social science legislation

  1. Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1933
    Bill that provided for farm mortgage relief and a domestic allotment plan that restricted production to raise agricultural prices
  2. Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938
    Bill passed with the goal of full production during World War II; provided price guarantees for cotton, peanuts, soybeans, and other specialty crops
  3. Civil Rights Act of 1964
    Bill that contributed to racial equality and influenced Dixiecrats to switch to the Republican Party
  4. Dawes Act of 1887
    Bill outlining federal policy toward Native Americans; forced them to assimilate
  5. Economic Opportunity Act of 1964
    Measure that set up training camps, provided grants to small businesses and farmers, and aided community anti-poverty programs
  6. Economic Recovery Tax Act of 1981
    Law that lowered income tax rates by a large amount over three years
  7. Economy Act of 1933
    Bill that suspended full retirement benefits for Supreme Court Justices
  8. Emergency Banking Act
    Bill that legalized the national banking holiday that Roosevelt had previously declared
  9. Emergency Farm Mortgage Act
    Bill passed under the Roosevelt administration in an effort to reduce farm foreclosures; deemed unconstitutional in Louisville Joint Stock Land Bank v. Radford
  10. Emergency Feed Grain Bill of 1961
    Law that offered larger subsidies for larger amounts of unused land than the Soil Bank Act had
  11. Emergency Relief Appropriation Act
    Bill that established the Works Progress Administration in April 1935
  12. Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974
    Bill that increased government regulation of retirement plans
  13. Employment Act of 1946
    Bill obligating the federal government to strive for “maximum production, maximum employment, and maximum purchasing power”
  14. Fair Labor Standards Act
    Bill that established minimum wages and maximum hours; outlawed hiring workers under 16 years of age
  15. Farm Credit Act of 1933
    Bill passed to help protect small farmers from bankruptcy
  16. Farm Mortgage Refinancing Act of 1934
    Bill passed to help protect small farmers from bankruptcy
  17. Federal anti-lynching bill
    Theoretical law which Roosevelt did not support due to an unwillingness to upset southern voters
  18. Federal Home Loan Bank Act
    Bill passed under the Hoover administration; set aside $150 million for the prevention of foreclosures
  19. Food and Agriculture Act of 1965
  20. Bill that offered even more subsidies to the largest agricultural landholders
  21. Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act of 1962
    Bill that was a part of a new age of consumer protection
  22. G.I. Bill of 1944
    Legislative act that helped World War II veterans purchase suburban homes and gain access to education and skills training
  23. Glass-Steagall Banking Act
    Bill that distinguished between investment and commercial banking and created the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
  24. Home Owners Refinancing Act
    Bill that created the Home Owners Loan Corporation
  25. Homestead Act of 1862
    Bill that promoted residency in the western United States
  26. Immigration Acts of 1921 and 1924
    Laws that imposed harsh immigration limitations, triggering a decrease in European immigration
  27. Indian Reorganization Act of 1934
    Bill that facilitated the rebirth of Native American culture, which was previously stymied under the Dawes Act
  28. Johnson Act of 1934
    Bill that outlawed bond trade with countries that did not pay their debts to the United States
  29. Judicial Procedures ReformAct
    Bill that would enable the president to appoint a new federal judge for each one that had served for at least 10 years and did not resign within six months after turning 70; also known as the court-packing plan
  30. Kefauver-Harris Amendment
    Annex to the Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act of 1962 that mandated the rigorous testing of new drugs
  31. National Housing Act of 1934
    Bill created by Marriner Eccles; established the Federal Housing Administration and Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation
  32. National Industrial Recovery Act
    Bill that put anti-trust laws on hold and gave workers the right to collective bargaining
  33. National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1966
    Bill that established automobile safety standards and provided for recalls in cases of unsafe vehicles
  34. Neutrality Act of 1935
    Bill that outlawed shipment of weapons to all warring nations, even non-aggressors
  35. Neutrality Act of 1936
    Bill that outlawed the supply of private American loans to all warring nations and shipment of weapons to third parties that joined a war
  36. Neutrality Act of 1937
    Bill that instituted a travel ban, outlawed shipment of weapons to nations experiencing civil wars, and established the cash and carry policy
  37. Norris-La Guardia Act
    Bill passed under the Hoover administration; limited the use of injunctions against protesters
  38. Railroad Retirement Act
    Bill deemed unconstitutional by the Supreme Court on the grounds that the federal government could not mandate a pension plan in the railroad industry due to a lack of constitutional power
  39. Reciprocal Trade Agreement Act of 1933
    Bill that established the most favored nation provision, allowing the United States to lower trade barriers for any other nation that lowered trade barriers for the United States
  40. Revenue Act of 1932
    Bill passed in order to balance the federal budget, a concept associated with fiscal responsibility
  41. Revenue Act of 1935
    Bill that provided for a maximum tax rate of 75% on incomes above $50,000; originally included a maximum tax rate of 79%, a federal inheritance tax, and a gradual corporate income tax
  42. Securities Act of 1933
    Bill passed to regulate financial markets, giving the Federal Trade Commission the duty of supervising new securities
  43. Securities Exchange Act of 1934
    Bill that created the Securities and Exchange Commission
  44. Smoot-Hawley Tariff
    High tariff that passed Congress at an inopportune time; exacerbated economic problems in 1929
  45. Social Security Act of 1935
    Bill that provided for pensions for the elderly, unemployed, and disabled
  46. Soil Bank Act of 1956
    Bill that paid subsidies to farmers who placed land in a soil bank, agreeing not to cultivate it
  47. Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act
    Bill that ended processing taxes and acreage quotas, which favored large landowners; sent subsidy checks directly to sharecroppers
  48. Taft-Hartley Act of 1946
    Bill that limited solidarity strikes, enabled states to outlaw union-only shops, and demanded that union leaders affirm the absence of communists in their organizations
  49. Tax Reduction Act of 1964
    Bill that caused a federal deficit by increasing spending and reducing taxes; started as John F. Kennedy’s idea and ultimately pushed through Congress by Lyndon Johnson
  50. Tydings-McDuffie Act of 1934
    Bill that made the Philippines an American commonwealth and promised to give it national sovereignty in 10 years
  51. Voting Rights Act of 1965
    Bill that contributed to racial equality and influenced Dixiecrats to switch to the Republican Party
  52. Wagner Act
    Bill that sought to give employees and employers equal bargaining powers and outlawed company unions
  53. Wagner-Steagall Act
    Bill that established the United States Housing Authority
  54. Washington minimum wage law
    Piece of legislation supported by the ruling in West Coast Hotel Co. v. Parrish
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social science legislation
social science legislation