Study Guide Eagan's Chapter 1

  1. Which of the following is NOT an expected role of a respiratory therapist?

    D. selling oxygen therapy devices to patients
  2. Where are the majority of respiratory therapists employed?

    C. hospitals or acute care settings
  3. Who is considered to be the "father of medicine"?
    a. Hippocrates
    g. Galen
    c. Erasistratus
    d. Aristotle
    a. Hippocrates
  4. In 1662, a chemist published a book that described the relationship between gas, volume, and pressure. What was the chemist's name?

    A. Robert Boyle
  5. Who discovered oxygen in 1774 and described it as "dephlogisticated air"?

    C. Joseph Priestley
  6. Who is credited with first describing the law of partial pressures for a gas mixture?

    C. John Dalton
  7. Who was the first scientist in 1865 to suggest that many diseases were caused by microorganisms?

    D. Louis Pasteur
  8. Who discovered the x-ray and opened the door for the modern field of radiology?

    B. William Roentgen
  9. What was the primary duty of the first inhalation therapists?

    C. support oxygen therapy
  10. When did the designation "respiratory therapist" become standard?

    B. 1974
  11. Who was the first to develop the large-scale production of oxygen in 1907?

    A. Karl von Linde
  12. When was the first Ventimask introduced that allows the precise delivery of 24%, 28%, 35%, and 40% oxygen?

    D. 1960
  13. When were aerosolized glucocorticoids for the maintenance of patients with moderate to severe asthma first introduced?

    B. in the 1970s
  14. Which of the following medications has not been delivered as an aerosol by a respiratory therapist?

    D. inotropics
  15. Which two names are linked with the development of the iron lung, which was extensively used to treat polio epidemic in the 1950s?

    C. Drinker and Emerson
  16. Which of the following was one of the first positive-pressure ventilators developed?

    C. Drager Pulmotor
  17. When was positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) first introduced to treat patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome?

    D. 1967
  18. When was synchronized intermittent mandatory ventilation (SIMV) first introduced?

    B. 1975
  19. Who introduced the first laryngoscope, in 1913?

    D. Chevalier Jackson
  20. Who introduced the use of soft rubber endotracheal tubes around 1930?

    C. McGill
  21. In 1846, who developed a water seal spirometer, which allowed accurate measurement of the patient's vital capacity?

    C. Hutchinson
  22. What was the name of the first professional organization for the field of respiratory care?

    C. Inhalation Therapy Association
  23. In what year did the respiratory care professional organization Inhalation Therapy Association (ITA) change its name to American Association for Respiratory Care (AARC)?

    C. 1982
  24. What organization has developed an examination to enable respiratory therapists to become licensed?

    A. National Board for Respiratory Care
  25. Today, respiratory care educational programs in the United States are accredited by what organization?

    B. Committee on Accreditation for Respiratory Care (CoARC)
  26. The majority of respiratory care education programs in the United States offer what degree?

    A. associate's degree
  27. Which of the following is NOT predicted to be a growing trend in respiratory care for the future?

    D. increased use of intravascular lines for patient monitoring
  28. How is the education of respiratory therapists expected to change over the next decade?

    A. increase
Card Set
Study Guide Eagan's Chapter 1
Study Guide Eagan's Chapt 1 for Mr. Grantz