1. The common cold is a group of minor illnesses caused by?
    almost 200 viruses
  2. stasis of blood flow from immobility, injury to a vessel, or predisposing to clot formation increases the risk of?
    pulmonary enbolism
  3. a collection of air or gas in the pleural cavity, resulting in a collapsed lung.. describes a condition called?
  4. ____ is a destructive disease of the alveoli and the adjaent capillary walls resulting in chronic dyspnea, cough, and the characterisic barrel chest?
  5. ____refers to obstruction diease of the lungs, including chronic bronchitis, asthma, and emphysema.
  6. Treatment of pneumonia includes?
    organisms- specific antibiotics for bacterial pneumonia
  7. T/F: lunge cancer is the most common cause of cancer death worldwide for both men and women?
  8. This disease most often affects young children. It is most common in the midweastern states and occurs during the winter months. Patients will present cold like flue symptons and progress rapidly. Treatment could be inhalation therapy and hospitilization. This describes which disease process?
  9. T/F:
    influenza is transmitted via inhalation of airborne mucous discharge?
  10. A patient present witha deep persistant cough involving thich yellow/gray mucous wheezing and pain in the upper chest wall is suffering from?
  11. T/F:Pulmonary tuberculosis can be spread during the active and inactive phase of the disease?
  12. types of emboli
    bacteria, air, tissue, fat
  13. approx. 75% of pneumonia causes are of bacterial origin?
  14. T/F:isoniazid is the first line of treatment for TB and may also be given to those who have been exposed to the disease?
  15. T/F:Thrombolitic drugs
  16. T/F: the mediastinum contains the heart, great vessels, trachea, esophagus, and the lymph nodes?
  17. The tricuspid valve is located between the left atrium and the left ventricle of the heart?
    false right
  18. the mitral or bicuspid valve is located between the left atrium and ventrical?
  19. the pulmonary veins carry oxygenated blood back to the left atrium from the lungs?
  20. the condition where fat contating substances are depostited on the coronary artery lumen causing a narrowing is?
    coronary artery disease
  21. the procedure where a catherter with a ballon is threaded into the coronary artery and expanded to compress the plaque and widen the lumen is called?
  22. the condition of where the patient experiences chest pain?
    angina pectoris
  23. T/F patients with coronary heart diease always experiences pain?
    false not always?
  24. Myocardial infarction is the death of mycardial tissue caused by achemia?
  25. painless enlargemnt of lymph nodes severe itching fever fatigue is a symptom of?
  26. the patient experiencing crushing chest pain dyspnea buring sensations and saphoress is usually suffering from?
  27. reed sternberg cells in lymatic tissues is a diagnosis of?
    hodgkin disease
  28. symptoms of cardiovascular diease includes?
  29. proper function of the urinary system?
    urinalysis and blood test
  30. the urinary system is responsible for?
    all of the above
  31. CRF is typicallly reversible and has a sudden onset?
    false (ARF)
  32. ARF is typically irreversable and has a gradual onset?
    false CRF
  33. elevated serum creatninte and BUN levels would be a indication of renal failure?
  34. the condition of the kidney caused by pressure from uring that cannot flow past an obstruction in the urinary tract is called?
  35. the treatment of renal calculi might include?
    relief and pain, lithotripsy, surgical intervention, increased fluid intake
  36. Lithotripsy is a procedure used to examine the urinary tract?
  37. pyelonephritis is most common type of kidney diease
  38. weakening of pelvic floor muscles and the urethral structures as a reslut of trauma, children, hormonal changes of aging, obesity or certain medication may precipitate?
    stress incontinence (enuresis)
  39. Dialysis filters out unwanted elements from the blood, usualy removed by healthy kidneys, thus
    the body proper fluid, electrolyes and acid base balice is maintained
  40. cystitis and urethritis are most commonly caused by?
    e. coli
  41. an inherited disorder characterized by multiple cysts causing inlargment of kidneys and renal inpairments?
    polycystic kidney disease
  42. there are various possible causes of male and female infertility including STD?
  43. there is not cure for viral STDS?
  44. Cervical cancer
    had not identifying risk factors, has a vaccination to aid in prevention ( all of above)
  45. the pathologic outcome of endometriosis includeds?
    all of above
  46. benign pancreatic hyperplasia causes?
    a weak streamt of urine with instable empty of the bladder
  47. diagnostic elvaluation for prostatic cancer includes?
    all of the above
  48. the leading cause of death attributed to the female reproductive system
    ovarian cancer
  49. risk factors that place women at a higher risk for cancer of the breast include?
    age diet family history late preg. (ALL OF THE ABOVE)
  50. the absence of menstrual periods, whether temp. or perm. is call dysmenorhea?
  51. epistaxis
    nose bleeds
  52. upper respiratory tract infection
    common cold
  53. laryngitis
    hoarseness and aphonia
  54. hemoptysis
    coughing or spitting up blood
  55. ateleclasis
    collapsed lung
  56. pneumonia
    inflammation of the lungs
  57. trachycardia
    fast or rapid heart beat
  58. bradycardia
    slow heart beat
  59. arteriosclerosia
    hardening of the arteries
  60. atheroclerosis?
    fat deposits
  61. cardiac temponade
    fluid trapped in pericardial sac
  62. congestive heart failure
    inablity of the heart to pump blood efficientlsy to tissue
  63. shock
    collapsed of the cardiovascular
  64. syncope
  65. circumoral cyanosis
    blueness of lips
  66. anerysm?
    weakened dialted vessel walls
  67. staghorn
    stone in shape of renal pelvis
  68. ESWL
    uses shocke wave to break stone
  69. glomerlunephritis
    inflammation and swelling of glomeruli
  70. renin
    increased blood pressure
  71. erythropoietin
    stimuliated red blood cell production
  72. hematura
    blood in urine
  73. oliguria
    small amount of urine excreted
  74. uremic frost
    urea cystalis on skin
  75. cardiac arrest
  76. renal colic
    sudden severe pain
  77. orchitis
    infection of the testes
  78. cericocele
    distned veins of testicles
  79. amenorhea
    absense of menstration
  80. hyperamesis graviderum
    severe morning sickness
  81. influenza is a ver contagious viral infection. an annual booster shot can be received bc disease can reoccur annually there are many strains of viruses that can cause the flu. s/s can include inflammation in the upper and lowere respiratory tract fever or cold like symtoms, to diagnose the flue a throuat culture is taken treament can be an annual sohot to prevent the diease treament with the flu could be rest fluids and drugs
  82. MI is AKA as heart attact it is the death of myocardial tissue caued by isheamimia cause of mi can include family hx of heart attact diet and lifestyle s/s can include chest pain fainting irregular heart beat most of the signs and symptons go unnoticed until there are 75% occlusion of the coronary artery. diagnosis can include patient history. and images of the chest ecg. after calling 911 the person can chew on one 5 grain/ 325 mg aspirin tablet. other treatments can consist of angioplasty, and surgery
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