This holiday of great antiquity is believed to have been the observance of Athena's birthday and honored the goddess as the city's patron divinity, Athena Polias ('Athena of the city').
Festival of the Panathenaia
architects of the parthenon
Ictinus and Callicrates
an Athenian statesman, strategos, and major political figure in mid-5th century BC Greece. played a key role in creating the powerful Athenian maritime empire following the failure of the Persian invasion of Greece by Xerxes I in 480-479 BC
a prominent and influential statesman, orator, and general of Athens during the city's Golden Age.
a Greek sculptor, painter and architect, who lived in the 5th century BC
designed the statues of the goddess Athena on the Athenian Acropolis,
Athena as goddess of victory
Athena the virgin
Athena of the city
Athena who fights in the front line
Greek, “high city.” The upper citadel of a Greek city, usually the site where important temples were erected.
a sculptured female figure used as a column, as on the Erechtheion at the Acropolis of Athens.
armory at the Acropolis in Athens, holding the arms of the goddess Athena, as well as votive offerings
in Greek architecture, the stepped platform upon which the superstructure of a building is erected. The uppermost level of the crepidoma is the stylobate. The lower levels are called the stereobate.
slight convex curve to the profile of a column
Greek, young woman. An Archaic Greek statuary type depicting a young woman.
Greek, young man. An Archaic Greek statuary type depicting a young man.
a simple long woolen belted garment worn by ancient Greek women.
Greek, picture gallery. At the Acropolis of Athens this room of the Propylaea contained a picture gallery and functioned as a rest lounge for visitors
. 499-448 BC
Polykleitos the Younger,
ca. 350 BC
Choragic Monument of Lysikrates,
ca. 335 BC
Agora at Athens,
later fifth century BC;
rebuilt second century BC
Stoa of Attalos II, Athens, 159-132 BC
Temple of Apollo Epicurius,
ca. 450-425 BC
Athanadoros, Hagesandros, and Polydoros of Rhodes, sculps.,
Laocoön and His Sons,
early first century AD
Paionios of Ephesos and Daphnis of Miletos, archs.,
Temple of Apollo,
begun 313 BC
City plan of Priene, Turkey, fourth century BC
Altar of Zeus, Pergamon, Turkey, ca. 181-159 BC
considered to be the “father” of urban planning, the namesake of Hippodamian plan of city layouts (grid plan)
Hippodamus of Miletus
the open meeting place or market place in an ancient Greek city
an ancient Greek assembly building or council hall
a monument built to honor the winner of a choral contest
a small ancient Greek or Roman theater, often roofed and used for musical performances
an ancient Greek wrestling school; or, more generally, an ancient Greek or Roman building for athletic training
(proscenium) a raised platform from which actors performed their lines in a Greek theater.
backdrop building in a Greek theater.
in ancient Greece, a long, roofed portico with columns along the front and a wall at the back; used for shops, meetings, or exhibitions.