What is Hypoxia ?
a state of oxygen deficiency in the body
What does hypoxia impair
the brain and other organs
How low is the altitude for hypoxia ?
Mid altitude for hypoxia
12,000 to 15,000 feet
highest mention altitude
Symptoms of hypoxia?
1. sense of well-being
5. judgement impaired
What factors can lead to hypoxia?
1. carbon monoxide inhaled
2. low hemoglobin
3. medication effects
4. extreme heat
5. extreme cold
How can you avoid hypoxia?
enrich the air with oxygen
When is hyperventilation?
subconsciously increasing air breathed in and out during perhapes stressful situations
decrease in carbone dioxide to the lungs
What are symptoms of carbon dioxide?
1. light headness
How can hyperventilating conditions be reverse?
1. breathing in and out of a paper back
2. returning carbon dioxide back to normal
What is carbon monoxide poisoning?
when the blood can no longer carry oxygen
Characteristics of carbon monoxide ?
colorless, ordorless and tasteless gas contained exhaust fumes
How does carbon monoxide poisoning come into the cabin attacking the pilot?
cracks in the exhaust manifold which slips in when the cabin heat is being used
What are the symptoms of carbon monoxide?
headache, drowsiness, dizziness
What action should be taken if the pilot suspects carbon monoxide poisoning ?
1. shut off heater
2. open vents
4. medical treatment
What causes motion sickness
stimulation of the inner ear
What are symptoms of motion sickness?
What actions should be done if experiences motion sickness?
1. loosen clothes
2. open air vents
3. focus outside the plane
4. land as soon as possible
What is ear back?
Eustachian tube in the middle ear is shut down which once opens up is painful and can cause lose of hearing for hours or days
What is the wait period after drinking before flying ?
Nitrogen assoicated with scuba diving and flying when at an altitude of 8,000 feet how much time is needed?
12 hours = no controlled ascent
24 hours = controlled ascent
Nitrogen, scuba diving and flying above 8,000 feet wait periond
What type of hypoxia do pilot experience ?
What type of altitude do pilots experience hypo hypoxia?