theory test #2 continued

  1. what are some objectives of the IO/EO?
    • observe the pt overall
    • screen each patient to detect pathology that is possibly cancerous
    • recognize need for postponing treatment
    • recognize initial lesions
    • deviations from the norm
  2. what is a blisterform lesion?
    • lesion contains fluid, soft and translucent.
    • vesicles
    • pustule
    • bullae
  3. what is a nonblisterform lesion?
    • solid, do not contain fluid.
    • papules
    • nodules
    • tumors
    • plaques
    • predunculated/sessile
  4. what is erythema?
    red area of variable size and shape. reaction to irritation, radiation or injury
  5. what are the most common sites for neoplasms? (4)
    • floor of the mouth
    • lateral tongue
    • lower lip
    • soft palate complex
  6. class I:
    • normal
    • monitor
  7. class II:
    • atypical but not suggestive of malignant cells
    • monitor
  8. class III:
    • uncertain (possible for cancer)
    • reevaluate clinical findings; biopsy indicated
  9. class IV:
    • probable cancer
    • refer for biopsy
  10. Class V:
    • positive for cancer
    • refer for biopsy
  11. what is localized?
    limited to a small focal area
  12. what is generalized?
    involves most of an area or segment
  13. (which class?)
    1. patient dismissed when lesion has healed
    2. if lesion persists, DDS reevaluates and may request repeat of cytoligic smear or suggest and perform biopsy
    report of class I or II
  14. (class?)
    reevaluate clinical findings
    report of class III; biopsy usually indicated
  15. (class?)
    refer for biopsy
    report of class IV or V
  16. (type of report)
    1. follow up on lesion at subsequent appointments if negative report is obtained
    2. false negatives possible; malignancy may still exist, follow up imperative
    negative report
  17. subjective data is ________ and _________ with the patient. it includes chief complaint, perception of health, care, and ________ placed on oral health
    • observation and oral assessment
    • value
  18. physical and oral assessment. record clinical and radiographic findings to show evidence of disease in teeth and perio tissues including: probing depths, loss of perio attachment, caries, and defective restorations
    objective data
  19. signs of oral cancer:
    • leukoplakia
    • erythroplakia
  20. what is bidigital palpation?
    finger and thumb of the same hand
  21. digital palpation
    use of a single finger
  22. bimanual palpation
    the use of finger or fingers and thumb from each hand applied simultaneously in coordination
  23. bilateral palpation
    two hands are used at the same time to examine corresponding structures on the opposite sides of the body
  24. # of lymph nodes in the body
  25. # of lymph nodes in the neck
  26. what is auscultation?
    the act of listening for sounds w/in the body to evaluate the condition of the heart, blood vessels, lungs, or other organs
Card Set
theory test #2 continued
test review #2 theory