Ceratopsian dinosaurs are what type of eaters?
Which type of dinosaurs made up 25% of the fauna in the late cretacious?
Ceratopsian with large spaces in the frill, weak structure;
Ceratopsian with spikes on the frill;
This dinosaur is a bipedal Triceratops
Which type of dinosaurs were discovered in the Gobi Dessert in 1992 ?
Ceratopsians had the stance of a elephant or lizard;
This bone is completely disntinc the Ceratopsia dinosaurs. It is the upper mouth, beak-like bone.
The origin of ceratopsian dinosaurs is?
The late cretacious in Asia
Torosaurus is what
- The large ceratopsian
- Frill is not solid bone.
Frill's on ceratopsian dinosaurs are used for;
- The upper jaw attaches to them,
- Sexual selection,
- Thermal regulation?
Ceratopsian dinosaurs move like;
Ornithopod's have _______ fossil distribution
When were ornithopod's chillin around?
Early jurassic, late cretaceous
Ornithopod's = Ornitichians
When were ornithopod dinosaurs discovered?
1922 teeth from iguanadon discovered in england !
Which type of dinosaurs were excavated in belgium ?
31 sets of iguanadons (ornithopod's)
Ornithopod's have 80+ species and still going
The two sub branches of ornithopod's are;
several walls / rows of teeth are called;
Ceretopsian + Ornithopod dino's have em.
Edmontosaurus was known for ;
duck billed dinosaur
bipedal + quadropod
Put it's younge in it's mouth !
Iguanadon was what type of locomotion?
Could be bipedal or quadropedal, shit had strong forlimbs, can do both maybe? sup
Iguanadon had osified tendons on it's back tail for:
balance, obviosly you retard.
Hands of the igaunadon were unique in what way?
- The thumb was sharp for cutting shit / poking shit like your eyes .
- 5th finger pointed in opposite direction, other middle fingers were hoofs to walk on.
The iguanadon's teeth were
this guy had a set of chompers, that's for surre.
- clearly block of cheeck teeth, dentel battery,
- very strong muslces
Bilateral orientation means;
top connects to bottom everywhere, like our molars do.
- oppositely rotating upper/lower jaw's.
- shit we can't do.
Hadrosaur's had what on their stupid heads?
a big fucking thing forrrr
- -making noise
- -vocal displays
- -mating calls
- -looks cool
- -called a crown
Hadrosaur's crown was
- sexuallly apealing to those perv dino's
- maybe hit shit with it?
Saurapoda are big? or small?
Saurapoda are members of ;
Saurischia were named in the year,
1887 by H. G . Seely
A few features of Saurischia are:
Subnarial foramen - opening beneath nostril area
Elongation of neck, (vertebrate elongation too.) (they had long fucking necks)
Increased articulation beetweeen vertabrate.
Pointy shit on it's Astragulos ( ankle)
Lizard hIp !
Saurischia dinosaurs have which kind of hip?
Sauropodomorpha are considered what among dinosaurs?
GIANT ASS MOTHERFUCKERS.
Sauropod's were successful and live for
160 mil years yo !
Plateosaurus saurapods were cool because?
- -Solid looking thumb claw
- -Herd living
Prosauropod skulls had these characteristics;
- No dental batteries
- Shitty wall of teeth in front of mouth
Prosauropod's were what phylogeny
The basel group of sauropods obviosly
Sauropod initial discoveries;
- Tanzania in 1907
- Huge fucking excavation etc, slaves and what not
In Tanzania which dinosaurs were found:
- Sauropod's obviosly, but
- Bracheosaurus + Borosaurus
Upper Jurrassic Morison Formation in the sates had which dino's discovered there?
The biggest motherfuckers to walk this earth. Besides will bland
Diplodocus dinosaurs tails are
Long , skinny, and act as a whip
Diplodocus dinosaurs teeth are
pencil teeth in the front
The skull of a diplodocus dinosaur is similar to that of which animal?
Giraffe, it's long and narrow.
Camanasaurus's skull is
Short , Stubby..
Saurapod fossil distribution is strong or weak?
Saurapod's lived from and to ?
Late triassic to end of cretatceous..
A long ass time.
What's unique about Saurapod's fossil distribution?
The head + tail + feet are sometimes missing.
Saurapod's liked to live near what ? What was there habitat like?
it was questioned if they lived in the water, because there body was too heavy without the water's bouyance? but it's not true. They just lived near that shit.
Yeah , they did. The western interior was seasonaly dry so saurapods' migrated together or DIED.
What's different about the saurapod's hearT?
- Shits' huge.
- 400kg, Blood pressure high around 600.
What's a saurapod's posture like?
Who's the dinosaur that hits shit with its head?
- • Pachy – thick
- Kephale – head
- Saurus – lizard
Where was patchy discoevered?
Large number of specimens from • China • Mongolia
Shit about patchy
how thick's his head?
- With solid dome, 20 cm thick
- • Snout studded with large, densely packed bumps
- • Animal 8 m long
Patchy's location and number of species?
North america only, over 12+ species
Patchy's braincase is extending in back
What does patchy / stygy eat?
Homalocephale is a version of patchy with a skull that is
Stegoceras is a version of patchy with a skull that is
Sexual dimorphism in patchy,
males have bigger skull/thicker than females
patchy's domes are sexy to tha ladys
Therapoda are found where ?
Where is a therapoda's body in relation to it's hip?
THe body is directly over the hip giving it strong bipedal locomotion
What animal is the therapoda rumored to be related to ?
Mammels only 20% of air makes it to the lungs
birds 40% air makes it into lungs
- giraffe's neck is max length
- saurapoda dino's > giraffe's
What's the basal sauropoda ? and is he bipodal or quadropodal
Prosauropoda , and he's a bipodal small peice of shit
saurapodal dudes are from where
china but then north america and they're quadro's
Saurapoda's trackways are like what?
- Huge , Narrow
- horseshoe shaped
- heel pad
- rare tail dragging marks
Theropoda technically means what?
- "Thero" - Beast
- "Poda" - Foot
What time zones were therapoda in?
Triassic -> Cretaceous
Where were therapoda found?
Therapoda are what stance
Therapoda eat what?
Who discovered therapoda?
Richard Owen, discovered the megalosaurus, and all dino's !
Huxley first suspected what in relation to therapoda?
they're like birds yo!
Smart, huge skull space! nerdy bitch
Coelophysis is what type of dino?
Coelophysis random facts?
- 3m long
- like a velocoraptor from jurassic park
Albertasaurus is frmo where?
Tyranasaurus is from where?
Velocoraptors are ?
Deinonychus did what?
Jumped on shit with their claws, dangerous motherfuckers.
that ugly t-rex version with horny shit on its head developd in its own lineage in gondwananland