1. milieu
    social environment
  2. aphasic
    Partial or total loss of the ability to articulate ideas or comprehend spoken or written language, resulting from damage to the brain
  3. dysgeusia
    impairment of taste
  4. ethnocentrism
    tendency to view one's own ways of life as the most desirable, acceptable, or best and to act in a superior manner toward another culture

    "when you think that your culture is better than others"
  5. cultural imposition
    tendency to impose one's own beliefs, values, and patterns of behavior on others from another culture
  6. assault
    when a person puts another person in fear of a harmful or offensive contact.

    threatening someone
  7. battery
    an actual contact with one's body
  8. defamation
    false communication or careless disregard for the truth that causes damage to someone's reputation either in writing (libel) or verbally (slander)
  9. libel
    false communication that causes damage to their reputation in writing
  10. slander
    false communication that causes damage to someone's reputation verbally
  11. asymptomatic
    when pt has illness but doesn't experience symptoms yet
  12. tachypea
    rapid breathing
  13. animism
    according to piaget this means that all inanimate objects are given living meanig for children
  14. object permanence
    according to piaget this is the realization that something out of sight still exists
  15. egocentric speech
    according to piaget this is when the child talks just for fun and cannot see another's point of view.
  16. global organization
    according to piaget this if any part of an object or situation changes, the whole thing has changed.
  17. paronychia
    infection around the nail

    sx. red, shiny skin, with painful swelling

    result fr trauma, picking at the nail or disorder such as dermatitis
  18. purulent
    containing pus
  19. claudication
    limping; impaired gate
  20. presbycusis
    sensorineural hearing loss that occurs in aging
  21. What is Weber tuning test
    to test for hearing loss
  22. romberg test is what
    to test the ability of the vestibular apparatus in the inner ear
  23. how is caloric test performed
    by instilling of cool water into the ear

    pt should have nystagmus and vertigo following it this is a normal response

    if nystagmus does not occur this is indicative of an eight cranial nerve dysfunction
  24. hyphema
    bleeding in anterior chamber of eye that happens postop of cataract surg.

    • treat: bed rest and bilateral eye patching for 2-5 days .
    • miotics are prescribed
  25. hordeolum

    treat: apply warm compress for 15min four x dly to promote rupture and drainage
  26. aphakia
    absence of lens in the eye due to surgical removal
  27. chalazion
    cyst on the eyelid
  28. postprandial
    after eating
  29. paronychia
    infection around the nail w/ sx of red, shiny skin, and painful swelling

    result fr trauma, picking at nail, or disorder such as dermatitis
  30. impetigo
    bacterial skin infection that's contagious

    sx: blisters on skin, face, neck

    usually occurs in preschool children
  31. fasciculations
    fine muscle twitches
  32. aphasia
    difficulty speaking
  33. opisthotonos
    prolonged arching of the back with the head and heels bent backward.

    indicates menigeal irritation
  34. decorticate rigidity
    upper ext are flexed with adduction of the arms

    lower ext extended with internal rotation and plantar flexion

    indicates hemispheric lesion of cerebral cortex
  35. decerebrate rigidity
    upper ext extended and adducted with internal rotation and pronation of the palms

    lower ext extened with plantar flexion.

    teeth are clenched and the back is hyperextended
  36. anosognosia
    neglecting affected side of the body
  37. sanguineous drainage
  38. serous drainage
    yellowish in color; watery serum
  39. serosanguineous drainage
    blood with serous fluid
  40. anosmia
    loss of sense of smell
  41. corynza
    nasal discharge
  42. allergic rhinitis
    hay fever; an allergic response to an allergen
  43. sinusitiss
    inflammation of the sinuses
  44. autocratic leadership
    assigns taks to the group and makes decisions independently

    leader retains all authority and is primarily concerned with task accomplishment.

    this is a effective style during emergency or crisis situation
  45. situational leadership
    comoprehensive approach that incorporates the leader's style. the maturity of the work grp and the situation at hand
  46. laissez-faire leadership
    permissive style in which the leader gives up control and delegates all decision making to the work grp
  47. democratic leadership
    people-centered approach that is primarily concerned with human relations and teamwork.

    facilitates goal accomplishment and contributes to the growth adn development of the staff
  48. can accountability be delegated
  49. freud's psychosexual stages of development
    Anal stage
    associated w/ toilet training, the child gains pleasure from both the elimination and retention of feces
  50. freud's psychosexual stages of development
    Oral Stage
    characterized by the gratification of the self
  51. freud's psychosexual stages of development
    Latency Period
    characterized by tapering off of conscious beiological and sexual urges
  52. freud's psychosexual stages of development
    Phallic stage
    associated with pleasurable and conflicting feelings about the genital organs
  53. Piaget's cognitive developmental theory
    child has the ability to think abstractly and to solve problems
  54. Piaget's concrete operations stage
    when the child develops logical thought patterns
  55. Piaget's sensorimotor stage
    when the child begins to understand the environment
  56. Piaget's preoperational stage
    when the child has difficulty separating fantasy from reality
  57. Kohlberg's theory of moral development is thought to be motivated by what
    punishment and reward
  58. anuric
    abscence of urine
  59. pediculosis
    head lice
  60. atopic dermatitis
  61. Pastia's sign
    rash seen among children with scarlet fever that will blanch with pressure except in the areas of deep creases and in teh folds of joints
  62. gibbus
    sac on the back of body filled with SCF, meninges, and some of the spinal cord
  63. Forschheimer's sign
    seen in rubella (german measles)

    refers to petechiae spots which as reddish and pinpoint and located on the soft palate
  64. Koplik's spots
    seen in rubeola; small blue-white-spots noted on the buccal mucosa
  65. encoresis
    fecal incontinence

    major concern if the child is constipated
  66. obtunded
    mean pt sleeps unless aroused and once aroused has limited interaction w/ the environment
  67. enuresis
  68. manifestion of retinoblastoma
    • cat's eye reflex (most common sign)(whitish glow in pupil)
    • strabismus (second most common)
    • red, painful eye and blindness (late sign)
  69. akinesia
    temporary muscle weakness
  70. dysgeusia
    temporary impairment of tast
  71. stenosis
  72. aversion therapy
    also known as aversion conditioning or negative reinforcement. a technique used to change behavior. stimulus attractive to the client is paired with an unpleasant even in hopes of associating the stimulus with negative properties
  73. desensitization
    reduction of intense reactons to a stimulus by repeated exposure to the stimulus in a weaker and milder form
  74. milieu therapy
    provides positive environmental manipulation both physical and social to effect a positive change in the client.
  75. self-control therapy
    combines cognitive and behavioral approaches and is useful to deal with stress
  76. pedophilia
    psychosexual disorder in adult
  77. conversion disorder
    alteration or loss of a physical function that cannot be explained by any known pathoophysiological mechanism.

    ex. pt became blind after witnessing a auto accident where 3 people died
  78. dissociative disorder
    a disturbance or alteraton in the normally integrative function of identity, memory, or consciousness.
  79. kohlberg's theroy states what
    individuals move through the six stages of development in a sequential fashion but that not everyone reaches stages 5 and 6 during his or her development of personal morality.
  80. kohlberg's theory
    stage I
    ages 2-3 yrs: punishment-obedience orientation

    children cannot reason as mature members of society
  81. kohlberg's theory
    stage II
    ages 4-7 yrs; instrumental relativist orientation

    the child conforms to rules to obtain rewards or to have favors returned
  82. ethnocentrism
    imposing ones belief on others
  83. mittelschmerz
    middle pain refers to pelvic pain that occurs midway b/n menstrual periods or at the time of ovulation.

    caused by growth of the dominant follicle within the ovary or rupture of the follicle and subsequent spillage of follicular fluid and blood into the peritoneal space.

    sharp and felt on the right or left side of the pelvis.

    last a few hrs to 2 days and slight vaginal bleeding may accompany the discomfort
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