Which of the following structures is found in the lower airways?
The structures within the lung that allow exchange of gasses with the bloodstream are known as:
Which of the following findings does NOT specifically indicate inadequate breathing?
Expiration is longer than inspiration.
Which of the following is NOT a sign of inadequate breathing?
Which of hte following patients does NOT require the administration of supplemental oxygen?
A 24-year-old woman who is breathing 28 times per minute after being in an argument with her husband?
Which of the following muscles is a sign of inadequate breathing?
To deliver high-flow oxygen to a breathing patient, which of the following is the best device?
The point at which the trachea divides into the two mainstem bronchi is called the:
Which of the following patients should NOT have their airway opened using a head-tilt, chin-lift manuever?
A homeless person of undetermined age found lying unresponsive in an alley with no bystanders
On which of the following types of calls should you bring your portable suction unit to the patient's side upon arrival of the scene?
Cardiac arrest, seizure, and motor vehicle collision
Which of the following is the best description of inadequate breathing?
The minute volume is less than normal
You have arrived at the scene of a call for a "man down." As you enter the residence you note that your patient is a male in his mid-60's who is awake but does not seem to acknowledge your presence. He is perspiring profusely, has cyanosis of his ears and lips, and has rapid, shallow respirations. Which of the following should you do first?
Assist ventillations with a bag-valve-mask and supplemental oxygen
You arived at a roller skating rink for a report of a seizure. YOur patient is a 17-year-old female whom bystanders witnessed having a seizure that lasted about three minutes. At the time of your initial assessment she is unresponsive to all stimuli, is breathing deeply at about 20 times per minute, and has gurgling noises on respiration due to an accumulation of secretions in the mouth and pharynx. Which of the following is the correct sequence of intervention?
Suction the mouth and pharynx, apply a non-rebreather mask with 12 liters per minute of oxygen, and continue your assessment.
Which of the following may result from delivery of ventilations that are more forceful than necessary?
Vomiting, gastric distension, and worsening of an injury to the lung
Which of hte following is an advantage of using a nasopharyngeal airway?
It may be tolerated by many patients with a gag reflex
Your patient, in whom you have insterted an oropharyngeal airway, is beginning to regain cnosciousness and develop a gag reflex. Which of hte following is the proper way of managing this situation?
Turn the patient on her side and remove the airway
When providing airway management and ventilation procedures, which of the following is required for body substance isolation?
Gloves, mask, and goggles
Which of the following is a disadvantage of oropharyngeal airways?
They cannot be used in a patient with a gag reflex
Which of the following is true concerning the procedure for inserting a nasopharyngeal airway?
The bevel should be turned toward the nasal septum
To be effective, a suction unit must be able to generate air flow of_______ liters per minute and create a vacuum of____mmHg.
You are ventilating a cardiac arrest patient when he begins to vomit copious amounts of large pieces of undigested food. Which of the following would be most effective in clearing the airway?
Using large bore suction tubing without a tip or catheter attached
When suctioning the airway, suction should never be applied longer than ____seconds.
Which of the following is the corrrect method of suctioning?
Insert the catheter or tip to the desired depth prior to applying suction
Which of the following colors identifies an oxygen cylinder?
The safe residual for an oxygen cylinder is ___psi.
Which of the following is necessary to deliver oxygen to patients at a safe pressure?
Which of the following is acceptable for maintaining a seal between an oxygen cylinder and a regulator?
A light coating of lubricant
Your patient is a motorcyclist who was ejected from his vehicle due to striking a guard rail. The patient is unresponsive to painful stimuli and is breathing six to eight times per minute. Which of the following should you do first?
Use a bag-valve-mask with supplemental oxygen
Which of the following should be kept in mind when assessing and managing the airway of a pediatric patient?
The trachea is easliy obstructed by swelling
you are ventilating a 3-year-old near-drowning patient. Signs that your ventilations are adequate include all of the following EXCEPT:
The patient begins to exhibit retraction of the muscles between the ribs
You are ventilating a 55-year-old male patient with a stoma. Which of the following is NOT necessary?
Your patient is a 4-year-old male who was struck by a vehicle and is now unresponsive with an obvious head injury. As you are ventilating him with a bag-valve-mask device, yo udetect increasing resistance to ventilation. Which of the following should you do?
Check your rate of ventilation
You are transporting a 44-year old female with chest pain and sudden respiratory distress. She is agitated and anxious and refuses to have a non-rebreather applied. WHich of hte following is the best option?
Use a nasal cannula instead
The oxygen flow rate for a nasal cannula should not exceed ___ liters per minute.
Your patient is a 55-year-old man with a hsitory of chronic bronchitis. You have been called to his home today because of an increase in his level of respiratory distress. the patient is on 2 liters per minute of oxygen by nasal cannula at home. Your assessment reveals difficulaty speaking due to shorness of breath, leaning forward to breathe, a productive cough, and a respiratory rate of 32 per minute. Which of hte following is true concerning the best course of action for this patient?
You should increase the patient's oxygen flow rate until his repiratory rate decreases and then resume oxygen administration at 2 liters per minute.
Concerning the use of humidified oxygen, which of the following is true?
It is not of great benefit during short transport.
The nerve that innervates with the diaphragm is called:
the phrenic nerve
The name of the structure that prevents aspiration of fluids/food is called the:
The visceral pleura is the lining directly attached to the lung.
There are three lobes of lung on the left.
The term that describes cessation of breathing is:
An increase in carbon dioxide stimulates respiration.
The mechanical aspect of breathing is termed:
A curved laryngoscope blade is called:
The term that describes surgical removal of all or part of the larynx is called:
If a patient is hyperventilating, it is appropriate to slow down respiration by having the patient breath into a paper bag.
The cause of stridorous respiratory sounds is:
Narowing of the trachea
Gas exchange takes place in the lungs, otherwise known as:
A patient may be ventilating normally and yet remain hypoxic.