1. Pathogens
    disease causing micro-organims.
  2. Penicillinase is
    an enzyme that inactivates penicillin.
  3. Beta-lactam ring
    breaks the cell wall and the cell dies (bactericidal action)
  4. Prophylaxis (prevention)
    against a potential secondary bacterial infection that can occur in a patient with a viral infection.
  5. MRSA is
    a type of bacteria that is resistant to certain antibiotics. bacterium that is resistant to methicillin.
  6. Anaphylactic shock is
    a severe form of hypersensitivity reaction. occurs more frequent after parenteral admin. and oral use. severy hypotension, loss of consciousness, and acute respiratory distress.
  7. Cross sensitivity or cross allergenicity are
    allergy to drugs in the same or related groups.
  8. Pseudomembranous colitis is
    a commonly occuring bacterial superinfection. diarrhea or bloody diarrhea, rectal bleeding, fever and abdominal cramping.
  9. Candidiasis or moniliasis is
    common type of fungal superinfection. occur in GI and reproductive systems.
  10. Penicillins are
    contraindicated in patients with a history of hypersensitivity to penicillin or the cephalosporins.
  11. Penicillins should be used cautiously in patients
    with renal disease, asthma, bleeding disorders, GI disease, pregnancy or lactation, and history of allergies.
  12. Goldenseal is
    an herb found growing in certain areas of NE US and is used to wash inflamed or infected eyes and in making yellow dye.
  13. Culture and Sensitivity test is
    culture of bacteria to determine to which antibiotic the microorganism is sensitive.
  14. Phlebitis is
    inflammation of the vein.
  15. Superinfection
    can develop rapidly and is potentially serious and even life threatening.
  16. Glossitis is
    inflammation of the tongue.
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