History 1301

  1. 1 - Nullification Doctrine
    John C. Calhoun was the most significant proponent of nullification concerning tariffs
  2. 4 - Jackson and the common people
    • a. they eliminated the property qualifications for voting
    • b. there's an increased opportunity to hold office
    • c. he challenged the entrenched office holders
    • d. they gained political power through creating a national nominating convention
  3. 1 - What did Andrew Jackson's inauguration signify?
    The empowerment of a disenfranchised class of Americans
  4. 2 - Eaton affair
    • a. it caused a significant rift between jackson and his cabinet
    • b. especially calhoun
  5. 4 - Jackson's response to nullification
    • a. he strengthened the federal forts in South Carolina
    • b. he ordered a war ship to Charleston, SC
    • c. He sent revenue ships to charleston, sc
    • d. he had congress pass the force bill
  6. 4 -Cherokee movement (reasons why moving them was unfounded)
    • a. they have a formal constitution
    • b. they declared themselves a sovereign nation
    • c. they had a successful farming economy
    • d. they had a sophisticated culture
  7. 4 -bank of the united states (good things it did)
    • a. benefitted the united states by issuing bank notes
    • b. it held government funds
    • c. it restrained state banks
    • d. it provided credit to growing enterprises
  8. 1 - roger taney
    jackson had him reduce the banks influence by moving the federal funds to state banks
  9. 4 - whigs support
    • a. wealthy northeastern industrialists
    • b. wealthy southern planters
    • c. western pro-commerce merchants
    • d. anti-masonic lodge people in new york
  10. 4 -democrats support
    • a. northeastern laborers
    • b. southern planters who don't like industrialization
    • c. western farmers with southern roots
    • d. slaveholders from the south
  11. 4 -panic of 1837
    • a. caused by a presidential order requiring federal land to be paid for by gold or silver coins "specie - gold and silver coins"
    • b. the withdrawal of federal funds from state banks
    • c. removal of foreign money from united states banks
    • d. succession of crop failures
  12. 1 - trail of tears
    the name given to the route the cherokee indians took to the reservation in Oklahoma in 1838
  13. 1. American population in the 1820s and 1830s
    characterized by extensive movement to towns and cities
  14. 4 -Development of the 1840s and 1850s
    • a. there's rapid growth of Northeastern cities
    • b. there's a booming agriculture in the west
    • c. major shipping on the great lakes
    • d. a rise of close economic ties between the northeast and northwest
  15. 4 -irish and german immigrants
    • a. germans tended to settle in the northwest more than the irish did
    • b. germands came over in family groups more than the irish did
    • c. irish tended to have less money than the germans
    • d. the irish settled in eastern cities
  16. 1. nativists
    they believed immigrants were politically corrupt and took jobs away from americans
  17. 1. know-nothing party
    they are formed largely around the idea of passing laws that discriminated against irish-catholics
  18. 1. transportation in the 1830s
    the form of transportation that had the biggest impact is canals
  19. 4. railroads in the 1840s and 1850s
    • a. they found financial support from both private and government sources
    • b. they started consolidating some of the short lines
    • c. truck lines connected many regions together
    • d. they diverted traffic away from rivers and canals
  20. 4. north verses south economy
    • a. the south felt subjugated by the north due to the major newspapers in the north
    • b. most telegraph lines were built in the north instead of the south
    • c. numerous railroads routed traffic away from the mississippi river
    • d. the transportation revolution had more of an impact in the north
  21. 4. business in the 1820s and 1830s
    • a. the growth of business was assisted by the emergence of new incorporation laws
    • b. the rise of specialty stores in the cities
    • c. the specialization of stores
    • d. the improvement of distribution of goods
  22. 1. standard of living
    it's improving for most laborers
  23. 4. blacks in the north
    • a. despite hardships, most blacks still preferred to live in the north
    • b. some blacks were descendents of families who had lived in the north for generations
    • c. africal americans had access to menial jobs, and were paid too little to live off of
    • d. in some cases, black men could not vote in the north
  24. 2. automatic reaper
    • a. invented by cyrus mccormick
    • b. revolutionized farming by making grain production much quicker
  25. 1. Geographic mobility
    in the 1840s and 1850s geographic mobility was more important than social mobility in easing economic tensions
  26. 4. South and industry (reasons why industries weren't developed)
    • a. the people have their money tied up in agriculture
    • b. the agriculture system could be very profitable
    • c. they felt like their climate was less suitable for industry
    • d. distinctly southern values discouraged industry
  27. 1. southern planter class
    they dominated the political, economic, and social life of the region
  28. 4. small farmers in the south
    • a. they owned few, if any, slaves
    • b. they usually have a close relationship with their slaves because they usually work with them
    • c. they have limited access to education
    • d. they have low prospects for social mobility
  29. 4. non slave-owning whites
    • a. they're tied to the slave system because they depend on the plantations/planters for economic favors
    • b. they often relied on planters for credit
    • c. they're often related to a wealthy slave owner
    • d. they generally believe in the southern belief of white racial superiority
  30. 1. race
    the greatest unifying force in the south
  31. 4. slave codes
    • a. it prohibited slaves from having legal rights
    • b. restricted slaves from congregrating together
    • c. courts took action only in major crimes
    • d. they set harsh punishments for crimes by slaves
  32. 4. slave women
    • a. laboring in fields
    • b. child rearing
    • c. cooking
    • d. sometimes acting as a single parent
  33. 1. dangerous tasks
    they usually hire immigrants instead of using slaves
  34. 4. household servants
    • a. didn't like being a household servant because they're isolated from their fellow slaves
    • b. lacked privacy from the watchful eyes of the master's family
    • c. they received punishments more than did other slaves
    • d. they were vulnerable to sexual abuse
  35. 1. Nat Turner's rebellion
    caused a decline in the number of slaves freed in the south
  36. 2. black resistance
    • a. the least common form of resistance was revolt
    • b. the most common form of resistance was running away
  37. 4. slave music
    • a. they sing while they work in the fields
    • b. the creation of musical instruments like the banjo
    • c. music was important in religious ceremonies
    • d. music was a passionate expression of emotion
  38. 1. slave labor (two types)
    task and game system
  39. 1. henry david thoreau
    he argued it was necessary for individuals to practice civil disobedience when laws are unjust
  40. 1. margaret fuller
    she was a leading feminist in transcendentalist
  41. 1. horace mann
    the chief leader in the movement for public education
  42. 1. education system
    despite the flaws in education, by the civil war, america had the highest literacy rate in the world
  43. 1. asylum movement
    they wanted to incorporate the principle of firm, yet humane, treatment to rehabilitate the criminals and the insane
  44. 1. seneca falls
    promoted women's rights
  45. 1. frederick douglass
    most prominent black abolitionist
  46. 1. northern view of abolitionists
    many northerners saw abolitionist as dangerous, fanatical revolutionaries
  47. 1. free soil movement
    the chief objective was to keep slavery and blacks out of the federal territories
  48. 1. uncle tom's cabin
    it's a novel that helped inflame the passions over sectional tensions over slavery
  49. 1. dorothea dix
    began the movement for improvement of how the mentally ill were treated
  50. 1. underground railroad
    an organization of abolitionists who helped runaway slaves find refuge in the north foreign canada
  51. 1. early anti-slavery movement
    one of the movements was colonization of freed slaves in africa
Card Set
History 1301
Test 3