NUTR 108

  1. A lacto-ovo vegetarian would eat all the following except:

    A) red meat
  2. The major role of vitamine E in the body seems to be to:

    B) act as an antioxidant
  3. What happens when the diet is lacking an essential amino acid?

    C) protein synthesis will be limited
  4. The liver:

    B) makes bile for storage in the gallbladder
  5. an excess of intake of any energy nutrient can lead to weight gain/obesity.

  6. The production of glucose from protein or fat is called

    A) gluconeogenesis
  7. The principle carbohydrate in milk is:

    C) lactose
  8. Linolenicand linoleic acids are found primarily in:

    C) vegetable and fish oils
  9. which of the following are formed from the incomplete breakdown of fat when carbohydrate is not available?

    B) ketones
  10. Trace minerals are less important than the major minerals.

  11. Minerals and water are organic and yield energy in the human body.

  12. Water is involved in all of the followint except:

    C) conversion of lipids to amino acids
  13. Which of the following foods would make the greatest contribution to a person's intake of riboflavin?

    B) milk
  14. Among the followint, the best food sources for the water-soluble vitamins are:

    D) oranges and cereals
  15. Almost all (99%) of the calcium in the body is used for:

    B) provide rigidity for bones
  16. Some research suggests that diets high in protein promote _______ excretion.

    A) calcium
  17. The six diet planning principles include:

    C) adequacy, balance, calorie control, moderation, variety, nutrient density
  18. Which of the following fats predominates in the diet and in the body?

    A) triglycerides
  19. Which of the following is the gold standard for high biological protein?

    C) egg
  20. meat, poultry and fish are excellent sources of carbohydrates.

  21. One way to increase the basal metabolic rate is to maximize lean body tissue.

  22. A person must have water in his diet because:

    D) b and c
  23. Zinc is most abundant in foods with high ____ content.

    B) protein
  24. The normal pH of the stomach is:

    B) very acidic
  25. Fat functios in the body to:

    D) all of the above
  26. Nurrients that are digested in the small intestine are:

    D) carbohydrate, fat and protein
  27. Whenever glucose is available, the human brain depends on it as an energy source.

  28. John loves to cook and wants to cut down on his fat intake. Which of the following would you recommend John to do when preparing foods?

    A) a and c
  29. The mineral that is leasr likely to be deficient in anyone's diet is:

    A) sodium
  30. After absorption, the larger fats and fat-soluable vitamins are released into this transport system first.

    C) lymphatic
  31. Protiens differ from the other energy nutrients because they contain:

    A) nitrogen
  32. The liver is the body's major metabolic organ and prepares the absorbed nutrients for use by the rest of the body.

    A) TRUE
  33. When carbohydrate consumption is in excess of body needs, the excess glucose is:

    A) stored as glycogen and fat
  34. Protein is:

    C) made up of combinations of about 20 amino acids
  35. An essential amino acid:

    B) must be supplied by the diet
  36. Basal metabolic reat is lowered by:

    A) loss of lean tissue
  37. Which of the following statements is true regarding nutririon information on foods?

    D) Plain coffee, tea, spices and other foods containing few nutrients are exempt from nutrition labeling requirements
  38. Three important monosaccharides in nutrition are:

    A) fructose, glucose, and galactose
  39. Nutrient density refers to foods that:

    C) delover the highest nutrient values per calories
  40. Which of the folowing health claims linking nutrients and food constituents to disease states in not allowable under the FDA guidelines?

    D) zinc and immune system response
  41. All of the following are considered to be complete proteins except:

    D) grains
  42. This enzume breaks down starch in the mouth:

    C) salivary amylase
  43. The stomach empties into the:

    A) duodenum
  44. Food fiber contributes 4 calories per gram.

  45. all of the following nutrients are organic except:

    A) minerals
  46. Worldwide, the most common mineral deficiency is:

    D) iron
  47. How many calories are provided in a food that contains 20g carbohydrate, 5g protein, and 8g of fat?

    C) 172

    • 20 grams X 4 (each carbohydrate is worth 4)=80
    • 5 grams x 4 (each protein is worth 4)=20
    • 8 grams x 9 (each fat is worth 9)=72
    • 80 + 20 + 72=172
  48. The main function of carbohydrate in the body is to:

    C) furnish the body with energy
  49. current dietary guidelines regarding fat include all of the following except:

    C) polyunsaturated fats should exceed 10% of calories
  50. Thw new Dietary Reference Intakes comprise four sets of values including the RDA, Adequate Intakes Tolerable Upper Intake Levels, and Estimated Average Requirements?

  51. Overconsumption of the fat-soluble vitamins results in:

    A) possible toxicity, due to an accumulation in the body
  52. The digestion of nutrient beging in the ______ans ends in the ________?

    B) mouth ; small intestine
  53. The protein RDA for adults is _______grams per kilogram of body weight?

    C) 0.8
  54. Fats present in the GI tract:

    B) slow down the process of digestion and absorption
  55. Which of the folowing disaccharides is made incorrectly?

    C) glucose + glucose = galactose
  56. Which of the following becomes a major fuel for the body only when the other fuels are unavailabel?

    D) protein
  57. The metabolic breakdown of glucose to pyuvate is called

    B) glycolysis
Card Set
NUTR 108
questions & answers