Principle #6: Markets Are Usually a Good Way to Organize Economic Activity.
A market economy is an economy that allocates resources through the decentralized decisions of many firms and households as they interact in markets for goods and services.
Households decide what to buy and who to work for.
Firms decide who to hire and what to produce.
Adam Smith made the observation that households and firms interacting in markets act as if guided by an “invisible hand.”
Because households and firms look at prices when deciding what to buy and sell, they unknowingly take into account the social costs of their actions.
As a result, prices guide decision makers to reach outcomes that tend to maximize the welfare of society as a whole.