middle layer of the eye containing many blood vessels
    transparent anterior part of the sclera that lies over the iris
  3. IRIS
    pigmented muscular structure that allows light to pass thru
  4. LENS
    lies directly behind the pupil; focuses and bends light
    carries visual images from the retina to the brain
  6. PUPIL
    opening in the center of the iris
    innermost layer of the eye; contains the vision receptors
  8. SCLERA(white of the eye)
    outer protective layer of the eye
  9. AURICLE(pinna)
    external, visible part of the ear located on both sides of the head; directs sound waves to the external auditory meatus
    passage between the middle ear and the pharynx; equalizes air pressure on both sides of the tympanic membrane.
  11. external auditory meatus(canal)
    short tube ending at the tympanic membrane
  12. inner ear(labyrinth)
    labyrinthlike bony spaces within the temporal bone of the skull that contains a corresponding membranous labyrinth; maintains sense of balance.
  13. middle ear
    consists of the tympanic membrane, eustachian tube, and ossicles
  14. ossicles
    bones of the middle ear(stapes, incus, and malleus) that carry sound vibrations
  15. outer ear
    consists of the auricle and external auditory meatus
  16. tympanic membrane(eardrum)
    semitransparent membrane that separates the external auditory meatus and the middle ear cavity
  17. astigmatism(AST)
    defective curvature of the refractive surfaces of the eye(cornea or lens)
  18. cataract
    clouding of the lens of the eye
  19. detached retina
    separation of the retina from the choroid, or middle coat of the eye
  20. glaucoma
    eye disorder characterized by optic nerve damage usually caused by the abdominal inc. of interocular pressure.
  21. hyperopia
  22. LASIK
    a laser procedure that reshapes the corneal tissue beneath the surface of the cornea
  23. macular degeneration (ARMD)
    a progressive deterioration of the central portion of the retina resulting in a loss of central vision. when caused by the aging process it is referred to as age-related macular degeneration.
  24. myopia
  25. optometrist
    a healthcare professional who prescribes corrective lenses and/or eye exercises
  26. otitis media (OM)
    inflammation of the middle ear
  27. tinnitus
    ringing in the ears
  28. bursa(pl bursae)
    fluid-filled sac that allows for easy movement of one part of a joint over another
  29. ligament
    tough bands of fibrous connective tissue that attach one bone to another
  30. tendons
    band of fibrous connective tissue that attaches muscle to bone
  31. carpal tunnel syndrom (CTS)
    nerve entrapment disorder of the wrist caused by compression of the median nerve.
  32. gout
    disease in which an excessive amount of uric acid in the blood causes sodium urate crystals to be deposited in the joints.
  33. muscular dystrophy (MD)
    group of hereditary diseases characterized by degeneration of muscle and weakness.
  34. nuclear medicine (NM)
    diagnostic imaging test producing scans that give information about the body's anatomy by using radioactive material.
  35. orthopedics (ortho)
    the study and treatment of diseases of the musculoskeletal system.
  36. rheumatoid arthritis (RA)
    a chronic systemic disease characterized by inflammatory changes in the connective tissue throughout the body
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