Med Term Chapter 6

  1. Urinary System
    System that maintains a healthy balance of the amount and contents of fluids
  2. Homeostasis
    Normal dynamic process of balance needed to maintain a healthy body
  3. Stent
    Tublar device used for support of arteries during surgery
  4. Biospy
    Taking a piece of tissue for microscopic study
  5. Glycosuria
    Sugar in the urine
  6. Nocturia
    Excessive urination at night
  7. Dysuria
    Painful urination
  8. Azoturia
    Excessive nitrogen/urea in urine
  9. Polyuria
    Excessive urination
  10. Albuminuria
    Albumin in the urine
  11. Azotemia/Uremia
    Excessive urea in the blood system
  12. Urinary Retention
    Inability to release urine
  13. Enuresis
    Bed Wetting
  14. Urinary Incontinence
    Inability to hold urine
  15. Urgency
    Sensation to urinate immedietly
  16. Edema
    Accumulation of fluid in the tissue
  17. Diuresis
    Increased formation/excretion of urine
  18. Cystoscope
    Instrument used for visual examination inside the bladder
  19. KUB
    Kidney, Ureter, Bladder
  20. HD
  21. CAPD
    Continous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
  22. Creatinine Clearence Test
    Kidney test to check rate of nitrogenous waste
  23. IVU
    Intravenous urogram
  24. Cystography
    Process of recording bladder
  25. Urea
    The chemical compound in urine
  26. Micturition
    The release of urine
  27. Proteinuria
    Chemical exam of the urine that finds albumin where glomeruli is damaged
  28. Ureterotomy
    Incision in the ureter
  29. Meatotomy
    Incision into an enlarged meatus
  30. Ureter/o
  31. Urethr/o
  32. Polydipsia
    Excessive thrist due to polyuria
  33. Polyphagia
    Excessive appetite
  34. Hypertension (HTN)
    Condition of high blood pressure
  35. Pyuria
    Puss in the urine
  36. Renal Colic
    Pain from kidney stones in the ureter
  37. Nephralgia
    Kidney Pain
  38. Ureterolithiasis
    Slipping of the ureter
  39. Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)
    Infection anywhere in the urinary system
  40. Cystits
    Inflammation of the urinary bladder
  41. Polycystic Kidney Disease
    Inheriated disorder of enlarged kidneys
  42. Vesiculitis
    Inflammation of small sac/seminal vesicle
  43. Chronic Renal Failure (CRF)
    Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)
    Stages of Kidney failure, stages are 1-5
  44. Acute Renal Failure (ARF)
    Sudden inability of the kidneys to excrete waste
  45. Oliguria
    Scanty urination/little urination
  46. Glomerulonephritis
    Inflammation of glomeruli of the kidney
  47. Nephritis
    Inflammation of the Kidney
  48. Vesicoureteral reflux
    Back flow from the bladder or uerter
  49. Hydronephrosis
    Dialation of the reneal pelvis and calcies on the kidney
  50. Nephroptosis
    Prolapse or sagging of the Kidney
  51. Cystocele
    Hernination of the urinary bladder
  52. Dialysis Procedure (CAPD)
    Diaylis of a indwelling cathader in the abdomen
  53. Dialysis Procedure (HD)
    Diaylis of cleaning the blood by shunting
  54. Stricture
    Narrowing of a blood vessel or other tubulicar organ
  55. Urethral Stricture
    Narrowing of the urethera caused by injury or disease
  56. Renal Sclerosis
    Harderning of the arteries of the kidneys
  57. Ureteritis
    Inflammation of the urethera
  58. Bilirubin
    Chemical exam of the urine that shows liver disease or bilary obstruction
  59. Diabetes Mellitus
    Metabolic disease caused by deficiency of insulin
  60. Diabetes Insipidus
    Defiency of antidiruetic hormone
  61. Urinalysis (UA)
    Physical/chemical/Microscopic examination of urine
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Med Term Chapter 6