1. Personality
    the sum total of the typical ways of acting, thinking, and feeling that makes each person different from other people
  2. Traits
    Relatively enduring patterns of behavior (thinking, acting, & feeling) that are relatively cnsistent across situations.
  3. Psychoanalytic Theory
    Freud's theory that the origin of personality lies in the balance among the id, the ego, and the superego.
  4. Conscious Mind
    That portion of the mind of which one is presently aware
  5. Preconscious Mind
    That portion of the mind containing information that is not presently conscious but can be easily brought into consciousness
  6. Unconscious Mind
    The part of the mind of which we can neverbe directly aware; The storehouse of primitive instinctual motives and of memories and emotions taht have been repressed
  7. Repression
    Sigmund Freud's theory that unpleasant information is often pushed into unconsciousness without our being aware of it.
  8. id
    acording to freud, the inborn part of the unconsciousness mind that uses the primary process to satisfy its needs and that acts according to the pleasure principle.
  9. libido
    the energy of the life instincts of sex, hunger, and thirst.
  10. Pleasure principle
    according to freud, the attempt of the id to seek immediate pleasure and avoid pain, regardless of how harmful it might be to others.
  11. Primary Process Thinking
    According to Freud, the attempt by the id to satisfy its needs by forming a wish-fulfilling mental image of the desired object.
  12. Ego
    According to Freud, that part of the mind that uses the reality principle to satisfy the id
  13. Reality Principle
    According to Freud, the attempt by the ego to find safe, realistic ways of meeting the needs of the id.
  14. Superego
    According to Freud, that part of the mind that opposes the desires of the id by enforcing moral restrictions and by striving to attain perfection
  15. conscience
    According to Freud, the moral inhibitions of the superego
  16. Ego Ideal
    According to Freud, the standard of perfect conduct of the superego.
  17. displacement
    a defense mechanism in which the individual directs aggresive or sexual feelings away from the primary object to someone or something safe.
  18. Sublimation
    According to Freud, a form of displacement in which a socially desirable goal is substituted for a socially harmful goal; best form of displacement for society as a whole.
  19. identification
    The tendency to base one's identity and actions on individuals who are successful in gaining satisfaction from life.
  20. Erogenous Zones
    A part of the body that releases sexual energy when stimulated
  21. Psychosexual Stages
    in the personality theory of Sigmund Freud, developmental periods during which the sexual energy of the ids find different sources of satisfaction
  22. Oral Stage
    According to Freud, the first psychosexual stage (from birth to one year), in which id gratification is focused on the mouth.
  23. Oral Dependent Personality
    Personality type in which the person seeks pleasure through overeating, smoking, and other oral means.
  24. Oral aggressive personality
    Personality type in which the person seeks pleasure by being verbally hostile to others
  25. Anal Stage
    According to Freud, second psychosexual stage (from 1 to 3yrs), in which gratification is focused on the anus.
  26. Anal Retentive
    Personality type based on anal fixation, in which the person is stingy, obstinate, stubborn, and compulsive
  27. Anal Expulsive
    personality type based on anal fixation in which the person is creul, pushy, messy, and disorderly.
  28. Phallic Stage
    According to Freud, 3rd psychosexual stage (from 3 to 6yrs), in which gratification is focused on the genitals
  29. Oedipus complex
    According to Freud, unconscious wish of all male children to kill their fathers and sexually posses their mothers
  30. Castration Anxiety
    According to Freud, the fear of a young boy that his father will punish his sexual desire for his mother by removing his genitals
  31. Electra Complex
    According to Freud, transfer of a young girl's sexual desires from her mother to her father after she discovers she has no penis.
  32. Penis Envy
    According to Freud, desire of a girl to posses a penis
  33. Phallic personality
    personality type caused by fixation in the phallic stage in which the person is selfish, impulsive, and lacking in genuine feeling for others.
  34. Latency Stage
    According to Freud, 4th psychosexual stage (from 6 to 11yrs), during which sexual energy is sublimated and converted into socially valued activities.
  35. Genital Stage
    According to Freud, the psychosexual stage (from 11yrs to adulthood), in which sexual and romantic interest is directed towards one's peers.
  36. Extraversion
    According to Jung, tendency of some individuals to be friendly and open to the world
  37. Introversion
    According to Jung, tendency of some individuals to be shy and to focus their attention on themselves
  38. Personal Unconscious
    According to Jung, The motives,conflicts, and information thata re repressed by a person because they are threatening to that individual
  39. Collecting Unconscious
    According to Jung, content of unconscious mind with which all humans are born
  40. Feelings of Inferiority
    According to Adler, feelings that result from children being less powerful then adults that must be overcome during the development of the healthy personality.
  41. Social Learning Theory
    viewpoint that the most important parts of of our behavior are learned from other persons in society-family, friends, and culture.
  42. Recipricol Determination
    Bandura's observation that the individuals behavior and social learning enviroment continually influence one another
  43. Self-efficacy
    According to Bandura, perception of being capable of acheiving ones goals.
  44. Self-regulation
    According to Bandura, process of cognitively reinforcing and punishing our own behavior, depending on whether it meets our personal standards
  45. Situationism
    the view that behavior is not consistent but is strongly influenced by different situations.
  46. Person x situation interactionism
    view that behavior is influeced by a combination of the characteristics of both the person and the situation
  47. Humanistic theory
    Psychological view that human beings posses an innate tendency to improve and to determine their lives through the decisions they make.
  48. inner-directedness
    force that humanists believe all people possess that internally leads them to gro and improve
  49. subjective-reality
    each persons unique perception of reality that, according to humanists, plays a key role in organizing our personalities.
  50. self-concept
    our subjective perception of who we are and what we are like
  51. self
    according to humanists, the person one thinks one is.
  52. ideal self
    according to humanists, the person one wishes one was
  53. Symbolization
    In rogers theory, the process of representing experience, thoughts, or feelings, in mental symbols of which we are aware.
  54. Conditions of worth
    standards used by others or ourselves in judging our worth
  55. Self-Actualization
    According to Maslow, the seldom-reached full result of the inner-directed drive of humans to grow, improve, and use their potential to the fullest.
  56. Interview
    Subjective method of personality assesment that involves questioning techniques designed to reveal the personality of a client
  57. Observational Methods
    Methods of personality assesments that involve watching a person's actual behavior in a natural or simulated situation
  58. Projective test
    test that uses ambiguosstimuli designed to reveal the contents of the clients unconscious mind
Card Set