how many pairs of ribs are there
    • 12
    • 1-7 true ribs
    • 8-10 false ribs
    • 11-12-floating ribs
  63. projection at the posterior end of rib; articulates with corresponding thoracic vertebra.
  64. constricted portion just below head of rib
  65. small knob just below the neck of rib; articulates with the transverse process of the corresponding thoracic vertebra, missing in lowest 3 ribs
  66. main part of a rib
  67. 3 bones that make up the coxal(pelvic) bone
    • ilium-largest
    • ischium-strongest
    • pubis-most anterior
  68. large hip bone; with the sacrum and coccyx, forms the basinlike pelvic cavity
  69. upper, flaring portion of coxal bone
  70. lower, posterior portion of coxal bone
  71. medial, anterior section of coxal bone
  72. hip socket; formed by union of ilium, ischium, and pubis
  73. upper, curving boundary of the ilium
    iliac crest
  74. prominent projection at the anterior end of the iliac crest
    anterior superior iliac spine
  75. less prominent projection short distance below anterior superior spine
    anterior inferior iliac spine
  76. at the posterior end of the iliac crest
    posterior superior iliac spine
  77. just below the posterior superior spine
    posterior inferior iliac spine
  78. large notch on the posterior surface of the ilium just below the posterior inferior spine
    greater sciatic notch
  79. large, rough, quadrilateral process forming the inferior part of the ischium; when sitting the body rest on these.
    ischial tuberosity
  80. pointed projection just above the ischial tuberosity
    ischial spine
  81. part of the pubis lying between the symphysis and acetabulum; forms upper part of the orbturator foramen
    superior pubic ramus
  82. part extending down from symphysis; unites with the ischium
    inferior pubic ramus
  83. curve formed by the two inferior rami
    pubic arch
  84. angle formed under the inferior pubic rami; larger in women
    subpubic angle
  85. upper margin of the superior ramus
    pubic crest
  86. rounded process at the end of the pubic crest
    pubic tubercle
  87. large hole in the anterior surface of the coxal bone; formed by the pubis and ischium; largest foramen in the body
    obturator foramen
  88. boundary of the aperture leading into the true pelvis; formed by the pubic crests, iliopectineal lines, and sacral promontary.
    pelvic inlet(brim)
  89. space below the pelvic brim; true "basin"
    true pelvis(lesser pelvis)
  90. broad, shallow space above pelvic brim, or pelvic inlet, part of abdominal cavity
    false pelvis(greater pelvis)
  91. irregular circumference marking the lower limits of the true pelvis; bounded by the tip of the coccyx and two ischial tuberosities
    pelvic outlet
  92. complete bony ring; composed of two hip bones(ossa coxae), the sacrum, and the coccyx
    pelvic girdle(bony pelvis)
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