American History Test 3

  1. Who was the leader of the federalist?
    Alexander Hamilton
  2. Who where the Republican leaders?
    Thomas Jefferson and James Madison
  3. What party did Andrew Jackson belong to?
    the federalist party
  4. What party did Thomas Jefferson belong to?
  5. What party did James Madison belong to?
  6. Originaly, what did Federalist favor?
    • strong national government
    • favored close ties to britain
    • favored trade
  7. What was the federalist party made of?
  8. Where was the federalist base?
    In the North, New england
  9. True or False:
    The Republicans orginaly believed in a strong national government
    false. they favored a limited national government
  10. What did the Republicans favor?
    • a limited national government
    • close ties to france
    • supported french revolution
  11. where was the base of the republicans?
    in south-west
  12. True or False:
    James Madison favored a strong national government
    False, James Madison was a republican, so he favored a limited national government
  13. True of Flase:
    Thomas Jefferson favored close ties to britain
    False, Thomas jefferson was a republican, so he favored close ties to france.
  14. True or False
    Alexander Hamilton supported a strong national government
    True. Alexander was the leader of the federalists party which supported a strong national government
  15. Who took part in the Whiskey Rebellion?
    Pennsylvannia Farmers
  16. Why did the Whiskey rebellion take place?
    the farmers didnt like the excise tax on whiskey. ( there was no profit for the farmers who grew the corn and things which make whiskey)
  17. Who was responsible for the tax on whiskey?
  18. What action was taken against the Whiskey rebellion?
    • Washington went with troops to Pennsylvania to stop the rebellion to show everyone in america that force would be taken against any resistance movement against federal government
    • Hamiltons plan
  19. What Treaty took place in 1795?
    Jay's Treaty
  20. What led to Jay's Treaty?
    There was a rivalry between Britain and France. American Merchant ships where being caught in the middle and seized. The British seized american ships they thought where trading with or aiding the French. The british also claimed the right to search ships and impress( to force) people to join the british army whom they believed escaped.
  21. Who did washington send to negotiate the treaty and why?
    Washington wanted to avoid war so he sent John Jay to London to negotiate with the British.
  22. What did Jay's Treaty do for the British?
    • British gain "most favored nation" status
    • Pre-Revolutionary War debt must be payed
    • American Ships could be seized
  23. What did the Jay Treaty do for the Americans?
    • British had to compensate for Cargo on already seized ships
    • British must abandon forts in America
    • Trading rights with India and British West Indies
  24. True or False:
    Jay's treaty divided the country politicaly
  25. Who did the treaty favor more; the north or south? Why?
    North, they did trade so they would be remembersed for the cargo on seized ships. The south had debt with britian and would have to pay it back even though it may have been from their grandparents.
  26. True or False:
    After Jay's treaty, the cargo on newly seized ships would be reimbersed.
    Flase. Only the cargo from the ships before the treaty was signed would be remembersed to the americans
  27. What party was the North? and did they like Jay's Treaty?
    Federalists. Like
  28. What party was the South? and did they like Jay's treaty?
    Republican. Hate
  29. What Treaty took place in 1795?
    Pinkney's Treaty AKA Treaty of San Lorenzo
  30. Who was Pikney's(Treaty of San Lorenzo) Treaty between?
    Spain and America
  31. What did Pikney's treaty do?
    • Formed an aliance between Spain and america
    • Disputed (fought over) territory in America was worked out
    • Everything above the 31st parallel went to the US
    • America got Free transit though port of N.O.
  32. True or False:
    In The Treaty of San Lorenzo(Pikney's Treaty), all land over the 29th parallel went to America
    False. All land over the 31st parallel went to America
  33. True or False:
    All land bellow the 31st parallel went to America
    Flase. All land ABOVE the 31st parallel went to America
  34. Describe th Partisanship?
    • The partisanship was when the Newspapers where begging to be printed.
    • People discussed politics in taverns and coffee houses.
    • Leaad to a national identity
  35. How did women participate in the partisonship?
    Although women did not have any political rights they organized political social events.
  36. What did poeple do in coffee houses and taverns?
    • they discussed political issues and gave their views.
    • They had federalists coffee houses and republican coffee houses
  37. When was Washington's Farewell Address?
    september 1796
  38. What did washington state in his farewell address?
    • announced his retirement
    • warned against alliances
    • denunciation of partisanship (doesnt like politcal parties)
  39. True or False:
    Washington recommended that the nation should form strong alliances
    False. They would be commited to other countries
  40. What precedents did washing start?
    • serve two terms
    • elect your cabinet
  41. Election of 1796
    • between John Adams and Thomas Jefferson
    • The person who recieved the 2nd most # of votes would be vice president
    • Sectional split between north and south
  42. Who won the election of 1796?
    John Adams, a federalist
  43. Describe Adam' s personality
    • he was politicaly inept (sucked at politics)
    • Honest
    • Thin-skinned (sensitive)
  44. True or False:
    Adams was a republican
    False. He was a federalist
  45. True or False:
    Adams was good with words and politicaly smart
    False, he was the opposite
  46. True of False:
    There where no war clouds throughout adams presidency
    • False. There where many but adams did what he could to avoid them at all costs.
    • Potential war with France over american shipping
  47. Quasi War
    • France decided to cancel the Jay treaty and begain seizing American ships
    • John Adams sends 300 envoys to Paris
    • French Minister demands bribe and loan to France
    • XYZ Affair
  48. who was the quasi war between?
    • French and America
    • America won
  49. XYZ Affair
    during the war, Adams sent envoys and then 3 people to France to negotiate with them. didnt give names just X,Y, and Z
  50. What happened because of the almost war, Quasi?
    • The U.S developed a navy
    • Army trippled in size( from 10, to 50,00)
    • George Washington was the leader of the Army with Alexander Hamilton in second.
  51. What was the original # of the american army?
  52. What was the number of the Provisional Army?
  53. Describe the Alien Acts
    • made by the federalist congress
    • aimed at the Irish and French imigrants (that go into the Republican party)
  54. What where the three Alien and Sedation Acts?
    • Alien Enemies ACt
    • Alien friend Act
    • Naturalization Act
    • Sedation ACT
  55. Describe the Sedition Act
    • restrictions on all americans.
    • federal crime to engage in conspiracy against federal government
  56. What did the Alien and Sedation Acts do?
    • They deported immigrants
    • 5-14 years to become a citizen
  57. Where the Alien and Sedation Acts Constitutional?
    If not, who would decide the constitutionality of these laws?
    • No
    • No one knows..
  58. What year was the Alien and Sedation Acts?
    Alien and Sedation Acts of 1798
  59. State the order in which these events occured:

    C) Jay's Treaty, Pickney's Treaty, Quasi War
  60. Place the following in order in which they occured:
    Whiskey Rebellion
    Alien and Sedation Acts
    Pickney's Treaty
    Jay's Treaty
    Washington's Farewell Address
    Quasi War
    • 1)Whiskey Rebellion
    • 2)Jay's Treaty
    • 3) Pickney's Treaty
    • 4)Washington's Farewell Address
    • 5) Quasi War
    • 6) Alien and Sedation Acts
  61. Describe what took place during the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions in 1798
    Jefferson and Madison wanted to attack the Alien and Sedation acts, so they went to Kentucky and Virginia legislatures b/c the congresss and supreme court where federalists.
  62. Describe how Jefferson and Madison where able to go to the states to "nullify" these acts
    If an act was thought to be unconstitutional it could be nullified by the states.
  63. True or False:
    Jefferson went to Virginia to try and nullify the acts
    Flase. Jefferson went to Kentucky
  64. True or False:
    Madison went to the Virginia Legislature
  65. Federalist Era
    • Federalists popularity based on war talk
    • Won congress in 1798
    • Alien and Sedation ACts
    • Direct tax of 1798
    • Hamilton wants to go to war and get LA and FL from Spain and go into South America b4 france
    • Franco-America
  66. What did the Direct Tax of 1798 do?
    • sinked federalists popularity
    • was an excise tax, on people (property, etc.)
  67. Describe the Franco-American Accord of 1800
    • obligated surrender all claims against the French for damages done to American shiping
    • b/c of the release in U.S. alliance with Frace.
  68. In order, list the following:
    Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions
    Franco- American Accord
    Direct tax of 1798
    • 1) Kentucky and Virginia
    • 2)Direct tax
    • 3) Franco-American Accord
  69. Election of 1800
    • Rematch
    • Between Adams and Jefferson
  70. who won the election of 1800?
    • Republican party .
    • Jefferson
  71. What attacks did the republicans put on the federalists in the election of 1800?
    said the republicans where monoarchist
  72. WHat attacks where put on the republicans in the election of 1800?
    • Jefferson was said to be godless.
    • Deism
  73. What did the philosophy of Deism believe?
    • God was like a master clock maker who created the world and how it works but left it alone.
    • Church a human made monopoly
  74. Who was elected vice president of the election of 1800?
    Aaron Burr
  75. True of False:
    Aaron Burr was the vice president for Adams.
    Aaron burr was the vice president for Jefferson in the election of 1800 while Adams served before.
  76. During the electoral college in the vote of 1800, who was the vote for vice president tied between?
    Aaron Burr and Thomas Jefferson.
  77. What happened after the vote was tied in the electoral college between aaron burr and jefferson?
    • the votes was sent to the house of Representatives.
    • Federalists backed Burr in the house.
  78. How did Jefferson get elected in 1800's?
    Federalists casted blank ballots. Also known as the deal of Feb 16, 1801
  79. What did the Twelth Amendment do?
    electors in the electoral college must cast seprate ballots for President and Vice president
  80. What did Jefferson do while in office?
    • thought national debt was a bad idea (unlike Hamilton who wanted it) so brought debt down
    • Spending goes down
    • Goes away with internal taxes
    • brought down power of the navy and army (rely on malitia instead)
    • kept national bank
  81. True or False:
    Jefferson was the first person to be inaugurated in Washington
    True! Washington was built after George washington was already in his presidency.
  82. how did the federalists attempt to gain some control again?
    • Judiciary Act of 1801(later repealed by republicans)
    • Midnight Appointments
    • John Marshall chief justice in supreme court
  83. What did the Judiciary Act do?
    more federalist judges. (enlarge judiciary branch)
  84. Discuss Marbury Vs. Madison
    • Between James Madison (secretary of state) and William Marbury (midnight apt.)
    • Madison didnt want to give Marbury the commission although it was the law.
    • Marbury sues Madison
  85. What is a "midnight appointment"?
    ppl adam appointed in his last day in office
  86. who said this?
    "It is emphatically the province and duty of the Judicial Dept to say what the law is"
  87. Who was Napoleon Bonaparte?
    The emperor of France
  88. Napoleonic wars
    napolean wanted to take over Europe
  89. What was the patern of ownership in 1800 for Louisiana?
    spain -> france
  90. Louisiana Purchase
    • Jefferson wants to purchase N.O. for $10 million.
    • Napoleon sells all of L.A. for $15 mill.
  91. During the Lousiana Purchase, what was going on in Haiti?
    • Slave Rebellion
    • French kicked out of Haiti by slaves
  92. True or False:
    Thomas Jefferson wanted a nutral America
  93. True or False:
    Louis and Clark explored L.A. looking for a Northwest Passage.
    True . They did this in 1803-04
  94. List the following in order in which they occured:
    LA purchase
    Judiciary Act of 1801
    Marbury v Madison
    Direct Tax
    • Direct Tax
    • Judiciary Act of 1801
    • Marbury v Madison
    • LA purchase
  95. Select the one which shows the correct order in which the following occur:
    A) Whiskey Rebellion, Jay's Treaty, Pickney's Treaty, Judiciary Act, LA purchase
    B) Jay's Treary, Pickney's Treaty, Whiskey Rebellion, LA purchase, Judiciary Act
    C) Judiciary Act, Whiskey Rebellion, Jay's Treaty, Pickney's Treaty, LA purchase
    Whiskey Rebellion, Jay's Treaty, Pickney's Treaty ,Judiciary Act, LA purchase
  96. True or False:
    Aaron Burr runs for senator while president
    False: Burr runs for governor of N.Y while president
  97. True or False:
    Aaron Burr become governor of Louisiana while president
    • Flase. Aaron burr does not become governor of LA bc:
    • A) he didnt run for LA, he ran for N.Y
    • B) Hamilton worked against him
  98. What happened during the dual between Burr and Hamilton?
    • Burr challenged Hamilton to a dual bc they hated eachother ( and hamilton was the reason he didnt win the election for president)
    • Shot hamilton in the head (hamilton shot over his) in Weckawen, New Jersey
    • Indicted for Murder
  99. Describe the Burr conspiracy
    • Burr had a plot to create a new country
    • worked with governor john wilkinsons ( spanish spy)
    • charged for treason
    • Jefferson goes to supreme court
    • Burr acquitted
  100. When was jefferson elected for his 2nd term?
  101. Who won the election of 1804?
  102. Who won the election of 1800?
  103. Why did jefferson's popularity go down after the election of 1804?
    • war between british and French
    • Chesapeake Incident
  104. Describe the War between the British and French and how it effected america
    • american ships where caught between the british and french.
    • The british had a blockade in which tthe american ships where seized and impressment into service
  105. True or False:
    The Chesapeake Incident took place prior to the British blockade
    False. It happened directly after
  106. Describe the Chesapeake Incident of June 1807
    the british ship, Leopard demands to board ship while the american ship, Chesapeake, was still in american waters. Chesapeake says no, Leopard fires at them and boards anyways
  107. True or False:
    The French fired at the American Ship, Chesapeake
    False: the British ship, Leopard fired at Chesapeake
  108. What did the Embargo Act of 1807 do?
    • kept the American ships from leaving port.
    • Hurt america more than it did Europe
    • Makes Jefferson more unpopular
    • Federalist Party revived
  109. True or False:
    The Embargo Act was a response to the Chesapeake insident
  110. Non-intercourse Act
    • republicans repelle the embargo act
    • american ships allowed to leave port
    • Still no trade with britian or France
  111. Who wont he election of 1808?
    James Madison
  112. Who where the candidates of the election 0f 1808?
    James Madison and Charles Pinckney
  113. Problems in the west
    • between the appalachines and the mississippi
    • one mill americans
  114. True or False:
    Tecomseh and the Prophet bring tribes together under one confederation
    True. They where like a religous organization going around preaching that they should unite
  115. Who was William Henry Harrison?
    • General of Indian Territory
    • Battle of Tippecanoe
  116. What happened at the Battle of Tippecanoe (1811)?
    attack on the indian prophet town
  117. The leader of the Battle of Tippicano

    A) Tecomseh
  118. War Hawks
    • 40
    • congressman who want war with Great Britain
  119. West Florida Republic
    • 1810
    • revolt
    • Americans living in Spanish Florida between MS and Pearl River wanted to attatch themselves to L.A.
    • Lasted 73 days
  120. True or False:
    Madison finally ran out of options and asked for a decleration of war
  121. Vote for war
    • divided congress
    • Republicans-for war
    • Federalists- agianst war
    • House 79-49
    • Senate 19-13
    • second war of independence
  122. True or False:
    The Federaslists where against the war of 1812
    True. The republicans where for it
  123. True or False:
    The war of 1812 was the 2nd war after the Revolution
    False. It was the first
  124. Describe the war of 1812
    • against Canada (british)
    • thought canadians would welcome americans (they didnt)
    • Attacked canada 3 times (all failed)
    • American Territory falls to British and Indian allies
  125. All of the following are true about the War of 1812 except:

    • B) America had one succesfull attack on canada
    • America did not suceed in any of it's attacks
  126. True or False:
    America gained land because of the war of 1812
    False. America lost land to the British, but they did gain control of the great lakes
  127. Election of 1812
    • James Madison (republican) won
    • Dewitt Clinton (federalist)
  128. War of 1812 cont.
    • america gains control of Great Lakes
    • Tecumseh Killed
    • Napoleon defeated in 1814
  129. Why was Napoleon being defeated a bad thing?
    British could foccus on America
  130. British Attack
    • America goes bankrupt
    • Bank of U.S. charter ends (1811)
    • Inflation
    • Federalists want out
    • -didnt want war with British
    • -didnt want to be on loosing side
    • Washington attacked
  131. Because the Bank of the U.S. charter was not renewed, what happened?

    A) inflation
  132. Francis Scott Key
    wrote star spangled bangle
  133. Battle of Horseshoe bend 1814
    konck out creek indians who control Alabama, MS, GA
  134. Fill in the blank:
    After the battle of Horseshoe bend, Andrew Jackson goes to _________ to ___________________.
    After the battle of Horseshoe bend, Andrew Jackson goes to Pensacola to take control over it.
  135. All of the following are true except:

    B) the British did not want the L.A. territory or N.O.
  136. Battle of New Orleans
    • Gen. Edward Pakenham
    • jan 8 1815
    • Frontal Attack
    • Brittish Loose 2,000
    • Americans loose 21
  137. True or False:
    The federalists where on the winning side of the Battle of N.O.
    False! the federalists supported the British and the British lost
  138. All are false except:

    B) America had less troops than the British
  139. Which of the Following is in the Correct order?

    B) LA purchase, Embargo Act, Battle of Tippecanoe, War of 1812, Battle of N.O.
  140. What did the Treaty of Ghent in 1814 do?
    • restored trade with Britain
    • signed Before the Battle of N.O happened , but news did not reach until after
    • NO territory changed hands
  141. All of the Following are True of the Era of good Feelings except:

    • C) Political Seperation
    • There was political harmony b/c the Federalists where ashamed to be on the loosing side so they said they where republicans
  142. During the Era of good feelings, what did not happen:

    • A) federalists became more prominant
    • A is correct because the republicans supported a strong national gov. and national bank after the war
  143. The 2nd bank of the U.S. was established:

    • B) after the batttle of N.O in 1816
    • the republicans changed their views and supported the bank, thus renewing the charter for another 20yrs
  144. What changes where made to the bank of the u.s. after the 2nd charter?
    a branch of the bank in every state
  145. The tariff of 1816
    • tax on imports
    • first ever protective tariff
    • protectedc U.S. products
  146. Henry Clay and John C. Calhoun where:
    A) for the bank of the U.S.
    B) Against the bank of the U.S
    C) forged votes
    D) Leadership in Congress
    A, C, and D are correct
  147. True or False:
    James Madison was the chief justice of the Supreme Court in 1801-1835
    False. John Marshall was
  148. Dartmorth collefe v. woodward 1819
    states limited in power over charters and contracts
  149. McColloch v. Maryland 1819
    • maryland taxed bank of u.s.
    • ruled bank of u.s. constitutional
  150. who said this:
    "power to tax, power to destroy"
    john marshall
  151. The Internal- Improvements Bill of 1817 stated that:

    • C) all of the above.
    • the bill was vetoed by madison before he left office
  152. John Quincy Adams
    • son of John Adams
    • Secretary of state for pres. Monroe
    • made deals to secure american territory from sea to sea
  153. True or False:
    THe Rush Bagot Agreement limited naval armaments on the Great Lakes
    True! it demilitized the Canadian border
  154. The Anglo American Accords did all of the following except:

    C) the boundry was set at the 49th parallel
  155. Describe how spanish Florida becomes America
    • Spain has it, but Andrew jackson wants it. So he moves troops against spanish florida.
    • destroyed camps
    • forts
    • etc
    • killed 2 british subjects bc he said they where helping
    • Trans Continental Treaty
  156. True or False:
    The trans continental treaty was with Great Britain
    False: The transcontinental treaty was with spain
  157. What did the trans continental treaty of 1819 do?
    • Gives us FL
    • Spain cant claim territory in Oregon
    • Gives us claims to Texsas
    • Seperates us at the 42nd Parallel
  158. True or False:
    The Trans contenental treaty boundary was drawn at the 42nd parallel
  159. True or False:
    The border for the Anglo- American Accords was drawn at the 42nd parallel
    False! the Trans continental treaty was drawn at the 42nd parallel. the anglo-american accords where drawn at the 49th parallel
  160. True or Flase:
    The Monroe Doctrine was writen by James Monroe
    Flase. It was actually written by John Quincey Adams
  161. What was the Monroe Doctrine?
    A famous diplomatic statement by president James Monroe
  162. What did the Monroe Doctrine state?
    • America is offlimits to European colonization
    • Uninted States is the Guardian of teh Americas
  163. List in order in which the following occured:
    Treaty of Ghent
    Trans Continental Treaty
    Battle of N.O
    Monroe Doctrine
    Missouri Comprimise
    • Battle of N.O
    • Treaty of Ghent
    • Rush-Bagot Agreement
    • Trans Continental Treaty
    • Monroe Doctrine
    • Missuri Compromise
  164. Describe the Missouri compromise
    • missouri wanted to be a state
    • no slave abouve ohio river (excpt missouri)
    • wanted equal # of slave states as free
    • so let missouri in if they didnt say they where slave and let maine in as free
    • 30-30 line
    • Henry Clay
  165. True or Flase:
    Monroe was elected in 1820
    true. this was his 2nd term
  166. The Tallmadge Amendment did all of the following except:

  167. True or False:
    The tallamadge ammendments was passed in the house of representatives but blocked in senate
  168. The election of 1824 was between which candidates?
    • john Quincy Adams- secretary of state
    • Andrew Jackson- war hero
    • William H. Crowford-secretary of treasury
    • Henry clay -speaker of house
  169. What does not fit with the Federalists Party?

  170. Farmers in Western Pennsyvania Rebel during the Washington Adimin

  171. Pickney's Treaty

  172. True or False:
    Washington's Farewell address advised U.S. to est. strong perminant aliances with other strong nations
  173. xyZ affair happened

  174. XYZ affair

    C) war histaria toward france
  175. True or Flase:
    Federalists partly left congress b.c of the war scare with france
  176. thomas jefferson

  177. kentuky and verginia res

Card Set
American History Test 3
Test 3: political parties