N112 Heart

  1. Angina pectoris
    acute chest pain that occurs when myocardial demand exceeds its oxygen supply
  2. Aortic regurgitation
    (aortic insufficiency) incompetent aortic valve that allows backward flow of blood into left ventricle during diastole
  3. Aortic stenosis
    calcification of aortic valve cusps that restricts forward flow of blood during systole
  4. Aortic valve
    the left semilunar valve separating the left ventricle and the aorta
  5. Apex of the heart
    tip of the heart pointing down toward the 5th intercostal space
  6. Apical impulse
    point of maximal impulse, (PMI) pulsation created as the left ventricle rotates against the chest wall during systole, normally at the 5th left intercostalspace in the midclavicular line
  7. Base of hear
    broader area of hearts outline located at the 3rd right and left intercostal space
  8. Coarctation of aorta
    severe narrowing of the descending aorta, a congenital heart defect
  9. Cor pulmonale
    right ventricular hypertrophy and heart failure due to pulmonary hypertension
  10. Gallop rhythm
    the addition of a 3rd and 4th heart sound makes the rhythm sound like the cadence of a galloping horse
Card Set
N112 Heart