Cephalosporins have a
beta-lactam ring and target the bacterial cell wall, making it defective and unstable.
a valuable group of drugs that are effective in treatment of infection.
Otitis media is
Perioperative period is
to prevent infection in patients having surgery on contaminated or potentially contaminated area such as GI tract or vagina.
1st Generation- cephalaxin (keflex) cefazolin (ancef)
2nd Generation- cefaclor (Raniclor) cefoxitin (Mefoxin) cefuroxime(Zinacef)
3rd Generation- cefoperazone (Cefoboid) cefotaxime (Claforan)
4th Generation- cefepime (Maxipime)
damage to the kidneys by a toxic substance.
inflammation of a vein with formation of a clot in the vein.
Disulfiram like reaction may occuf if
alcohol is consumed within 72 hours after admin of certain cephosporins. symptoms flushing, throbbing in the head and neck, respiratory difficulty, vomiting, sweating, chest pain, and hypotension.
Should not administer cephalosporins if
the patient has a history of allergies to cephalosporins or penicillins.