temp rises= more KE= more collisions= more pressure
Kinetic theory explaination of charles's law?
As temp of gas increases, volume of gas increases.
How do hot air balloons work?
In hot air balloons, the volume increases but not the mass. Since density is a ratio of volume and mass, (M/V=D), when volume increases and mass stays the same, density decresases and the hot air balloon will rise above the more dense air outside. To increase the volume and not the mass, heat up the gas inside the balloon.
What causes gas pressure?
The collision of particles
1 atm, 760 mmHg or 101.3 kPa
When altitute increases, what happens to air pressure?
Explain how a vaccuum cleaner works.
There is low pressure inside a vaccuum, so the higher outside pressure pushes things into the vaccuum cleaner. "Nothing sucks in chemistry"
The energy needed to raise/lower 1 gram of a substance 1 degree Celsius
Do phase changes chage the temperature of a substance?
No. Only once a phase change has occured completely will a temp change. 0 degree ice melts into 0 degree water.
How is the energy taken in/ given off used in a temp change?
to break or form intermolecular attractions
Phase changes happen when ____________ _________ are broken or formed.
What causes higher melting points?
stronger intermolecular attractions
What is the relationship between temperature and vapor pressure?
as temperature increases, vapor pressure increases
What is the difference between evaporation and vapor pressure?
Evaporation- particles at the surface change to gas and leave the container
Vapor pressure- particles turn to gas and are trapped in container, so pressure builds up as the hit walls of container and each other
When does boiling happen?
When vapor pressure equals atmospheric temperature
Boiling and condensation are both __________ processes
How does sweating cool you down?
The particles with the most KE leave the container (skin)
Particles left behind have lower KE/ temp
Which burn is more severe? Steam or water?
Steam because once water reaches 100 degress celsius it cannot get any hotter. Steam gets much hotter.
Formula for KE?
Can different objects in different states at the same temperature have the same KE?
Ex) Water at 25 degrees celsius and copper at 25 degrees celsius have the same KE.
Two qualities of matter?
takes up space
The amount of matter in an object
Formula for the volume of rectangles?
Formula for the volume of circles?
Volume of irregular solids?
When doing an equation for the gas laws, what is one very important thing to remember to do?
Convert temperature to Kelvin!
What happens when hot steam hits a cold solid?
1) The steam's heat is transferred to the solid
2) The steam changes to water
3) Particles slow down= less KE= less pressure and temperature
What are three ways to increase pressure in a bag?
1) heat up bag
2) decrease size of bag
3) increase amount of particles in bag
Chemistry: (3) States of Matter (unit one) Test
kinetic energy, density, heat vs. temp, temp scales, heating/cooling curves, Q problems, units of energy, units of pressure, conceptual problems, combined gas law