"If the statements above are true, which one of the following must also be true?"
"Which one of the following can be properly inferred from the passage?"
Must Be True/ Most Supported
This category is simply known as "Must Be True." Must Be True questions ask you to identify the answer choice that is best proven by the informationin the stimulus.
"The main point of the argument is that"
- Main Point
- Main Point questions are a variant of Must be True questions. As you might expect, a Main Point question asks you to find the primary conclusion made by the author.
"Larew and Mendota disagree about whether"
- Point at Issue
- Point at Issue questions require you to identify a point of contention between two speakers, and thus these questions appear almost exclusevely with two-speaker stimuli.
"Which one of the following is an assumption required by the argument above?"
- These questions ask you to identify an assumption of the author's argument.
"Which one of the following, if assumed, allows the conclusion above to be properly drawn?"
- Justify the Conclusion
- Justify the Conclusion questions ask you to supply a piece of information that, when added to the premises, proves the conclusion.
"which one of the following, if true, most strengthens the argument?"
"Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the statement above?"
- Strenghen/ Support
- These questions ask you to select the answer choice that provides support for the author's argument or strengthen it in some way.
"Which of the following, if true, would most effectively resolve the apparent paradox above?"
- Resolve the Paradox
- Every Resolve the Paradox stimulus contains a decrepency or seeming contradiction. You must find the answer choice that best resolves the situation.
"Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?"
- Weaken questions ask you to attack or undermine the author's argument.
"Which one of the following describes the technique of reasoning used above?"
- Method of Reasoning
- Method of Reasoning questions ask you to describe. in abstract terms, the way in which the author made his or her argument.
"The reasoning in the astronomer's argument is flawed because this argument"
- Flaw in Reasoning
- Flaw in Reasoning questions ask you to describe, in abstract terms, the error of reasoning committed by the author.
"Which of the following arguments is most similar in its pattern of reasoning to the argument above?"
- Parallel Reasoning
- Parallel Reasoning questions ask you to identify the answer choice that contains reasoning most similar in structure to the reasoning presented in the stimulus.
"The answer to which one of the following questions would contribute most to an evaluation of the argument?"
- Evaluate the Argument
- With Evaluate the Argument questions you must decide which answer choice will allow you to determine the logical validity of the argument.
"If the statements above are true, which one of the following CANNOT be true?"
- Cannot Be True
- Cannot Be True questions ask you to identify the answer choice that cannot be true or is most weakened based on the information in the stimulus.